Explore all Institutions and Learning related open source software, libraries, packages, source code, cloud functions and APIs.

Institutions provide public service such as health care, education, transport, or the removal of waste which is organized by the government or an official body in order to benefit all the people in a particular society or community. It is usually provided by the government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing provision of services.

These software components cover functions across Administration and Public Services, Education areas.

Popular New Releases in Institutions and Learning






TensorFlow Official Models 2.7.1


Keras Release 2.9.0 RC2



Popular Libraries in Institutions and Learning


by freeCodeCamp doticonjavascriptdoticon

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freeCodeCamp.org's open-source codebase and curriculum. Learn to code for free.


by donnemartin doticonpythondoticon

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Learn how to design large-scale systems. Prep for the system design interview. Includes Anki flashcards.


by facebook doticonjavascriptdoticon

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Set up a modern web app by running one command.


by mrdoob doticonjavascriptdoticon

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JavaScript 3D Library.


by tensorflow doticonpythondoticon

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Models and examples built with TensorFlow


by keras-team doticonpythondoticon

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Deep Learning for humans


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:house_with_garden: Open source home automation that puts local control and privacy first.


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A curated list of awesome Machine Learning frameworks, libraries and software.


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scikit-learn: machine learning in Python

Trending New libraries in Institutions and Learning


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24 Lessons, 12 Weeks, Get Started as a Web Developer


by facebookexperimental doticonjavascriptdoticon

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Recoil is an experimental state management library for React apps. It provides several capabilities that are difficult to achieve with React alone, while being compatible with the newest features of React.


by AMAI-GmbH doticonjavascriptdoticon

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Roadmap to becoming an Artificial Intelligence Expert in 2021


by Asabeneh doticonjavascriptdoticon

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30 Days of React challenge is a step by step guide to learn React in 30 days. It requires HTML, CSS, and JavaScript knowledge. You should be comfortable with JavaScript before you start to React. If you are not comfortable with JavaScript check out 30DaysOfJavaScript. This is a continuation of 30 Days Of JS. This challenge may take more than 100 days, follow your own pace.


by microsoft doticonpythondoticon

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DeepSpeed is a deep learning optimization library that makes distributed training and inference easy, efficient, and effective.


by UnityTechnologies doticoncsharpdoticon

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Unity Open Project #1: Chop Chop


by androidx doticonkotlindoticon

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Development environment for Android Jetpack extension libraries under the androidx namespace. Synchronized with Android Jetpack's primary development branch on AOSP.


by huangsam doticonpythondoticon

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Ultimate Python study guide for newcomers and professionals alike. :snake: :snake: :snake:


by nidhaloff doticonpythondoticon

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a delightful machine learning tool that allows you to train, test, and use models without writing code

Top Authors in Institutions and Learning



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147 Libraries

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Trending Kits in Institutions and Learning

Python Machine Learning libraries help develop supervised and unsupervised learning, data pre-processing, feature extraction tools, and deep learning. 


Following are the top use cases of these shortlisted libraries for Python Machine Learning,

  • Pre-processing of data that includes data cleaning and feature engineering tasks such as normalization, imputation, missing value treatment, and outlier detection.
  • Model selecting and optimizing, such as cross-validation, hyperparameter tuning, and model selection metrics.
  • Visualizations to understand data and results. This includes visualizing data distributions, feature importance, and model performance.
  • Developing algorithms, including supervised learning algorithms (e.g. linear regression, logistic regression, support vector machines, decision trees, random forests, and neural networks) as well as unsupervised learning algorithms (e.g. clustering, dimensionality reduction, and anomaly detection).
  • Calculating performance metrics such as accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score.


The following is a list of the 18 most popular open-source Python libraries for Machine Learning,


  • It provides a high-level API for building and training deep neural networks.   
  • Keras allows you to define and incorporate custom layers and loss functions.    
  • Configure Keras to run on top of deep learning frameworks like TensorFlow, etc.


  • It is an essential library in the field of machine learning and data science.  
  • It provides tools for cross-validation, hyperparameter tuning, and model selection.    
  • The library runs on top of other scientific Python libraries like NumPy and SciPy.   


  • It is a popular Python library for data manipulation and analysis.   
  • It offers tools for data cleaning. This includes handling missing values, data alignment, and data type conversion.   
  • It supports time series data, making it valuable for financial analysis and forecasting.   


