How to remove nodes in Networkx

share link

by vigneshchennai74 dot icon Updated: Oct 12, 2023

technology logo
technology logo

Solution Kit Solution Kit  

The `remove_node` function in NetworkX is a powerful tool. It makes it easy to remove nodes. Let's delve into the different aspects of this function.  

Types of Nodes that we can remove:  

You can remove various types of nodes from a NetworkX graph, including:  

  • Single-node removal: We can do so by specifying the node's name. In this case, 'G' represents the input graph, and 'node_name' is the name of the node you want to remove.   
  • Many Nodes Removal: It helps iterate through the list and call the `G.remove_node(node)` you want to remove.  

Options Available for Node Removal:  

  • NetworkX provides several options and functionalities when removing nodes. Removing a node using G.remove_node(node) removes all the edges connected to each node. This ensures that the graph remains consistent after we remove the node.  
  • If your graph contains edge attributes, NetworkX provides the flexibility. It helps specify how we should handle this data during node removal. This allows you to customize the treatment of edge attributes. You can choose whether to keep or discard edge attributes based on your requirements.  
  • After removing nodes, you can extract subgraphs from the modified graph. This allows you to focus on and analyze specific components of the graph with ease.  

Tips for Using `remove_node`:  

  • Backup: Creating a duplicate of your graph before removing nodes is good practice. You should follow it mainly to preserve the original graph structure.  
  • Proceed with Caution: When removing nodes, go through the list. Removing nodes can impact the graph's connectivity.   

Key Points:  

  • NetworkX's `remove_node` capability is a crucial tool for graph manipulation.  
  • It supports the removal of both single and many nodes.  
  • Removing a node also removes its associated edges, maintaining graph integrity.  
  • You have some control over the treatment of edge data during removal.  
  • Backing up your original graph before making significant changes.  


In summary, NetworkX's `remove_node` capability plays a significant role in graph analysis. If you are working on a model, knowing how to remove nodes helps explore network structures. It helps conduct network algorithms focusing on complex network analyses using NetworkX.  

Preview of the output that you will get on running this code from your IDE


In this solution, we have used networkx library

  1. Download and install VS Code on your desktop.
  2. Open VS Code and create a new file in the editor.
  3. Copy the code snippet that you want to run, using the "Copy" button or by selecting the text and using the copy command (Ctrl+C on Windows/Linux or Cmd+C on Mac).,
  4. Paste the code into your file in VS Code, and save the file with a meaningful name and the appropriate file extension for Python use (.py).file extension.
  5. To run the code, open the file in VS Code and click the "Run" button in the top menu, or use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Alt+N (on Windows and Linux) or Cmd+Alt+N (on Mac). The output of your code will appear in the VS Code output console.
  6. Paste the code into your file in VS Code.
  7. Save the file with a meaningful name and the appropriate file extension for Python use (.py).
  8. Install networkx Library: Open your command prompt or terminal.
  9. Type the following command and press Enter: pip install networkx
  10. Run the Code

I hope this is useful to you. I have added the version information in the following section.

I found this code snippet by searching " How to remove nodes by both name and condition for Networkx?" in Kandi. you can try any use case.

Environment Tested

I tested this solution in the following versions. Please be aware of any changes when working with other versions.

  1. The solution is created and tested using Vscode 1.77.2 version
  2. The solution is created in Python 3.7.15 version
  3. The solution is created in networkx 3.1 version

Using this code, we remove nodes using networkx function. This process also facilitates an easy-to-use, hassle-free method to create a hands-on working version of code which would help to remove nodes using networkx in Python.

Dependent Library

networkxby networkx

Python doticonstar image 12745 doticonVersion:networkx-3.1doticon
License: Others (Non-SPDX)

Network Analysis in Python


            networkxby networkx

            Python doticon star image 12745 doticonVersion:networkx-3.1doticon License: Others (Non-SPDX)

            Network Analysis in Python

                      If you do not have the networkx which is required to run this code, you can install it by clicking on the above link and copying the pip Install command from the networkx page in Kandi.

                      You can search for any dependent library on Kandi like networkx 


                      What methods can we use for Removing Nodes in NetworkX?  

                      NetworkX provides several methods for removing nodes from a graph. such as remove_node, remove_nodes_from, and clear. These functions allow you to remove individual nodes as many nodes from a list.   


                      How do we present a multiline adjacency list in NetworkX? 

                      You can create a graph using the nx.parse_multiline_adjlist function. It is where each line in the input file represents a node and its adjacent nodes.   


                      How to create an Empty Graph in NetworkX? 

                      An empty graph in NetworkX is a graph with no nodes or edges. You can create one using the nx.Graph() constructor for an undirected graph.  


                      How do you modify a graph in NetworkX? 

                      You can change a graph by adding or removing nodes and edges. You can also do so by changing node attributes or updating edge properties. NetworkX offers versatile methods to manipulate graphs based on your requirements.   


                      How to remove a single node in NetworkX? 

                      You can use the remove_node method. For example, if you have a graph G, you can remove a node named node_name with G.remove_node(node_name). This will also remove all edges connected to the node. 


                      1. For any support on kandi solution kits, please use the chat
                      2. For further learning resources, visit the Open Weaver Community learning page.

                      See similar Kits and Libraries