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How to Set Session Cookie in an HTTP request in Java

by vigneshchennai74 Updated: Jan 24, 2023

A session cookie is a type of cookie stored in a user's web browser and is only valid for the user's visit to a website. Once the user closes their web browser or navigates away from the site, the session cookie is deleted. 


Session cookies are frequently used to store transient data required for a user's visit to a website, including the items in their shopping cart or their preferred language. They are not kept on the user's computer and cannot be accessed once the session has finished. The Java HTTP Client can be used in various ways to set a session cookie. Typical use scenarios include: 

  • Persistent login sessions: A session cookie with a specific session ID may be set by the server when a user logs into a website. The user can then remain logged in to the website as long as the cookie is present by identifying themselves in subsequent requests. 
  • Tracking user behavior: Session cookies can be used to monitor a user's behavior on a website, including the pages they view and for how long. 
  • Keeping user choices in mind throughout visits to the site: Session cookies can be used to maintain user preferences across visits to the site, such as the language or theme that the user prefers. 
  • Enhancing performance: By saving frequently used information in a session cookie, fewer requests may be sent to the server, which improves the site's overall performance. 


Here is how you can set a session cookie with the Java HTTP Client: 

Preview of the output that you will get on running this code.

Code

In this solution we have used Http client function of the java.net library.

JavaLines of Code : 429License : CC BY-SA 4.0

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

        CookieHandler.setDefault(new CookieManager());

        HttpCookie sessionCookie = new HttpCookie("session", "53616c7465645f5f9d467d3ae831ec1b1e7289ef45d256224786e1ed13");
        sessionCookie.setPath("/");
        sessionCookie.setVersion(0);

        ((CookieManager) CookieHandler.getDefault()).getCookieStore().add(new URI("https://adventofcode.com"),
                sessionCookie);

        HttpClient client = HttpClient.newBuilder()
                .cookieHandler(CookieHandler.getDefault())
                .connectTimeout(Duration.ofSeconds(10))
                .build();

        HttpRequest req = HttpRequest.newBuilder()
                .uri(URI.create("https://adventofcode.com/2020/day/1/input"))
                .GET().build();


        System.out.println(client.send(req, HttpResponse.BodyHandlers.ofString()).body());

    }

INFO: HEADERS: HEADERS FRAME (stream=1)
    :authority: adventofcode.com
    :method: GET
    :path: /2020/day/1/input
    :scheme: https
    Cookie: session=53616c7465645f5f9d467....
    User-Agent: Java-http-client/11.0.7

INFO: HEADERS: HEADERS FRAME (stream=1)
    :authority: adventofcode.com
    :method: GET
    :path: /2020/day/1/input
    :scheme: https
    Cookie: $Version="1"
    Cookie: session="53616c7465645f5f9d467.....13";$Path="/"
    User-Agent: Java-http-client/11.0.7

-Djdk.httpclient.HttpClient.log=errors,requests,headers,frames[:control:data:window:all],content,ssl,trace,channel,all

jdk.internal.net.http.HttpClientImpl$SelectorManager run
INFO: CHANNEL: HttpClient-1-SelectorManager: starting
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:39 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange requestFilters
INFO: MISC: Applying request filters
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:39 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange requestFilters
INFO: MISC: Applying jdk.internal.net.http.AuthenticationFilter@49ec71f8
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:39 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange requestFilters
INFO: MISC: Applying jdk.internal.net.http.RedirectFilter@8f4ea7c
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:39 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange requestFilters
INFO: MISC: Applying jdk.internal.net.http.CookieFilter@436813f3
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:39 EM jdk.internal.net.http.CookieFilter request
INFO: MISC: Request: adding cookies for https://adventofcode.com/2020/day/1/input
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:39 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange requestFilters
INFO: MISC: All filters applied
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:39 EM jdk.internal.net.http.AbstractAsyncSSLConnection createSSLParameters
INFO: SSL: AbstractAsyncSSLConnection: Setting application protocols: [h2, http/1.1]
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:39 EM jdk.internal.net.http.AbstractAsyncSSLConnection <init>
INFO: SSL: SSLParameters:
    cipher: TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
    cipher: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
    cipher: TLS_EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV
    application protocol: h2
    application protocol: http/1.1
    protocol: TLSv1.3
    protocol: TLSv1.2
    endpointIdAlg: HTTPS
    server name: type=host_name (0), value=adventofcode.com

