# How to create a violin plot with kernel density estimation using Matplotlib?

by sneha@openweaver.com Updated: Jul 24, 2023

Solution Kit

Matplotlib is a powerful data visualization in Python that provides a wide range of 2D plots. It is one of the most popular and used libraries for data visualization due to its flexibility, ease of use. It can generate various plots, including line plots, scatter plots, bar plots, and more. It allows you to visualize data clearly and concisely, easy to understand patterns.

Matplotlib offers a wide range of plot types to visualize different data types.

• Line Plots: Line plots as created connecting data points with straight lines. They are suitable for displaying trends and variations over continuous or sequential data. Line plots are often used to visualize time series data and stock prices.
• Scatter Plots: Scatter plots display individual data points as markers on a 2D plane. They are useful for visualizing the relationship between two continuous variables. Scatter plots can help identify patterns, clusters, outliers, or correlations between variables. Each data point can be custom with colors, sizes, or shapes based on more dimensions.
• Bar Plots: Bar plots represent data using rectangular bars with both width and length. They help with categorical or discrete data. It is where each category is associated with a value. Bar plots are effective in comparing different categories or displaying frequencies and counts.
• Histograms: Histograms display the distribution of a continuous variable showing the frequency. They provide insights into the underlying data distribution, including skewness and central tendency. Histograms are used in statistical analysis and data exploration.
• Pie Charts: Pie charts represent data as a circular graph divided into sectors. Pie charts are suitable for displaying parts of whole or relative proportions. Yet, they are less effective when comparing and displaying large numbers of categories.

Matplotlib is an indispensable tool for creating graphs and charts in Python. Its versatility and power make it suitable for various purposes, from data analysis. By leveraging Matplotlib's capabilities, users can create informative plots to communicate data insights. Embracing Matplotlib unleashes a world of possibilities in data visualization, driving better understanding.

Here is an example of creating a violin plot with kernel density estimation using Matplotlib.

Fig1: Preview of Output when the code is run in IDE.

### Code

In this solution we're creating a violin plot with kernel density estimation using Matplotlib.

### Instructions

Follow the steps carefully to get the output easily.

1. Install Jupyter Notebook on your computer.
2. Open terminal and install the required libraries with following commands.
3. Install Numpy - pip install numpy
4. Install matplotlib - pip install matplotlib
5. Import both numpy and matplolib before copying the code to avoid any errors.
6. To import numpy - import numpy as np.
7. To import matplotlib - import matplotlib.pyplot as plt.
8. Copy the snippet using the 'copy' button and paste it into that file.
9. Run the file using run button.

I hope you found this useful. I have added the link to dependent libraries, version information in the following sections.

I found this code snippet by searching for "Create a violin plot with kernel density estimation" in kandi. You can try any such use case!

### Dependent Libraries

numpyby numpy

Python 23755 Version:v1.25.0rc1

The fundamental package for scientific computing with Python.

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numpyby numpy

Python 23755 Version:v1.25.0rc1 License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)

The fundamental package for scientific computing with Python.
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matplotlibby matplotlib

Python 17559 Version:v3.7.1

matplotlib: plotting with Python

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matplotlibby matplotlib

matplotlib: plotting with Python
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You can also search for any dependent libraries on kandi like " numpy / matplotlib"

### Environment Tested

I tested this solution in the following versions. Be mindful of changes when working with other versions.

1. The solution is created in Python3.9.6.
2. The solution is tested on numpy 1.21.5 version.

Using this solution, we are able to create a violin plot with kernel density estimation using Matplotlib.

This process also facilities an easy to use, hassle free method to create a hands-on working version of code which would help us to create a violin plot with kernel density estimation using Matplotlib.

### Support

1. For any support on kandi solution kits, please use the chat
2. For further learning resources, visit the Open Weaver Community learning page.

