requests | A simple , yet elegant , HTTP library | HTTP library

 by   psf Python Version: 2.31.0 License: Apache-2.0

kandi X-RAY | requests Summary

kandi X-RAY | requests Summary

requests is a Python library typically used in Networking, HTTP applications. requests has no bugs, it has no vulnerabilities, it has build file available, it has a Permissive License and it has medium support. You can install using 'pip install requests' or download it from GitHub, PyPI.

Requests is a simple, yet elegant, HTTP library.

            kandi-support Support

              requests has a medium active ecosystem.
              It has 49787 star(s) with 9111 fork(s). There are 1350 watchers for this library.
              There were 1 major release(s) in the last 12 months.
              There are 202 open issues and 3574 have been closed. On average issues are closed in 88 days. There are 76 open pull requests and 0 closed requests.
              It has a neutral sentiment in the developer community.
              The latest version of requests is 2.31.0

            kandi-Quality Quality

              requests has 0 bugs and 0 code smells.

            kandi-Security Security

              requests has no vulnerabilities reported, and its dependent libraries have no vulnerabilities reported.
              requests code analysis shows 0 unresolved vulnerabilities.
              There are 0 security hotspots that need review.

            kandi-License License

              requests is licensed under the Apache-2.0 License. This license is Permissive.
              Permissive licenses have the least restrictions, and you can use them in most projects.

            kandi-Reuse Reuse

              requests releases are available to install and integrate.
              Deployable package is available in PyPI.
              Build file is available. You can build the component from source.
              Installation instructions are not available. Examples and code snippets are available.
              requests saves you 2874 person hours of effort in developing the same functionality from scratch.
              It has 6558 lines of code, 633 functions and 39 files.
              It has medium code complexity. Code complexity directly impacts maintainability of the code.

            Top functions reviewed by kandi - BETA

            kandi has reviewed requests and discovered the below as its top functions. This is intended to give you an instant insight into requests implemented functionality, and help decide if they suit your requirements.
            • Send a request
            • Add headers to the request
            • Extract cookies from a response and put them into a jar
            • Build a response object
            • Handle 401 response
            • Prepare the cookie header
            • Builds the digest header
            • Return information about the system
            • Return the Python implementation
            • Make a PATCH request
            • Make a HEAD request
            • Returns the value for the given key
            • Return default headers
            • Make a GET request
            • Check if the given cryptography version is older than one
            • Check the status of the HTTP request
            • Make a PUT request
            • Create a PreparedRequest object
            • Return the content of the response
            • Get the full URL
            • Check urllib3 compatibility
            • Parse a list header
            • Return a unicode object from a response
            • Make a POST request
            • Send a PATCH request
            • Return a dictionary of links in the response
            Get all kandi verified functions for this library.

            requests Key Features

            No Key Features are available at this moment for requests.

            requests Examples and Code Snippets

            Tutorial 2: Requests and Responses-How's it looking?
            Pythondot img1Lines of Code : 49dot img1License : Non-SPDX (NOASSERTION)
            copy iconCopy
            HTTP/1.1 200 OK
                "id": 1,
                "title": "",
                "code": "foo = \"bar\"\n",
                "linenos": false,
                "language": "python",
                "style": "friendly"
                "id": 2,
                "title": "",
                "code": "p  
            Tutorial 2: Requests and Responses-Pulling it all together
            Pythondot img2Lines of Code : 47dot img2License : Non-SPDX (NOASSERTION)
            copy iconCopy
            from rest_framework import status
            from rest_framework.decorators import api_view
            from rest_framework.response import Response
            from snippets.models import Snippet
            from snippets.serializers import SnippetSerializer
            @api_view(['GET', 'POST'])
            def snip  
            APIRequestFactory-Creating test requests
            Pythondot img3Lines of Code : 18dot img3License : Non-SPDX (NOASSERTION)
            copy iconCopy
            from rest_framework.test import APIRequestFactory
            # Using the standard RequestFactory API to create a form POST request
            factory = APIRequestFactory()
            request ='/notes/', {'title': 'new idea'})
            # Create a JSON POST request
            factory = AP  
            copy iconCopy
            public static Long fanOutFanIn(
                  final List requests, final Consumer consumer) {
                ExecutorService service = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(requests.size());
                // fanning out
                List> futures =
            copy iconCopy
            import requests
            from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
            url = ""
            results = requests.get(url).text
            doc = BeautifulSoup(results, "html.parser")
            tbody = doc.tbody
            trs = tbody.sel
            How to display all the values of the categorical variable using Plotly Choropleth
            Pythondot img6Lines of Code : 45dot img6License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            import requests
            import pandas as pd
            import numpy as np
            import as px
            state = requests.get(
            data = pd.read_csv(
            BeautifulSoup4 - AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'get_text'
            Pythondot img7Lines of Code : 13dot img7License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            import json
            import requests
            url = ""
            data = requests.get(url).json()
            # uncomment to print all 
            How can I distribute member to it's role on python in bs4 + lxml from site?
            Pythondot img8Lines of Code : 15dot img8License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            import requests
            from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
            url = ""
            soup = BeautifulSoup(requests.get(url).content, "html.parser")
            for member in".team__list .member__subtitle"):
                print(member.text, "-", member
            Python / Discord MEE6 - Use python to get a user's level on the MEE6 discord bot
            Pythondot img9Lines of Code : 6dot img9License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            import requests
            r = requests.get(f'{your_guild_id}')
            players_json = r.json()['players']
            player_level = [i for i in players_json if i['id'] == str(user_id)][0]['level']
            How to make flask handle 25k request per second like express.js
            Pythondot img10Lines of Code : 5dot img10License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            gunicorn -w 4 --threads 100 -b your_project:app
            pip install gevent
            gunicorn -w 4 -k gevent --worker-connections 1000 -b your_project:app

