How to use Requests with HTTPS URLs and SSL/TLS certificates

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by vinitha@openweaver.com dot icon Updated: Aug 10, 2023

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Digital certificates known as Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)certificates enable secure internet communication. A web server and a web browser establish a secure encrypted connection. When people go to a website, their browser starts a safe connection with the server. The browser and server check each other's identities during SSL/TLS handshakes.  


The SSL certificates encrypt the data exchange between the server and the browser. The encryption ensures that sensitive information remains confidential and secured from illegal access. Python SSL certificates also provide authentication and verification mechanisms. A Certificate Authority (CA) issues the certificate through a certificate issue procedure. SSL certificates enable trust chain indicators in web browsers. These indicators reassure site visitors that the connection is secure. There are several types of SSL certificates available.  


Here are some of the common types:  

  • Single Domain Certificates   
  • Wildcard Certificates   
  • Multi-Domain (SAN) Certificates   
  • Extended Validation (EV) Certificates   
  • Organization Validated (OV) Certificates 

 

Setting up an SSL certificate file involves steps; here's an overview of the process:   

  • Choose a trusted CA Certificate Authority or SSL Certificate Provider   
  • Select the Type of SSL Certificate   
  • Generate a Certificate Signing Request (CSR)   
  • Submit CSR and Required Documents   
  • Complete the Validation Process   
  • Receive and install the SSL Certificate   
  • Configure Your Web Server   
  • Test and Verify SSL Configuration   
  • Check and Maintain SSL Certificate  

 

Here are some tips to help you make an informed decision like   

  • Determine Your Requirements,   
  • Check the Validation Level   
  • Consider Certificate Types and more.  


Here the example of How to use Requests with HTTPS URLs and SSL/TLS certificates: