How to access the content of a response using Requests

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by vsasikalabe dot icon Updated: Aug 29, 2023

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We use Python requests to retrieve content from a specified resource URI. Whenever we create a request to a particular URI through Python, it returns a response object. 


Users use it to access content and headers. It is often necessary to authenticate with a server to access certain resources. Requests are not a part of the Python Standard Library. So, you need to download and install it. Requests is the most downloaded Python package. Requests are currently based on repositories. Requests, a library built for human beings, is an elegant and simple HTTP library in Python. The HTTP protocol uses the HTTP response code. It determines the specific error handler.   


HTTP clients {web browsers or mobile applications) send requests to an HTTP server. This server responds to them with information, including a status line, a header, and a body. Requests give built-in support for working with proxies. It enables you to route your requests through different IP addresses. It uses the 'proxies' parameter. Proxy requires authentication. 


To use a proxy, include the username and password in the URL. This will route the request through the specified proxy. We use the requests module to send HTTP requests. It is useful for interacting with web APIs or web scraping. GET requests are for reading data only (without making a change to something). But POST and PUT requests generally are for modifying data on the server.   


Sending a DELETE request is similar to sending any other HTTP request. We can use the response.json() function to convert the JSON data if the request is successful. If an error has occurred, respond.raise_for_status() returns an HTTPError object. We use response codes as boolean values. It is useful for checking whether the response was successful. We can define the URL for the API endpoint. Using the headers argument, we have done this.   


API sends HTTP requests easily. It supports a variety of HTTP methods, including GET, PUT, DELETE, HEAD, OPTIONS, and PATCH. Requests. It allows you to send HTTP/HTTPS requests to a website. It returns the response, unlike BeautifulSoup. It gives the ability to take out data from HTML and XML documents. 


A single web page creates many requests to load images, scripts, and stylesheets. I performed a single request to get the HTML data. We can define the authentication credentials by the basic authentication method. We provide a username and password. The response content is in JSON format. The response displays the key-value pairs passed through the argument.  


The API key is a lightweight authentication method because it's joined to the end of the request URL. To download large applications, use the requests.get() method to send a GET request to the URL. It can define its own User-Agent header by subclassing. The method sends a POST request to the specified URL to upload a file. We can get files from URLs or send files to a server. 


The property has a special dictionary created only for HTTP headers. So, you can process each item using its key. Using an appropriate header, we can get the server with the preferred format, such as JSON or XML. It also continues cookies across all requests created from the Session instance. This will use urllib3's connection pooling. The secure site over HTTP is establishing an encrypted connection using SSL. 


It means that verifying the target server's SSL Certificate is complex. Authenticating users in web apps is important for giving them access to the right stuff. Many PUT requests will overwrite the same resource. GET will send extra information to a web server through parameters and headers. It encodes the server responses, detects errors, and handles redirects.    


It is a powerful module that makes it easy to process the resources of web services. It delivers TCP/IP connections for exchanging requests and response information. We can create a GET request to download a file. Catch the response and then export that response to a local file on our System. There is no need to add query strings to URLs or to form-encode your POST data. Requests always support Python 3.7+ and run great on PyPy.   

Preview of the output that you will get on running this code from your IDE.


In this solution, we used the Requests library.


Follow the steps carefully to get the output easily.

  1. Download and Install the PyCharm Community Edition on your computer.
  2. Open the terminal and install the required libraries with the following commands.
  3. Install Requests - pip install Requests.
  4. Create a new Python file on your IDE.
  5. Copy the snippet using the 'copy' button and paste it into your Python file.
  6. Run the current file to generate the output.

I hope you found this useful. I have added the link to dependent libraries, and version information in the following sections.

I found this code snippet by searching for ' Updating requests Response content in Python ' in Kandi. You can try any such use case!

Environment Tested

I tested this solution in the following versions. Be mindful of changes when working with other versions.

  1. The solution is created in PyCharm 2022.3.
  2. The solution is tested on Python 3.11.1
  3. Requests version- 2.31.0

Using this solution, we are able to access the content of a response using Requests with simple steps. This process also facilities an easy way to use, hassle-free method to create a hands-on working version of code which would help us to access the content of a response using Requests.

Dependent Libraries

requestsby psf

Python doticonstar image 49787 doticonVersion:v2.31.0doticon
License: Permissive (Apache-2.0)

A simple, yet elegant, HTTP library.


            requestsby psf

            Python doticon star image 49787 doticonVersion:v2.31.0doticon License: Permissive (Apache-2.0)

            A simple, yet elegant, HTTP library.

                      If you do not have the Requests library that is required to run this code, you can install them by clicking on the above link.

                      You can search for any dependent library on Kandi like Requests.


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                      1. What is the Python requests library? And how does it compare to other libraries in the Python Standard Library?   

                      The requests are the de facto standard library for creating HTTP requests in Python. It clears up the complexities of making requests. The API is lovely and easy to use. It lets us interact with services and use data in our app.   


                      2. How would you describe the "elegant and simple HTTP library" that is the requests module?   

                      In Python, Requests is an elegant and simple HTTP library built for human beings. HTTP/1.1 requests use it. We may not add query strings to our URLs or form-encode our POST data. We use keep-alive and make HTTP connection pooling 100% automatic.   


                      3. How can I send an HTTP POST request using the Python requests library?   

                      We should call the method to send a POST request using the Python Requests Library. We pass the target URL as the first parameter and the POST data with the data parameter.   


                      4. What is an HTTP Error, and what causes one to use this library?   

                      HTTP Error is a class in Python. The urllib library represents an HTTP error. When the server receives a status code indicating an error, like 4xx or 5xx, it creates an HTTP Error.   


                      5. What are response status codes when using this library for web development?   

                      response.status_code returns a number that creates the status (200 is OK, 404 is Not Found). Developers use Python requests to fetch the content from a specified resource URI. While requesting a URI through Python, it returns a response object. This response object can access features like content and headers. 

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