how to use grid layout in Kivy

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by dot icon Updated: Sep 6, 2023

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A Kivy Grid Layout is a layout manager provided by the Kivy Library. Kivy mainly focuses on creating user interfaces for various platforms, including desktops.  


The Grid Layout is one of the layout managers. It offers to help developers arrange and organize child widgets within their applications. In a Grid Layout, arrange widgets in a grid-like structure. Each widget occupies a specific cell in the grid.  


You can accomplish this by setting the width and height of the columns and rows. Then, you can add widgets to specific cells in the grid. The available space within that row or column resizes widgets added to the same row or column to fit. This type of layout is useful for creating organized, grid-like arrangements of widgets.  


To use a Kivy Grid Layout in your application,  

  • You typically define the layout configuration,  
  • Create instances of widgets and  
  • Add those widgets to the specified cells in the grid.  
  • Add the Grid Layout to the main application window or another layout manager.  


Based on the grid structure, we will render and arrange the widgets. A Kivy Grid Layout is a useful tool for making app user interfaces. It deals with situations that need a grid-like arrangement of widgets.  

Fig: Preview of the output that you will get on running this code from your IDE


In this solution we are using kivy library


Follow the steps carefully to get the output easily.

  1. Download and Install the PyCharm Community Edition on your computer.
  2. Open the terminal and install the required libraries with the following commands.
  3. Install Kivy - pip install Kivy
  4. Create a new Python file on your IDE.
  5. Copy the snippet using the 'copy' button and paste it into your python file.
  6. Run the current file to generate the output.

I hope you found this useful.

I found this code snippet by searching for ' How to use GridLayout using kivy in python?' in Kandi. You can try any such use case!

Environment tested

I tested this solution in the following versions. Be mindful of changes when working with other versions.

  1. PyCharm Community Edition 2023.1
  2. The solution is created in Python 3.11.1 Version
  3. Kivy 2.2.0 Version

Using this solution, we can able to use grid layout in kivy with simple steps. This process also facilities an easy way to use, hassle-free method to create a hands-on working version of code which would help us to use grid layout in kivy.

Dependency library

kivyby kivy

Python doticonstar image 15962 doticonVersion:2.2.0doticon
License: Permissive (MIT)

Open source UI framework written in Python, running on Windows, Linux, macOS, Android and iOS


            kivyby kivy

            Python doticon star image 15962 doticonVersion:2.2.0doticon License: Permissive (MIT)

            Open source UI framework written in Python, running on Windows, Linux, macOS, Android and iOS

                      You can search for any dependent library on kandi like ' Kivy '.


                      1. How do you create a child widget in Kivy's GridLayout using Python code?  

                      In Kivy, you can create a child widget within a GridLayout using Python code. First, define the Grid Layout and create an instance of the desired widget.  


                      Here's a step-by-step guide on how to do this:  

                      • Import Necessary Modules:  
                      • Create the GridLayout  
                      • Create Child Widgets  
                      • Add Child Widgets to GridLayout  
                      • Run the Application  


                      2. Can you explain how width and row work together in Kivy's GridLayout?  

                      The width and row properties in Kivy's GridLayout decide the size and position of a widget in the grid. When you combine these properties within a GridLayout, here's what happens:  

                      • If you set the width property of a widget, Kivy will attempt to honor that width. The widget in the grid column will attempt to occupy the specified width.   
                      • If you don't set the width property of a widget, it will expand to fill the available width of its grid cell. The width of the widget will be the same as the width of the column it's placed in.  
                      • When you use the row property to place a widget in a specific row and column, it positions the widget in that grid cell. The widget's width affects how much space it takes up horizontally in the cell.  


                      3. What are the main features of the layout class when it comes to designing a grid layout?  

                      Certain features are important for creating attractive grid-based user interfaces. These features help you control widgets' arrangement, sizing, and behavior. Here are the main features of the layout class when designing a grid layout:  

                      • Rows and Columns   
                      • Cell Sizing   
                      • Spacing   
                      • Alignment  
                      • Cell Spanning  

                      4. What constraints should I consider when creating a grid layout for the best results?  

                      Consider input restrictions to get good results when making a grid layout in Kivy. Here are some key input constraints to keep in mind when designing a grid layout:   

                      • Screen Size and Orientation  
                      • Touch Targets  
                      • Responsive Design  
                      • Font Size and Legibility  


                      5. How can I use def build() to construct my Kivy grid layout with Python code?  

                      In Kivy, you can use the def build() method to construct your Kivy grid layout with Python code. The build() method is a special method for Kivy apps. It's where you define the main widget of your interface.  


                      The Grid LayoutApp class defines the build() method. Inside the build() method:  

                      • We create an instance of GridLayout with two rows and two columns.  
                      • We create instances of labels to serve as child widgets.  
                      • The GridLayout uses the add_widget() method to add each label widget.  
                      • The build() method returns the GridLayout instance, making it the root widget of the UI.  


                      When you run the application using GridLayoutApp(). When run(), the build() method is automatically called to create and display the grid layout.  


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