How to use regression plot functions in seaborn

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by gayathrimohan dot icon Updated: Aug 31, 2023

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A regression plot shows how two variables relate to each other. We use it to understand the connection between the dependent and independent variables. In statistics and data analysis, we use regression plots. People use it to identify trends and patterns. Also, to make predictions based on the observed relationships between variables. We can understand the trend and use this line to predict new data points.  


Researchers use regression plots to visualize the relationship between variables in a dataset. Also, to help understand the nature of their association.   

Several types of regression plot:   

  • Linear Regression Plot: This displays the relationship between two variables. Using a straight line does it. The plot includes the data points and the fitted line representing the best linear fit to the data.  
  • Nonlinear Regression Plot: It visually represents the nonlinear relationship between variables. A straight line cannot describe this. Instead, they involve fitting a nonlinear function to the data.   
  • Residual Plot: To assess the integrity of fit of a regression model, you can use a residual plot. It shows the differences between the observed data points and the predicted values.  
  • Partial Regression Plot: It is also known as an added variable plot. It helps to understand the individual contribution of a particular predictor. This is after accounting for the influence of other variables.  
  • Cook's Distance Plot: It is a measure of the influence of individual data points. This helps identify potential outliers that could affect the model's parameters.  
  • Leverage-Residual Plot: This plot combines information from the leverage and the residuals.   
  • Heteroscedasticity Plot: It refers to the uneven spread of residuals. It is across the range of predictor variables.   
  • Time Series Plot: When dealing with time series data, displays the data points over time. It helps visualize trends, patterns, and potential seasonality in the data.  

Regression models are statistical tools used to analyze relationships between variables.   

Various types of regression models:  

  • Simple Regression: Simple regression involves one dependent variable and one independent variable. It aims to find a linear relationship between these variables.   
  • Many Regressions: This extends the concept of simple regression. Incorporating many independent variables allows us to predict a dependent variable. It helps analyze how several predictors influence the outcome.  
  • Polynomial Regression: This type of regression allows for nonlinear relationships. By using polynomial equations, we fit the data. It's helpful when a straight line doesn't represent the relationship.  
  • Ridge Regression: It is a form of linear regression. That adds a regularization term to the traditional least squares aim. This helps prevent overfitting by penalizing large coefficients.  
  • Lasso Regression: Lasso (The Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator) regression. It is like ridge regression.   
  • Elastic Net Regression: Elastic Net combines both ridge and lasso regularization techniques.   
  • Logistic Regression: Despite its name, logistic regression performs binary classification tasks.   
  • Poisson Regression: Researchers use Poisson Regression to analyze data that involves counting. It also follows a Poisson distribution. It helps in modeling event rates, such as the number of customer arrivals at a certain time.  
  • Time Series Regression: When the data has a time component, we use Time Series Regression. It models how the dependent variable changes over time. In response to changes in independent variables, we do this.  
  • Nonlinear Regression: It captures relationships that linear equations cannot account for. They can take various forms, such as exponential, logarithmic, or sigmoidal.  

Creating a regression plot involves several steps. Here's a general outline:  

  • Data Selection: Choose the dataset you want to analyze. This dataset should consist of paired values. One variable is the independent variable (X), and the other is the dependent variable (Y).  
  • Data Preparation: Clean and preprocess the data. This involves handling missing values and outliers. We do this to ensure that the data meets the assumptions of regression analysis.  
  • Visualization: Create a scatter plot. Put the independent variable (X) on the x-axis and the dependent variable (Y) on the y-axis. This initial plot helps you visualize the relationship between the two variables.  
  • Choosing Regression Model: Common types include linear regression and polynomial regression. Also include other specialized models like logistic regression.  
  • Model Fitting: Use software or programming tools. Use the regression model to calculate values to find the relationship between X and Y.  
  • Plotting the Regression Line: Superimpose the regression line on the scatter plot. This line represents the model's predictions for Y based on the given values of X.  
  • Assessing Model Fit: Test the goodness of fit of your model. This can involve calculating metrics. They are like R-squared, which indicates how well the model explains the variation in the data. A higher R-squared value generally indicates a better fit.  
  • Interpretation: Interpret the results. Depending on the regression type, the model coefficients provide insights. Researchers have analyzed the relationship between the variables. For linear regression, the slope represents the change in Y for a unit change in X.  
  • Prediction: Use the fitted model to predict new or unseen data points. Plug in the X-values into the model to estimate corresponding Y-values.  
  • Visualization: Update your scatter plot to include the regression line. If necessary, prediction intervals show the uncertainty around your predictions.  


In conclusion, regression plots play a pivotal role in data analysis. By offering valuable insights, we can help identify issues within a system. This contributes to informed decision-making. Furthermore, regression plots clearly show how one variable influence another. This aids in making accurate predictions. People use it to understand the impact of changes.   

Fig : Preview of the output that you will get on running this code from your IDE.


In this solution we are using seaborn library of Python.


