How to create and display simple animations in Pygame?

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by kanika dot icon Updated: Jul 25, 2023

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Pygame provides a framework for developing 2D games. This provides multimedia applications and interactive software using the Python programming language. It offers a range of functionality for handling graphics, sound, and user input. These make it a powerful tool for creating games and interactive experiences. Pygame provides an API for game development. It is a great choice for creating 2D video games and animations.  


It is developed on the Simple Direct Media Layer (SDL). Pygame provides an abstract layer that simplifies the process of game development. It allows developers to focus on the game logic. Also, it allows us to focus on design without getting involved in low-level details.  


Here are some key features and capabilities of Pygame:  

  • Graphics  
  • Input handling  
  • Sound and music  
  • Collision detection  
  • Game development utilities  

Pygame's versatility extends beyond game development. It can be used for creating interactive visualizations. It is used in educational software, simulations, and other graphical applications. Pygame provides simplicity and ease of use. This makes it a popular choice for both beginner and experienced developers.  


Pygame is a popular Python library for creating 2D games and animations. Here are some examples:  

  • Object Movement - Pygame allows you to animate objects. It is done by updating their positions over time.  
  • Sprite Animation - Sprites are images or visual elements that can be moved or animated.  
  • Frame-Based Animation - Pygame allows you to load a series of individual frames. It displays them at a specific frame rate, creating frame-based animations.  
  • Shader-Based Animations - Pygame provides support for using shaders. They are small programs that run on the GPU to manipulate the appearance of objects.  
  • 3D Animations - Pygame's 3D capabilities are limited compared to dedicated 3D engines.  

Pygame is a 2D game development library for Python. So it doesn't support advanced animation engines like Blender, Maya, or 3D Studio Max. Let's explore how Pygame can work with each of these animation engines:  

  • Blender: Blender is a powerful open-source 3D creation suite. That includes robust animation capabilities.  
  • Maya: Autodesk Maya is a used 3D computer graphics application. It offers comprehensive tools for modeling, animation, and rendering.  
  • 3D Studio Max: 3D Studio Max (often referred to as 3ds Max) is another popular 3D modeling. It is also known as animation software.  

Pygame provides functionality for handling graphics, sound, and user input. Here's a brief overview of how you can use Pygame to create video games:  

  • Installation - Start by installing Pygame on your system.  
  • Setting up the game window - Import the Pygame library and initialize it using pygame.init().  
  • Game loop - Create a game loop until the player quits the game.  
  • Handling user input - Check for user input events and respond inside the game loop.  
  • Drawing graphics - Use Pygame's drawing functions to create graphics for your game.  
  • Collision detection - Install collision detection logic to handle interactions between game objects.  
  • Game logic and mechanics - Develop the core gameplay mechanics of your game.  
  • Sound and music - Pygame also provides functionality for playing sound effects. Also, it provides music in your game.  
  • Level design - Design levels or game worlds by creating appropriate data structures. This helps to represent the layout of the game.  
  • Testing and refining - Test your game to identify bugs or areas that need improvement.  
  • Packaging and distribution - Once your game is complete, you can package it as an executable. It is a Python script and any necessary assets, such as images or sound files.  

In conclusion, Pygame stands out as a powerful tool for animation due to its simplicity. It has built-in functionality, versatility, and strong community support. Its unique features empower animators to bring their creative visions to life. This is used to explore the endless possibilities of animation in various domains. Whoever you are, Pygame offers an accessible and robust platform. This will unleash your imagination and create captivating animations.  

Here is an example of creating and displaying simple animations in Pygame.

Fig1: Preview of the Code

Fig2: Preview of Output when the code is run in IDE.


In this solution, we are creating and displaying simple animations using Pygame


Follow the steps carefully to get the output easily.

  1. Install Jupyter Notebook on your computer.
  2. Open terminal and install the required libraries with following commands.
  3. Install pygame - pip install pygame.
  4. Copy the code using the "Copy" button above, and paste it into your IDE's Python file.
  5. Run the file to get the desired output.

I hope you found this useful. I have added the link to dependent libraries, version information in the following sections.

I found this code snippet by searching for "Text animations in pygame" in kandi. You can try any such use case!

Dependent Libraries

pygameby pygame

C doticonstar image 6066 doticonVersion:2.5.0.dev2doticon
no licences License: No License (null)

๐Ÿ๐ŸŽฎ pygame (the library) is a Free and Open Source python programming language library for making multimedia applications like games built on top of the excellent SDL library. C, Python, Native, OpenGL.


            pygameby pygame

            C doticon star image 6066 doticonVersion:2.5.0.dev2doticonno licences License: No License

            ๐Ÿ๐ŸŽฎ pygame (the library) is a Free and Open Source python programming language library for making multimedia applications like games built on top of the excellent SDL library. C, Python, Native, OpenGL.

                      If you do not have Pygame that is required to run this code, you can install it by clicking on the above link and copying the pip Install command from the Pygame page in kandi.

                      You can search for any dependent library on kandi like pygame.

                      Environment Tested

                      I tested this solution in the following versions. Be mindful of changes when working with other versions.

                      1. The solution is created in Python 3.9.6
                      2. The solution is tested on pygame version 2.3.0

                      Using this solution, we are able to create and display simple animations using Pygame.


                      1. For any support on kandi solution kits, please use the chat
                      2. For further learning resources, visit the Open Weaver Community learning page.


                      1. What is pygame animation, and how does it work?  

                      Pygame is a popular Python library. It is used for developing 2D games and multimedia applications. Animation can be achieved by updating the appearance of objects in each frame of the game loop.  


                      The basic steps involved in creating a pygame animation are as follows:  

                      • Set up the Pygame environment. 
                      • Load and prepare the images.  
                      • Create game objects.  
                      • Create the game loop.  
                      • Add animation logic.  
                      • Add timing and control.  


                      2. How do I create animated sprites for a game screen?  

                      Creating animated sprites for a game screen involves several steps. Here's a general process you can follow:  

                      • Design your sprite. 
                      • Break down the animation.  
                      • Create individual frames.  
                      • Arrange frames into a sprite sheet.  
                      • Define animation timing.  
                      • Implement the animation.  
                      • Test and refine.  


                      3. What is the frame rate for pygame animation?  

                      The frame rate for animation is determined by the number of frames displayed per second. By default, Pygame does not impose a specific frame rate, allowing you to control it. You can set the desired frame rate by including a delay between frames in your game loop.  


                      4. How do I write a game loop to run an animation in Pygame?  

                      To create a game loop in Pygame to run an animation, you can follow these general steps:  

                      • Import the necessary Pygame modules. 
                      • Define the position, speed, and other necessary properties for your animation.  
                      • Create a main game loop using the while statement. This loop will update the game state and render the animation.  
                      • After the main loop, add the code to quit Pygame. 


                      5. Can you explain what a sprite sheet is and how one can be used in Pygame?  

                      A sprite sheet is an image file. It contains many smaller graphics or animation frames arranged in a grid-like structure. Here's a general approach for using a sprite sheet in Pygame:  

                      • Prepare the sprite sheet.  
                      • Load the sprite sheet.  
                      • Extract individual sprites.  
                      • Create sprite objects.  
                      • Animation and rendering. 

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