  • "You Only Look Once version 5," is a popular computer vision model for object detection. 
  • It is popular for its real-time object detection capabilities. 
  • It has improved upon the accuracy of its predecessors while maintaining its speed. 


  • It is an open-source distributed computing framework used in Python.   
  • It enables you to parallelize and distribute Python applications.   
  • It helps with low-latency, high-throughput computing tasks.   


  • This helps you gain a deep understanding of the underlying algorithms and mathematics.   
  • This allows you to customize it for your specific problem and data. This makes it more effective and efficient.   
  • Building models from scratch provides insight into optimization techniques.   


  • It helps in AI, ML, DL, Pytorch, TensorFlow applications.   
  • This library in PyTorch is essential for working with computer vision tasks.   
  • You can access pre-trained models like ResNet, VGG, and AlexNet through "torchvision.models".   


  • It is an open-source deep learning platform developed by Baidu.  
  • It is a powerful deep learning framework, like TensorFlow and PyTorch.   
  • It focuses on simplicity and efficiency.  


  • It is an open-source Python library designed for building conversational AI apps.   
  • It provides tools for creating and managing conversational flows.  
  • It supports many languages and can helps in a global context.  


  • It is a popular library in Python used for distributed deep learning.   
  • It enables you to scale your DL models to many GPUs and even across many machines.   
  • It supports various deep learning frameworks like TensorFlow, PyTorch, and MXNet.   


  • It is an open-source platform for managing the end-to-end machine learning lifecycle.  
  • It allows you to log and compare experiments.  
  • It provides tools for packaging models in a standard format.


  • It is an important tool for image augmentation. It is especially used in machine learning and computer vision tasks.   
  • It allows you to customize augmentation pipelines to suit your specific needs.    
  • It works well with other popular libraries like OpenCV and NumPy.  


  • It provides a framework and pre-built components. That makes it easier to create chatbots.   
  • This library often includes NLP capabilities. This allows chatbots to understand and generate human-like text responses.  
  • These libraries offer options for customizing the behavior and responses of chatbots.


  • NNI handles distributed training, making it suitable for large-scale experiments.  
  • NNI is important for streamlining and improving the machine learning model development process.  
  • It automates and optimizes ML model selection and hyperparameter tuning.    


  • It is a fundamental library in the Python ecosystem. It is especially used in the context of machine learning and data science.  
  • It is open-source and has a large and active community.  
  • It is crucial for performing efficient numerical and array-based operations.  


  • It is a Python library for automated machine learning (AutoML).  
  • This includes feature selection, data preprocessing, and the choice of models.
  • It employs techniques like cross-validation to reduce the risk of overfitting.    


  • It is an open-source library for automated machine learning (AutoML).  
  • It simplifies the process of building and training machine learning models.  
  • It is accessible to both beginners and experienced ML practitioners.  


  • It is often referred to as a design pattern library.   
  • It is a collection of reusable solutions to common software design problems.
  • These patterns help developers create more efficient, maintainable, and scalable code.  


1. What is scikit-learn?  

It is an ML library for Python. That provides simple and efficient tools for data analysis and modeling. It offers a wide range of algorithms for classification, regression, clustering, and more.    


2. What is PyTorch?   

PyTorch is an open-source machine learning library. It is developed by Facebook's AI Research lab. It helps with deep learning and provides dynamic computation graphs. This makies it popular among researchers.    


3. What is Keras?   

Keras is an open-source deep learning API. That runs on top of other deep learning frameworks like TensorFlow and Theano. It's designed to be and allows for rapid prototyping of neural networks.   


4. How do I install these libraries?  

You can install these libraries using Python's package manager, pip. For example, you can install scikit-learn with pip install scikit-learn. Also, install TensorFlow with pip install tensorflow, and PyTorch with pip install torch.    


5. What is the difference between a tensor and an array in TensorFlow?  

In TensorFlow, a tensor is a multi-dimensional array. This array can be placed on GPU for accelerated computation. It is like NumPy arrays but optimized for deep learning tasks. 

C# Networking Libraries are used for various purposes. You can make a Chat App, a Multiplayer Game, a File Sharing App, a Database App, and a Streaming App.  

C# networking libraries are the collection of classes and functions used to develop C# programming language network applications. These libraries provide functionality such as networking protocols, data transfer, encryption, and data storage. Examples of C# networking libraries include the .NET Framework Network Classes, System.Net, and OpenNETCF.  

Let us have a look at C# networking libraries in detail below. 


  • Supports many protocols such as RDP, VNC, SSH, Telnet, HTTP/HTTPS, and ICA/HDX. 
  • Rich plugin system to extend the functionality of the application. 
  • Powerful scripting engine to automate common tasks. 


  • Supports the latest websocket protocol specifications. 
  • Supports compression of websocket frames using the Per-Message Deflate extension. 
  • Actively maintained and regularly updated with new features and bug fixes. 


  • Serialization and Deserialization. 
  • Compact Binary Format. 
  • Supports Multiple Platforms. 


  • Event-driven API. 
  • Protocol Agnostic. 
  • Built-in Pipeline. 


  • Built-in packet inspection tool that can be used to troubleshoot and diagnose network problems.  
  • Powerful tools for developers, such as a network traffic simulator. 
  • Allows users to configure, monitor, and control their network traffic quickly. 


  • High-performance, extensible, and lightweight. 
  • Designed to be platform-agnostic. 
  • Supports Unity’s built-in Networking. 


  • High-performance TCP/IP networking stack. 
  • Pluggable architecture that allows developers to easily customize and extend the library to meet their specific needs. 
  • Provides a range of built-in security features. 


  • Supports many protocols such as HTTP, FTP, SMTP, DNS, and SSL/TLS.  
  • Integrated packet capture engine to capture network traffic and save it in various formats.  
  • Monitor multiple networks simultaneously and can detect MITM attacks. 


  • Supports both client-server and peer-to-peer architectures. 
  • Provides reliable UDP messaging with the help of its own packet fragmentation and reassembly mechanism.  
  • Supports automatic NAT punchthrough for connecting to peers behind a firewall or router. 


  • Supports SSL/TLS encryption and authentication. 
  • Provides native support for Windows, Linux, and macOS platforms. 
  • Includes an integrated logging framework. 


  • Allows the user to select from a variety of attack types. 
  • Includes a graphical user interface. 
  • Includes a feature called “Hive Mind”, which allows users to join a “hive” and send requests in unison with other users. 


  • Support for various languages, including C#, C++, and JavaScript. 
  • Highly extensible and can be used to create custom network protocols for games.  
  • Various functions are designed to facilitate communication between applications and the Steam network. 


  • Flexible API. 
  • Robust Security.
  • Cross-Platform Compatibility. 


  • Provides strong cryptography algorithms and secure communications protocols. 
  • Written in C#, it is easy to port to other platforms.  
  • Allows developers to extend the library for their specific use cases. 


  • Binary Serialization. 
  • Peer-to-peer Networking. 
  • Reliability. 


  • Built-in support for Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS). 
  • Deep integration with the .Net Core platform. 
  • Provides an asynchronous, non-blocking programming model with no callbacks and no threads. 


  • Provides a distributed object model that allows for objects to be shared across different instances without creating extra copies.  
  • Provides a unique set of tools for debugging and monitoring network traffic and performance. 
  • Allows for a more robust and reliable system than other libraries written in other languages.   


  • Spoofing allows users to hide their IP address when making network requests.   
  • The port scanning feature allows users to scan for open ports on a network.  
  • The mapping feature allows users to map a network and identify various devices, services, and connections. 


1. What is a network application framework? How can C sharp networking libraries assist in building them?  

A network application framework simplifies the development of applications that use networks. It provides tools and libraries. These frameworks offer developers pre-built components and structures to handle various networking tasks. The tasks may involve saving data. They may also include communicating between clients and servers. Additionally, tasks may involve managing errors. Developers can focus on the app's logic and features without worrying about networking.  

C# provides several networking libraries that can help build network application frameworks. You can benefit from these libraries by creating network application frameworks. 

  • Abstraction: It abstracts away low-level networking complexities. It allows developers to focus on higher-level application logic.  
  • Security: It offers built-in security features. It implements secure communication channels and data transmission.  
  • Consistency: Established libraries provide a strong foundation for your network application. It reduces the likelihood of bugs and vulnerabilities.  
  • Productivity: By using pre-built components, developers can accelerate the development process. It reduces the amount of code they need to write from scratch.  
  • Scalability: Some frameworks handle large numbers of clients. It offers scalability features out of the box.  


2. Can C# networking libraries create Steam network applications?  

You can use C# networking libraries to make apps that connect with the Steam network. Steam is a digital distribution platform developed by Valve Corporation. It is primarily used for distributing and managing video games and related content. 

It provides an API called the Steamworks API. It allows developers to integrate their applications with the Steam platform. To make the networking parts of your app, use networking libraries and the Steamworks API. You can use the Steamworks API in two ways: with interop mechanisms or C# libraries from third parties.  


3. How do I choose the right networking library using C Sharp language for my project?  

Consider your project's needs when choosing a networking library for your C# project. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you make an informed decision:  

  • Define Project Requirements  
  • Consider Existing Expertise  
  • Scalability and Performance  
  • Supported Protocols and Features  
  • Community and Documentation  
  • Ease of Use and Learning Curve  
  • Cross-platform compatibility  
  • Security considerations  
  • Third-party Integration  
  • Longevity and Maintenance  
  • Licensing and Compatibility  
  • Performance Benchmarks and Reviews  
  • Experiment and Prototype  
  • Flexibility for future growth  


4. How does the .NET Core Library deal with WebSocket connections?  

The ASP.NET Core framework manages WebSocket connections in the .NET Core library. This framework has built-in support for working with WebSocket connections. WebSocket is a communication protocol. A client and a server can communicate using one TCP connection. It makes creating and managing WebSocket connections in your C# networking apps easier.  

The .NET Core library handles WebSocket connections like this: 

  • Using ASP.NET Core  
  • Creating WebSocket Endpoints  
  • WebSocket Handler  
  • Handling WebSocket Connections  
  • Receiving and Sending Messages  
  • Integration with ASP.NET Routing  
  • Middleware and Services  
  • Full-Duplex Communication  


5. What challenges come with socket programming When building applications with C# Networking Libraries?  

Using socket programming libraries to build applications is difficult because it is complex. Socket programming is challenging because it involves low-level networking and many complexities. Developers have more control over the networking but must handle these challenges.  

Here are some common challenges:  

  • Complexity and Learning Curve  
  • Synchronization and Concurrency  
  • Error Handling and Resilience  
  • Data Serialization  
  • Buffer Management  
  • Protocol Design and Parsing  
  • Resource Management  
  • Security Concerns  
  • Firewalls and NAT Traversal  
  • Platform Differences  
  • Testing and Debugging  
  • Scalability  
  • Performance Optimization  
  • IPv4 and IPv6 Compatibility  
  • Real-time Communication  

Dilbert was dropped from hundreds of newspapers over Scott Adams’ racist comments. Multiple researchers have documented over the past few months how ChatGPT can be prompted to provide racist responses.

A three-decade globally famous comic strip has been canceled because of the creator’s racist comments in his YouTube show. ChatGPT, Bing Bot, and many such AI Bots are conversing with millions of users daily and have been documented to provide misleading, inaccurate, and biased responses. How can we hold AI to the same high standards we expect from society, especially when AI is now generative and scaled for global consumer use?

While no silver bullet exists, multiple aspects can make AI more responsible. Having open AI models is a great start. Hugging Face, EleutherAI, and many others are championing an open approach to AI. Openness and collaboration can bring in diverse contributions, reviews, and rigorous testing of AI models and help reduce bias.

NIST’s AI risk management guidelines released recently provide a comprehensive view across the AI lifecycle consisting of collecting and processing Data & Input, the build, and validation of the AI model, its deployment, and monitoring in the context of usage. Acknowledging the possibility of bias, eliminating data capture biases, or unconscious biases when generating synthetic data, designing for counterfactual fairness, and human-in-loop designs can reduce the risk of bias.

Use the below tools for assessment and to improve the fairness and robustness of your models.

Use the below tools for Explainability, Interpretability, and Monitoring.

Google toolkit on Tensorflow for Privacy, Federated Learning, and Explainability.

Build smart applications with real-time face recognition, finding and identifying faces in pictures, detecting, and manipulating facial features. 

Deep learning face recognition algorithms in python detect an image by finding essential feature points in a picture, such as eyes, nose, eyebrows, corners of the mouth, lips, etc. Whereas traditional face recognition algorithm, such as the Local Binary Patterns Histograms (LBPH), breaks an image into thousands of smaller, bite-sized tasks, also known as classifiers. Certain face recognition python source code support single-shot learning. These systems can train themselves to detect a person through a single picture. However, there are some challenges faced by AI face detection programs, such as different human poses and facial expressions, low resolution, high illumination, etc.