Follow the steps carefully to get the output easily.

  1. Download and Install the PyCharm Community Edition on your computer.
  2. Open the terminal and install the required libraries with the following commands.
  3. Install seaborn - pip install seaborn.
  4. Install scipy - pip install scipy.
  5. Create a new Python file on your IDE.
  6. Copy the snippet using the 'copy' button and paste it into your Python file.
  7. Run the current file to generate the output.

I hope you found this useful.

I found this code snippet by searching for 'How to use regression plot functions in seaborn' in Kandi. You can try any such use case!

Environment Tested

I tested this solution in the following versions. Be mindful of changes when working with other versions.

  1. PyCharm Community Edition 2022.3.1
  2. The solution is created in Python 3.11.1 Version
  3. seaborn v0.12.2 Version
  4. scipy v1.11.2 Version

Using this solution, we can able to use regression plot functions in seaborn in Python with simple steps. This process also facilities an easy way to use, hassle-free method to create a hands-on working version of code which would help us to use regression plot functions in seaborn in Python.

Dependent Libraries

seabornby mwaskom

Python doticonstar image 10797 doticonVersion:v0.12.2doticon
License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)

Statistical data visualization in Python


            seabornby mwaskom

            Python doticon star image 10797 doticonVersion:v0.12.2doticon License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)

            Statistical data visualization in Python

                      scipyby scipy

                      Python doticonstar image 11340 doticonVersion:v1.11.0rc1doticon
                      License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)

                      SciPy library main repository


                                scipyby scipy

                                Python doticon star image 11340 doticonVersion:v1.11.0rc1doticon License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)

                                SciPy library main repository

                                          You can search for any dependent library on 'seaborn' and 'scipy'.


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                                          1. What is a seaborn regplot, and how does it differ from linear regression model fit?  

                                          Seaborn.regplot is a function provided by the Seaborn library. Matplotlib builds it on top. A linear regression model fit involves fitting a linear regression model.  


                                          Seaborn.regplot is a tool that shows a scatter plot and a regression line together. This is for a better understanding of the data. At the same time, a linear regression model fit is a statistical method. This is for modeling the relationship between variables based on their numerical properties.  


                                          2. How do you plot a linear regression line in Seaborn?  

                                          You can use the seaborn to plot a linear regression line in Seaborn.lmplot() function.   


                                          Here's an example code snippet:  

                                          import seaborn as sns   

                                          import matplotlib.pyplot as plt  

                                          # Create a Seaborn scatter plot with a linear regression line   


                                          tips = sns.load_dataset("tips")   

                                          sns.lmplot(x="total_bill", y="tip", data=tips)  

                                          # Show the plot   



                                          In this example, x and y are the variables you want to plot, and data is the dataset containing those variables. The lmplot() function adds a linear regression line to the scatter plot. 


                                          3. How does Clustering's Scatter Plot help visualize data in Seaborn?  

                                          This helps you see data by showing each data point on a 2D plane. The position of each point shows its feature values. This plot is particularly useful for visualizing the results of clustering algorithms. They are like k-means or hierarchical clustering. 


                                          Data points that are close to each other in the scatter plot. It often belonged to the same cluster. It helps you identify patterns and groupings in your data. Colors or markers can distinguish different clusters. You can make it easier to understand the structure of your data. This can assess the effectiveness of your clustering algorithm.   


                                          4. Is there a dedicated library for plotting logistic regression models using Seaborn?  

                                          Seaborn doesn't have a dedicated function for plotting logistic regression models. But you can use the seaborn.regplot() function to visualize logistic regression. To do so, you'll need to pass the logistic keyword argument. Also, set the y values as the predicted probabilities. Your logistic regression model does this.   


                                          Here's an example:  

                                          import seaborn as sns   

                                          import matplotlib.pyplot as plt   

                                          import numpy as np   

                                          from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression  

                                          # Generate example data   


                                          X = np.random.randn(100, 2)   

                                          y = (X[:, 0] + X[:, 1] > 0).astype(int)  

                                          # Fit logistic regression model   

                                          model = LogisticRegression()   

                                , y)  

                                          # Create a scatter plot with a logistic regression line   


                                          sns.regplot(x=X[:, 0], y=y, logistic=True, scatter_kws= {'s': 50})   



                                          In this example, X represents your feature data. Y represents your target binary outcome. Remember that this is a basic example; you can adapt it to your specific data and model.  


                                          5. What is the Scikit module used for when working with Seaborn?  

                                          Scikit-learn (or Scikit) is not used with Seaborn. Scikit-learn is a machine-learning library in Python. Tasks use it. They are classification, regression, and clustering. Seaborn is a data visualization library.  


                                          Matplotlib builds on top of that. It creates attractive statistical graphics. At the same time, users can use them together in a broader data analysis pipeline.  


                                          They serve different purposes:  

                                          • Scikit-learn for machine learning tasks.   
                                          • Seaborn for data visualization.  

                                          See similar Kits and Libraries