10 Best Python Scientific Computing Libraries 2023
by Kanika Maheshwari Updated: Feb 16, 2023
Here are some famous Python Scientific Computing Libraries. Some of the Python Scientific Computing Libraries' use cases include Data Analysis, Machine Learning, Image Processing, Natural Language Processing, and Scientific Computing.
Python scientific computing libraries is a collection of packages that provide a wide range of numerical and scientific computing functionality. These libraries provide functions for numerical analysis, linear algebra, Fourier transforms, optimization, and plotting. They are used extensively in scientific and engineering applications, as well as for data analysis and machine learning tasks.
Let us look at some of the famous Python Scientific Libraries in detail below.
- Wide variety of supervised and unsupervised learning algorithms.
- Includes functions for model selection and optimization.
- Comprehensive documentation and tutorials.
scikit-learn: machine learning in Python
Python 53431 Version:1.2.2 License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)
- Provides a wide range of tools for transforming and manipulating data.
- Provides a powerful set of built-in tools for quickly exploring and analyzing data.
- Integrates with popular data visualization packages like Matplotlib and Seaborn.
Flexible and powerful data analysis / manipulation library for Python, providing labeled data structures similar to R data.frame objects, statistical functions, and much more
Python 37363 Version:v2.0.0rc1 License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)
- Offers linear algebra, Fourier transform, and random number capabilities.
- Highly optimized and efficient, making it a great choice for scientific computing.
- Offers powerful multi-dimensional array objects.
The fundamental package for scientific computing with Python.
Python 22989 Version:v1.24.2 License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)
- Supports various types of data formats, such as CSV, JSON, and HDF5.
- Highly extensible, and users can easily create their own customizations and extensions.
- Supports different types of graphs, including histograms, bar charts, scatter plots, pie charts, and more.
matplotlib: plotting with Python
Python 17007 Version:v3.7.1 License: No License
- Provides a number of “magic functions” that can be used to make programming easier and more efficient.
- Supports rich output, which includes displaying images, videos, and more in the notebook.
- Provides an interactive shell that allows you to quickly test out ideas and explore data.
Official repository for IPython itself. Other repos in the IPython organization contain things like the website, documentation builds, etc.
Python 15737 Version:7.18.1 License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)
- Comprehensive library of numerical algorithms, including optimization, linear algebra etc.
- Easy-to-use data structures for representing a wide range of scientific data.
- High-level interactive plotting capabilities for data visualization.
- Symbolic mathematics library that allows users to solve equations symbolically and to manipulate and simplify expressions.
- Capable of performing more advanced algebraic manipulations than other Python scientific computing libraries.
- Supports arbitrary precision arithmetic, allowing users to work with numbers that have hundreds of digits of accuracy.
A computer algebra system written in pure Python
Python 10425 Version:sympy-1.12rc1 License: Others (Non-SPDX)
- Use GPUs to speed up computation.
- Optimize the user's code for maximum performance.
- Allows the user to define symbolic variables, representing a mathematical expression.
Theano was a Python library that allows you to define, optimize, and evaluate mathematical expressions involving multi-dimensional arrays efficiently. It is being continued as aesara: www.github.com/pymc-devs/aesara
Python 9691 Version:Current License: Others (Non-SPDX)
- Allows code to be optimized and compiled to native machine instructions.
- Supports a wide range of standard Python types, including lists, dictionaries, and custom objects.
- Provides native support for GPU programming, allowing for efficient processing of large datasets.
NumPy aware dynamic Python compiler using LLVM
Python 8415 Version:0.56.4 License: Permissive (BSD-2-Clause)
- Comprehensive statistical tests and robust hypothesis testing capabilities.
- Powerful statistical visualization capabilities.
- Robust and extensible model selection algorithms.
Statsmodels: statistical modeling and econometrics in Python
Python 8293 Version:v0.13.5 License: Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)