The following is a comprehensive list of the best open-source python libraries for face recognition:

Popular among developers, the face_recognition library boasts a 99.38% accuracy. It can help perform recognition on a single image or a folder of images from the command line itself.

The OpenCV python face recognition library detects faces in a picture through machine learning algorithms. It breaks the process into multiple stages called ‘cascade’. 

The dlib face recognition library employs the MMOD (Deep Learning) algorithm to draw a bounding box around every face in the image. It provides output by matching the input face with the dataset.

Speech recognition is converting spoken words to text. It supports Google Speech Engine, Cloud Speech API, Bing Voice Recognition, and IBM Speech.

As we know Python is a multipurpose language that can be used for developing various applications including web apps. Python has many libraries dedicated to speech recognition, text-to-speech conversion, and text analysis.

In this article, I have listed some of the best Python Speech Recognition libraries with their key features. In this kit, we will go through some of the best Python Speech Recognition libraries like Real-Time-Voice-Cloning - 5 seconds to generate arbitrary speech; speech_recognition - Speech recognition module for Python, supporting several engines; wav2letter - Facebook AI Research's Automatic Speech Recognition Toolkit. Find the top 18 best Python Speech Recognition libraries in 2022.

Develop a Python trading app with Data Collection, Technical Analysis, Plotting, Machine Learning, NLP, and more using algorithmic trading libraries.

The crucial aspect is to train your applications to evaluate trading ideas and map out historical data by sourcing data and information from diverse sources. These can include spreadsheets, CSVs, and online platforms like Yahoo Finance, Google Finance, etc. Moreover, you can easily forecast live trading prices with the help of artificial neural networks and trading algorithms built using Python trading packages and algorithmic libraries. With the Python trading code, you can enable functions like aggregations, sorting, and visualization of complex data with just one or two commands.

Check out some of the top and most widely used open-source algorithmic trading libraries that provide code packages in Python to developers:


  • It offers a simple and easy-to-use framework for developing trading strategies.  
  • It makes it accessible for both beginners and experienced developers.  
  • It has an active community, and its documentation is comprehensive. 


  • It is crucial for developing and testing trading strategies.  
  • It provides a realistic simulation environment for backtesting strategies using historical market data.  
  • It offers event-driven backtesting, transaction cost modeling, and performance analytics.   


  • It is a Python library used in Websites, Business, and Bitcoin applications.   
  • Integrating ta-lib into trading algorithms allows for the creation of more sophisticated strategies.  
  • It will help identify potential entry and exit points in the market. 


  • It is an open-source cryptocurrency trading bot written in Python.  
  • Its importance in Python algorithmic trading libraries lies in its features and flexibility.  
  • It supports many cryptocurrency exchanges, enabling users to trade on different platforms.  


  • It is a Python library designed for quantitative finance and algorithmic trading.  
  • It offers efficient data management tools, including data downloading, preprocessing, and feature engineering.  
  • It simplifies the process of developing and testing trading strategies.  


  • It is a Python library used in Blockchain and cryptocurrency applications.  
  • It has no bugs or vulnerabilities, a Strong Copyleft License, and medium support.  
  • You can install it using 'pip install abu' or download it from GitHub or PyPI.  


  • It is a popular Python library for developing and testing algorithmic trading strategies.  
  • It is flexible, allowing users to install and test various trading strategies.  
  • It is a valuable tool for both developing and deploying trading strategies.  


  • It is a Python library used in Analytics and predictive Analytics applications.  
  • It has no bugs or vulnerabilities and has built files available.  
  • It is a stock trading bot powered by Trump tweets.  


  • It plays a crucial role in automating trading strategies. It is done on the Binance cryptocurrency exchange.  
  • It often includes features for backtesting trading strategies.  
  • These are often customizable. This allows traders to tailor strategies to their specific preferences and risk tolerance.  


  • It offers a framework for developing and testing trading strategies.  
  • It is open source, allowing developers to inspect and change the source code.  
  • It makes it accessible for both beginners and experienced users.  


  • It helps in building and researching algorithmic trading strategies. We can do this by using deep reinforcement learning.  
  • It benefits from contributions and feedback from a community of developers and researchers.  
  • It helps in adapting to different trading scenarios and experimenting with various models.  


  • It is a Python wrapper for the Binance API.   
  • It makes it easier to interact with the Binance cryptocurrency exchange.  
  • It supports WebSocket streams, providing real-time updates on market events.  