            Community Discussions


            I can't update my webapp to Spring Boot 2.6.0 (2.5.7 works but 2.6.0 doesn't)
            Asked 2022-Apr-05 at 04:24

            As mentioned in the title I can't update my webapp to Spring Boot 2.6.0. I wrote my webapp using Spring Boot 2.5.5 and everything works perfectly. If I update the pom.xml file with this new tag:



            Answered 2021-Nov-23 at 00:04

            Starting on Spring Boot 2.6, circular dependencies are prohibited by default. you can allow circular references again by setting the following property:



            Python/Docker ImportError: cannot import name 'json' from itsdangerous
            Asked 2022-Mar-31 at 12:49

            I am trying to get a Flask and Docker application to work but when I try and run it using my docker-compose up command in my Visual Studio terminal, it gives me an ImportError called ImportError: cannot import name 'json' from itsdangerous. I have tried to look for possible solutions to this problem but as of right now there are not many on here or anywhere else. The only two solutions I could find are to change the current installation of MarkupSafe and itsdangerous to a higher version: and another one on GitHub that tells me to essentially change the MarkUpSafe and itsdangerous installation again, I have also tried to make a virtual environment named veganetworkscriptenv to install the packages but that has also failed as well. I am currently using Flask 2.0.0 and Docker 5.0.0 and the error occurs on line eight in

            Here is the full ImportError that I get when I try and run the program:



            Answered 2022-Feb-20 at 12:31

            I was facing the same issue while running docker containers with flask.

            I downgraded Flask to 1.1.4 and markupsafe to 2.0.1 which solved my issue.

            Check this for reference.



            Unauthorized (Invalid Token) when authenticating with JWT Bearer Token after update to .NET 6
            Asked 2022-Mar-23 at 10:13

            After updating the package Microsoft.AspNetCore.Authentication.JwtBearer from version 3.1.14 to 6.0.1, requests with authentication fail with 401 Unauthorized "invalid token".

            What needs to be changed with the new package version?



            Answered 2022-Jan-20 at 13:18

            This seems to be a bug. Adding an event handler (JwtBearerEvents), the failure could be identified as a MissingMethodException:



            Any POST or GET requests from the Revue API return 401
            Asked 2022-Mar-08 at 13:55

            I am trying to add subscribers to my newsletter using the Revue api. According to the documentation, I need to add a header called 'Authorization' and value 'Token MY-TOKEN' in my requests.

            In order to test out the API I am using Postman as seen in the screenshot below:

            Any request I do to any url, ends up with a 401.

            What am I missing here? The token value is copy pasted from the bottom of ('Your API key is xyz') as the documentation mentions. Double checked that there are no extra spaces added.



            Answered 2022-Jan-06 at 07:43

            If you have the following when you log in to Revue

            "We are reviewing your account."

            You will not be able to make API calls and will get a 401.

            I've talked to support on the issue and unfortunately, it's undocumented at the moment.

            Took nearly a week for me to get reviewed but it's working fine now. It is at the end of the Christmas period so I am hoping they are only temporarily that slow at reviewing accounts.



            throwError(error) is now deprecated, but there is no new Error(HttpErrorResponse)
            Asked 2022-Mar-01 at 00:42

            Apparently throwError(error) is now deprecated. The IntelliSense of VS Code suggests throwError(() => new Error('error'). new Error(...) accepts only strings. What's the correct way to replace it without breaking my HttpErrorHandlerService ?

            http-error.interceptor.ts ...


            Answered 2021-Aug-04 at 19:08


            Chrome 98 Private Network Access problem w/ disabled web security: Request had no target IP address space, yet the resource is in address space local
            Asked 2022-Feb-25 at 16:03

            We have a test environment on a public site. There we use --disable-web-security flag on chrome for the testers to bypass CORS errors for public service calls during manual test phase. And also we have localhost requests on the agent machine. However today with Chrome 98 update we started struggling with the network requests targeting localhost.