nov. 04, 2021 3:35:39 EM jdk.internal.net.http.HttpClientImpl registerTimer
INFO: MISC: Registering timer ConnectTimerEvent, TimeoutEvent[id=1, duration=PT10S, deadline=2021-11-04T14:35:49.817109800Z]
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.SocketTube$InternalReadPublisher$InternalReadSubscription handleSubscribeEvent
INFO: CHANNEL: Start reading from java.nio.channels.SocketChannel[connected local=/100.120.31.175:57725 remote=adventofcode.com/54.166.48.177:443]
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.SocketTube$InternalWriteSubscriber startSubscription
INFO: CHANNEL: Start requesting bytes for writing to channel: java.nio.channels.SocketChannel[connected local=/100.120.31.175:57725 remote=adventofcode.com/54.166.48.177:443]
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.HttpClientImpl cancelTimer
INFO: MISC: Canceling timer ConnectTimerEvent, TimeoutEvent[id=1, duration=PT10S, deadline=2021-11-04T14:35:49.817109800Z]
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection <init>
INFO: MISC: Connection send window size 65 535 
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection sendConnectionPreface
INFO: MISC: /100.120.31.175:57725: start sending connection preface to adventofcode.com/54.166.48.177:443
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection sendConnectionPreface
INFO: FRAME: OUT: SETTINGS: length=30, streamid=0, flags=0  Settings: HEADER_TABLE_SIZE=16384 ENABLE_PUSH=1 MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS=100 INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE=16777216 MAX_FRAME_SIZE=16384 
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection sendConnectionPreface
INFO: MISC: PREFACE_BYTES sent
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection sendConnectionPreface
INFO: MISC: Settings Frame sent
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection sendConnectionPreface
INFO: CHANNEL: Sending initial connection window update frame: 33 488 897 (33 554 432 - 65 535)
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection encodeFrame
INFO: FRAME: OUT: WINDOW_UPDATE: length=4, streamid=0, flags=0  WindowUpdate: 33488897
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection sendConnectionPreface
INFO: MISC: finished sending connection preface
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream sendHeadersAsync
INFO: REQUEST: https://adventofcode.com/2020/day/1/input GET
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection encodeHeaders
INFO: HEADERS: HEADERS FRAME (stream=1)
    :authority: adventofcode.com
    :method: GET
    :path: /2020/day/1/input
    :scheme: https
    Cookie: session=53616c7465645f5f9d467d3ae831
    User-Agent: Java-http-client/11.0.7


nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection lambda$encodeFrames$9
INFO: FRAME: OUT: HEADERS: length=126, streamid=1, flags=END_STREAM END_HEADERS 
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream getResponseAsync
INFO: MISC: Response future (stream=1) is: jdk.internal.net.http.common.MinimalFuture@374f597e[Not completed] (id=43)
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection processFrame
INFO: FRAME: IN: SETTINGS: length=18, streamid=0, flags=0  Settings: MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS=128 INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE=65536 MAX_FRAME_SIZE=16777215 
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection encodeFrame
INFO: FRAME: OUT: SETTINGS: length=0, streamid=0, flags=ACK  Settings: 
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection processFrame
INFO: FRAME: IN: WINDOW_UPDATE: length=4, streamid=0, flags=0  WindowUpdate: 2147418112
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection processFrame
INFO: FRAME: IN: SETTINGS: length=0, streamid=0, flags=ACK  Settings: 
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection processFrame
INFO: FRAME: IN: HEADERS: length=118, streamid=1, flags=END_HEADERS 
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream$HeadersConsumer onDecoded
INFO: MISC: RECEIVED HEADER (streamid=1): :status: 200
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream$HeadersConsumer onDecoded
INFO: MISC: RECEIVED HEADER (streamid=1): date: Thu, 04 Nov 2021 14:35:40 GMT
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream$HeadersConsumer onDecoded
INFO: MISC: RECEIVED HEADER (streamid=1): content-type: text/plain
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream$HeadersConsumer onDecoded
INFO: MISC: RECEIVED HEADER (streamid=1): content-length: 990
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream$HeadersConsumer onDecoded
INFO: MISC: RECEIVED HEADER (streamid=1): server: Apache
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream$HeadersConsumer onDecoded
INFO: MISC: RECEIVED HEADER (streamid=1): server-ip: 172.31.16.87
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream$HeadersConsumer onDecoded
INFO: MISC: RECEIVED HEADER (streamid=1): vary: Accept-Encoding
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream$HeadersConsumer onDecoded
INFO: MISC: RECEIVED HEADER (streamid=1): strict-transport-security: max-age=300
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream incoming
INFO: MISC: handling response (streamid=1)
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream handleResponse
INFO: HEADERS: RESPONSE HEADERS:
    :status: 200
    content-length: 990
    content-type: text/plain
    date: Thu, 04 Nov 2021 14:35:40 GMT
    server: Apache
    server-ip: 172.31.16.87
    strict-transport-security: max-age=300
    vary: Accept-Encoding

nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream completeResponse
INFO: MISC: Completing response (streamid=1): jdk.internal.net.http.common.MinimalFuture@113d2103[Not completed, 1 dependents] (id=42)
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Exchange lambda$wrapForLog$11
INFO: RESPONSE: (GET https://adventofcode.com/2020/day/1/input) 200 HTTP_2 Local port:  57725
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange responseFilters
INFO: MISC: Applying response filters
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange responseFilters
INFO: MISC: Applying jdk.internal.net.http.CookieFilter@436813f3
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.CookieFilter response
INFO: MISC: Response: processing cookies for https://adventofcode.com/2020/day/1/input
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.CookieFilter response
INFO: MISC: Response: parsing cookies from {:status=[200], content-length=[990], content-type=[text/plain], date=[Thu, 04 Nov 2021 14:35:40 GMT], server=[Apache], server-ip=[172.31.16.87], strict-transport-security=[max-age=300], vary=[Accept-Encoding]}
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange responseFilters
INFO: MISC: Applying jdk.internal.net.http.RedirectFilter@8f4ea7c
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange responseFilters
INFO: MISC: Applying jdk.internal.net.http.AuthenticationFilter@49ec71f8
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.MultiExchange responseFilters
INFO: MISC: All filters applied
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream readBodyAsync
INFO: MISC: Reading body on stream 1
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection processFrame
INFO: FRAME: IN: DATA: length=990, streamid=1, flags=0 
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream schedule
INFO: MISC: responseSubscriber.onNext 990
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Http2Connection processFrame
INFO: FRAME: IN: DATA: length=0, streamid=1, flags=END_STREAM 
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream schedule
INFO: MISC: responseSubscriber.onComplete
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nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream close
INFO: MISC: Closing stream 1
nov. 04, 2021 3:35:40 EM jdk.internal.net.http.Stream close
INFO: MISC: Stream 1 closed

Process finished with exit code 0
  1. Copy the Code by clicking "Copy" button above , and paste it in your Java IDE
  2. Add the java.net Library to run the code
  3. Run the code to get the output


I hope you found this useful. I have added the Dependent Libraries and versions information in the following sections

i found this code snippet by searching "Setting a session cookie with the Java HttpClient".

Dependent Library

http-requestby kevinsawicki

Java star image 3288 Version:6.0

License: Permissive (MIT)

Java HTTP Request Library

Support
Quality
Security
License
Reuse

http-requestby kevinsawicki

Java star image 3288 Version:6.0 License: Permissive (MIT)

Java HTTP Request Library
Support
Quality
Security
License
Reuse

If you don't have the java Http library to run this code ,you can install it just by clicking the Http request library.

you can search any Library like Http in Kandi.

Environment Test

I tested this solution in the following versions. Be mindful of changes when working with other versions.


  1. I have created and executed the solution in java eclipse 19.0.1
  2. I have tested in java Http version 4.2.3


In this solution we are going to parse Nested XML with same tag name using Jsoup in java with simple steps. This process also facilities an easy to use, hassle free method to create a hands-on working version of code which would help us parse Nested XML with same tag name using Jsoup.

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