  • It plays a crucial role in Python algorithmic trading libraries.  
  • It provides key insights and triggers for automated trading decisions.  
  • It can include risk management parameters. We can help algorithms adjust position sizes or exit trades to manage risk.  


  • It is a Python library designed for financial market analysis and algorithmic trading.  
  • It includes a wide range of technical analysis tools and indicators.  
  • It supports event-driven backtesting.  


  • It focuses on machine learning applications in finance and algorithmic trading.   
  • It provides tools for effective feature engineering, a crucial aspect of financial ML.  
  • It includes functionalities for fractional differentiation.  


  • It is a Python SDK (Software Development Kit) designed for quantitative trading.  
  • It aims to provide an interface for algorithmic trading. We can do it by making it accessible for beginners and experienced developers.  
  • A vibrant community and active support can enhance the development experience.  


  • It plays a crucial role as it acts as a framework. That facilitates the development, testing, and execution of trading strategies.  
  • It offers a structured environment for designing and implementing trading strategies.  
  • Effective risk management is a crucial aspect of algorithmic trading.  


  • It is a Python library used in websites and business applications.  
  • Backtest your model for accuracy and simulate investment portfolio performance.  
  • It is Software designed to identify and check trading strategies.  


  • Quantitative trading, or quant-trading, is essential in algorithmic trading.  
  • Python's extensive libraries, such as Pandas and NumPy. It is easing efficient data analysis and manipulation.  
  • It helps in backtesting trading strategies.


  • It is a Python library used in websites and portfolio applications.  
  • Backtesting module that both backtests and forward tests all portfolios.  
  • It is used as a statistical and algorithmic investing strategy.


  • Zero-cost virtual trading (ZVT) in Python algorithmic trading libraries.  
  • Need for testing and refining trading strategies without risking real capital.  
  • It allows developers to simulate trades in a realistic market environment.


  • It is used in algorithmic trading to evaluate the performance of trading strategies.  
  • It helps assess the effectiveness of a trading strategy. We can do so by applying it to historical market data.  
  • Calculates and presents various performance metrics to quantify the strategy's performance.  


  • It provides a Python API for interacting with Binance.   
  • It allows traders to access market data, execute trades, and manage their accounts.  
  • It helps in tracking and managing portfolios.


  • It is a library related to trading or finance.   
  • Its importance would likely be tied to its features and functionalities.  
  • It helps in cryptocurrency trading robots. 


  • It helps traders to execute orders at high speeds.  
  • It takes advantage of small price discrepancies in the market.  
  • It will provide access to real-time market data and quick order execution.


  • It offers a framework for developing and testing quantitative trading strategies.  
  • It allows users to define and install custom trading strategies.  
  • It offers flexibility for a wide range of trading styles and preferences.


  • It could enable users to automate trading strategies. We can do so by interacting with the Robinhood platform.  
  • The framework could ease the retrieval and analysis of financial data from Robinhood. We can do it with informed decision-making.  
  • It may allow integration with other Python libraries and tools.  


  • It is often called coinbasepro-python, a Python client for the Coinbase Pro API.  
  • It supports the placement and management of orders on the Coinbase Pro platform.  
  • Developers can customize and adapt the library to suit their specific trading strategies.  


  • It is a Python library in Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and DL apps.  
  • It has a Non-SPDX License. You can download it from GitHub.  
  • It is a Deep Learning-based Python Library for Stock Market Prediction and Modelling.


  • It is a Python library used in Automation and bot applications.  
  • It is an IBKR trading bot. It helps collect premiums by selling options using the "The Wheel" strategy.  
  • It implements a modified version of The Wheel with my tweaks.  


  • It is a Python library designed for algorithmic trading with IB TWS and IB Gateway.  
  • It allows for asynchronous programming, enabling you to handle many tasks.  
  • It uses an event-driven programming model.


  • It plays a crucial role in Python algorithmic trading libraries.  
  • It leverages reinforcement learning techniques to make trading decisions.  
  • It can optimize decision-making processes and manage risk.   


  • It is crucial in algorithmic trading to manage risk.   
  • It ensures orderly execution and adapts to market conditions.  
  • Real-time monitoring allows algorithms to react to changing market conditions.


  • It is a Python library used in Institutions, Learning, Education, AI, ML, Nodejs, and Unity apps.  
  • It uses reinforcement learning on the stock market, and the agent tries to learn trading.  
  • It has no bugs, it has no vulnerabilities, it has built files available, and it has medium support.   