            The error we get is for the localhost requests from a public site:
            Access to XMLHttpRequest at 'https://localhost:3030/static/first.qjson' from origin '' has been blocked by CORS policy: Request had no target IP address space, yet the resource is in address space `local`.

            The site on localhost is configured to return Access-Control-Allow-* CORS headers including "Access-Control-Allow-Private-Network: true".

            And also I do not see any preflight request. Just one GET request with CORS error on it.

            We suspect this might be a side effect caused when you disable web security by --disable-web-security. It might be preventing obtaining of the target IP address space. Our assumption is based on the CORS preflight section on

            3.1.2. CORS preflight
            The HTTP fetch algorithm should be adjusted to ensure that a preflight is triggered for all private network requests initiated from secure contexts.

            The main issue here is again that the response’s IP address space is not known until a connection is obtained in HTTP-network fetch, which is layered under CORS-preflight fetch.

            So does anyone know any workaround for Private Network Access with --disable-web-security flag ? Or maybe we are missing something. Thanks for the help.



            Answered 2022-Feb-09 at 04:20

            Below Steps can help to solve issue in chrome 98, for other browser like edge you need to do similar like chrome.

            For MAC
            • Requestly with chrome version 98. You need to follow following steps :- Run this command on terminal

              defaults write InsecurePrivateNetworkRequestsAllowed -bool true

            • Restart your Browser, Not work then restart your machine

            For WINDOWS
            • Run 'regedit' to open windows registry (If permission issue came then run that command with Admin command prompt)
            • Go to Computer\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Google\Chrome
            • Create new DWORD value with "InsecurePrivateNetworkRequestsAllowed" Name
            • Change Value to "1"
            • Restart your Browser



            IndexError: tuple index out of range when I try to create an executable from a python script using auto-py-to-exe
            Asked 2022-Feb-24 at 15:03

            I have been trying out an open-sourced personal AI assistant script. The script works fine but I want to create an executable so that I can gift the executable to one of my friends. However, when I try to create the executable using the auto-py-to-exe, it states the below error:



            Answered 2021-Nov-05 at 02:20
            42681 INFO: PyInstaller: 4.6
            42690 INFO: Python: 3.10.0



            Spring Boot WebClient stops sending requests
            Asked 2022-Feb-18 at 14:42

            I am running a Spring Boot app that uses WebClient for both non-blocking and blocking HTTP requests. After the app has run for some time, all outgoing HTTP requests seem to get stuck.

            WebClient is used to send requests to multiple hosts, but as an example, here is how it is initialized and used to send requests to Telegram:




            Answered 2021-Dec-20 at 14:25

            I would propose to take a look in the RateLimiter direction. Maybe it does not work as expected, depending on the number of requests your application does over time. From the Javadoc for Ratelimiter: "It is important to note that the number of permits requested never affects the throttling of the request itself ... but it affects the throttling of the next request. I.e., if an expensive task arrives at an idle RateLimiter, it will be granted immediately, but it is the next request that will experience extra throttling, thus paying for the cost of the expensive task." Also helpful might be this discussion: github or github

            I could imaginge there is some throttling adding up or other effect in the RateLimiter, i would try to play around with it and make sure this thing really works the way you want. Alternatively, consider using Spring @Scheduled to read from your queue. You might want to spice it up using embedded JMS for further goodies (message persistence etc).



            strange HTTP request ending with "type_error:SafeUrl"
            Asked 2022-Jan-26 at 10:09

            I'm gettig some strange HTTP requests, like:



            Answered 2022-Jan-26 at 10:09

            I think it is a bug in Funding Choices.

            Deep down in some ad-blocking detection code loaded by Funding Choices I found the following being part of a reportClientEvent(...) call:



            Google app engine deployment fails- Error while finding module specification for 'pip' (AttributeError: module '__main__' has no attribute '__file__')
            Asked 2022-Jan-08 at 22:02

            We are using command prompt c:\gcloud app deploy app.yaml, but get the following error:



            Answered 2022-Jan-06 at 09:24

            Your setuptools version is likely to be yanked:


            Not sure how to fix that without a working pip though.


            Community Discussions, Code Snippets contain sources that include Stack Exchange Network


            No vulnerabilities reported

            Install requests

            You can install using 'pip install requests' or download it from GitHub, PyPI.
            You can use requests like any standard Python library. You will need to make sure that you have a development environment consisting of a Python distribution including header files, a compiler, pip, and git installed. Make sure that your pip, setuptools, and wheel are up to date. When using pip it is generally recommended to install packages in a virtual environment to avoid changes to the system.


            Requests is available on PyPI:. Requests officially supports Python 2.7 & 3.6+.
            Find more information at:

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            pip install requests

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            gh repo clone psf/requests

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