### FAQ:

1. What is the Matplotlib violin plot function, and how does it work?

The Matplotlib library is a popular data visualization tool in Python. It provides a function called violin plot () that allows you to create violin plots. A violin plot combines a box plot and a kernel density plot. It is useful for displaying the distribution and summary statistics of a dataset.

The violin plot will consist of one or more violins representing a dataset. A violin includes the following components:

• A central line: This line represents the median of the dataset.
• A thickened area: This area represents the interquartile range (IQR). It spans from the 25th percentile (lower) to the 75th percentile (upper).
• Thin lines: It extends from the thickened area to the minimum and maximum values within a range.
• The width of the violin: The width of the violin represents the kernel density estimation. It shows the data distribution. Wider sections indicate higher data density.

2. How does a kernel density plot differ from a violin plot in Matplotlib?

A kernel density plot and a violin plot are both useful visualization techniques. But they represent different aspects of a dataset.

Kernel Density Plot:

• A kernel density plot is often abbreviated as a KDE plot. It represents the underlying probability density function of a continuous random variable. It provides a smooth estimate of the data distribution.
• The resulting plot displays a smooth curve that approximates the data distribution. It doesn't provide any summary statistics or show individual data points.

Violin Plot:

• A violin plot combines aspects of a box plot and a kernel density plot. It provides a visual representation of the data distribution and summary statistics.
• In Matplotlib, you can create a plot using the violinplot() function.
• The resulting plot displays one or more violins, each representing a dataset. It shows the median, quartiles, and whiskers as part of the summary statistics.

3. How do I add axis labels to my Matplotlib violin plots?

To add axis labels to the violin plot, you can use the xlabel() and ylabel() functions provided by Matplotlib. These functions allow you to specify the labels for the x-axis- and y-axis labels.

4. Are there any quartile values that should be included when making a Violin Plot?

The quartile values as they provide important summary statistics about the data distribution. The quartiles split the data into four equal parts. Each part will represent a quarter of the dataset.

• Lower Quartile: It is known as the 25th percentile; it represents the value below which 25% of the data falls. It is the lower boundary of the box in a box plot.
• Median: It is also known as the 50th percentile; it represents the value below which 50% of the data falls. It is depicted as a line within the violin plot.
• Upper Quartile: It is also known as the 75th percentile; it represents the value below which 75% of the data falls. It is the upper boundary of the box in a box plot.

It provides an understanding of the central tendency and data distribution spread. The width of the violin in a violin plot represents the density estimation of the data. During the quartiles and median, insights into a dataset location are offered.

5. What are some tips for creating your first Violin Plot using Matplotlib?

There are a few tips to create the first Violin plot using Matplotlib:

• Import the necessary libraries: Ensure you have Matplotlib installed. Then, import it into your Python script or Jupiter Notebook.
• Prepare your data: Organize your data in a suitable format. It can be a NumPy array, a Pandas Data Frame, or a list of arrays.
• Use sample data: If you do not have a specific dataset, you can generate random data using libraries.
• Customize the plot appearance: Matplotlib provides many options to customize the appearance. Experiment with parameters such as colors, line styles, widths, and transparency. It helps achieve the desired visual effect.
• Consider adding labels and titles: Add axis labels (xlabel(), ylabel()). It provides a clear understanding of the data represented.
• Start with basic options: Begin with the basic usage of the violinplot() function. Once you are comfortable with the basic plot, you can gradually explore. It will help incorporate extra parameters to enhance the plot's visual representation.
• Iterate and refine: Feel free to iterate and refine your plot. Experiment with different options, styles, and customizations. It helps find the most effective way to present your data.
• Seek inspiration and examples: Look for examples and tutorials online. It helps gain inspiration and learn from the work of others. Matplotlib's official documentation and the Matplotlib Gallery website are great resources. It explores various types of plots, including violin plots.
• Practice and experiment: Creating effective visualizations requires practice and experimentation. Keep exploring different datasets, variations in parameters, and data manipulation techniques. It helps build your skill in creating violin plots.

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