  • It is a Python library that provides tools for algorithmic trading.  
  • It is built on the popular open-source algorithmic trading library Quantlib.  
  • It helps be flexible and allows traders to customize and adapt the library.


  • It helps in Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning applications.  
  • It helps find big moving stocks before they move using a machine.  
  • It generates price and volume return features and plenty of technical indicators.  


  • It enables the development of more sophisticated trading strategies.  
  • It leverages advanced machine-learning techniques to analyze vast amounts of financial data.  
  • It allows algorithms to adapt to changing market conditions.   


  • IbPy, or Interactive Brokers Python API, is important in algorithmic trading libraries.  
  • It provides a Python interface to interact with the Interactive Brokers trading platform.  
  • It allows developers to install automated trading strategies using Python.  


  • Personae in Python algorithm trading libraries refer to predefined sets of characteristics.  
  • It is assigned to different types of market participants or trading strategies.  
  • It can model diverse market scenarios and participant behaviors.


  • It plays a significant role in Python algorithmic trading libraries.  
  • It supports various cryptocurrency exchanges. It enables traders to connect to many markets.  
  • It provides liquidity in the cryptocurrency markets.  


1. What is algorithmic trading?  

Algorithmic trading involves using computer algorithms. It automates the process of buying or selling financial instruments in the market. It aims to execute trading strategies with speed and efficiency.  

2. Why use Python for algorithmic trading?  

It is a popular programming language. It helps in algorithmic trading. It is because of its simplicity, extensive libraries, and large community. It provides tools like NumPy, pandas, and scikit-learn. Those tools help in data analysis and machine learning.   


3. Which Python libraries do we use for algorithmic trading?  

Commonly used libraries include:  

  • Backtrader: A versatile backtesting and live trading framework.  
  • Zipline: A powerful library for backtesting trading strategies.  
  • ccxt: A cryptocurrency trading library supporting many exchanges.  
  • pandas: Useful for data manipulation and analysis.  
  • NumPy: Essential for numerical operations.  


4. What is backtesting?  

It is the process of testing a trading strategy. We can do so using historical data to assess its performance. It helps traders test how a strategy would have performed in the past.  


5. How do I install these libraries?  

You can install these libraries using the pip package manager.   

For example, pip install backtrader.  

It has been 10 years since the first blog post by Eben Upton announcing the Raspberry Pi. After 6 families of Raspberry Pi releases and over forty million boards sold, the Raspberry Pi has become a fan favorite. While the initial intent of the Raspberry Pi project was teaching introductory computer science in schools, especially in developing countries, it has found massive success in the hobbyist market.

The Raspberry Pi is an economical computer that runs Linux and provides GPIO (general purpose input/output) pins, allowing control of components for physical computing and the Internet of Things (IoT). Developers use the Raspberry Pi to learn to program, build hardware projects, do home automation, implement Kubernetes clusters and Edge computing, and even use them in industrial applications.

The Raspberry Pi Foundation works to put the power of computing and digital making into the hands of people all over the world. Code Club and CoderDojo are part of the Raspberry Pi Foundation. Raspberry Jams are Raspberry Pi focused events for people of all ages to learn about Raspberry Pi and share ideas and projects.

kandi collections on 10 Years of Raspberry Pi, showcases the most popular libraries across hobbyist uses cases, home automation, IoT, OS and utilities for Raspberry Pi. Hobbyist usecases span across health care, morse code, vision, servo motors, bitcoin, gaming, music, and many others demonstrating the versatility of the humble Raspberry Pi.

Hobbyist Projects

Refer below libraries for interesting projects across use cases in health care, morse code, vision, servo motors, bitcoin, gaming, music, and others.

Home Automation Projects

Use these libraries for projects ranging from a secure offline home automation framework to interesting projects like magic mirror, bathroom occupancy notifier to more serious pursuits like gas sensors.

IoT Libraries for Raspberry Pi

From learning IoT to implementing the full stack, these libraries also provide use cases to connect with AWS and Azure.

Operating Systems for Raspberry Pi

From base Linux to lightweight and hardened versions, there are multiple OS choices to experiment with your Raspberry Pi project.

Utilities for Raspberry Pi

Leverage these popular utilities in your Raspberry Pi projects.

Agriculture is the oldest industry known to humanity and a key driver in human evolution. Multiple revolutions have shaped agricultural productivity through automation and information availability. Digital technology further enhances agriculture through drones and other robotic automation, satellite-based weather, land use, water, and crop information, IoT-based intelligent farm management, hydroponics, and vertical farming to improve space utilization, and intelligent algorithms and data sharing to optimize lifecycles.

kandi has shortlisted sample libraries that help you try AgriTech. While there are over 1,700 libraries available from multiple providers, the below collection brings forth samples from varied use cases to help you try a few. Use kandi search to find specific use cases.

Community and Lookup Services

You can start with simple community and lookup services such as OpenFarm by openfarmcc, trefle-api by treflehq, Automatic-leaf-infection-identifier by johri002.

Farm Management

Try farm management and uses cases like organic certification through tania by Tanibox, tania-core by Tanibox, farmOS by farmOS, ekylibre by ekylibre, FarmData2 by DickinsonCollege.

Stand-alone Automation

For simpler, stand alone automation across tractors, watering try lawn_tractor by ros-agriculture, Lawn-mower-robot by steger123, GardenPi by rjsears.

End-to-end Automation

For larger scale automation, try openag-device-software by OpenAgricultureFoundation, FruxePi by fruxefarms, SuperGreenOS by supergreenlab, KAISPE_Agriculture_Remote_Monitoring by KAISPE_LLC.

Datasets and Predictive Algorithms

For data sets to train your models, you can use agridat by kwstat, agridatasets by picasa.

If you are looking for specific information and predictive algorithms for use cases like soil moisture, crop yield prediction, fertilizer requirements try pycrop-yield-prediction by gabrieltseng, harvest_helper by damwhit, ML-Precision-Agriculture-Web-App by Empharez, Smart-Agriculture-using-IoT-and-Machine-Learning by Chinukapoor, Smart-Farming-Fertilizer-Prediction by suvam14das, kisanmitra by ashishpatel0720, WaporTranslator by TimHessels, crops_and_oscillations by matheino.

Commercial Operations

For commercial operations like e-commerce and insurance, try CropInsuranceSolution by sachinjegaonkar, localorbit by LocalOrbit, Agri-Sasa by bensalcie, E-Mandi by madhurpatle.

The European Commission proposed the EU Digital COVID Certificate for safe travel. It is free of charge, secure, and accessible to all. It is available in digital format and on paper, and it will be proof that a person has been vaccinated against COVID-19, tested negative, or recovered from an infection. The EU Commission has completed the procedures for the certificate launch in June, and the Member States have started implementing it. The EU gateway verifies the security features contained in the QR codes of all certificates. The EU gateway will allow citizens and authorities to be sure that the certificates are authentic. During this process, no personal data is exchanged or retained.

On the other hand, the US has confirmed that there won't be a national app, leaving the choice to states. Some states have banned the apps as examples of government overreach. Different countries are exploring leveraging vaccine certificates. The debate persists on vaccine inequality at a global level, and such vaccine passports further magnify the disparities across populations.

While the adoption of such COVID-19 vaccine passports scales up and travel picks up across geographies, the development community needs to be ready to integrate vaccine passport capability across multiple use cases such as immigration, travel, hospitality, health care, facility management, and much more. There are over a thousand libraries available specifically on COVID-19 vaccine passports as well as good health practices. The kandi collection on COVID-19 Vaccine Passports showcases reusable libraries from the EU Digital COVID Certificate, previously named the EU Digital Green Certificate, and multiple other providers and emerging solutions from the Linux Foundation Public Health (LFPH). The libraries span across issuance, wallets, verification, testing, and analytics of COVID-19 vaccine passports.

EU Digital COVID Certificate Libraries

dgca-wallet-app-ios by eu-digital-green-certificates, dgca-wallet-app-android by eu-digital-green-certificates, dgca-verifier-app-ios by eu-digital-green-certificates, dgca-verifier-app-android by eu-digital-green-certificates, dgca-verifier-service by eu-digital-green-certificates, dgca-issuance-service by eu-digital-green-certificates, dgca-issuance-web by eu-digital-green-certificates, and dcc-quality-assurance by eu-digital-green-certificates provide capabilities across issuance, wallets, verification, and testing based on the EU Digital COVID Certificate, previously named the EU Digital Green Certificate.

COVID Certificate Libraries from other providers

CoronaPass by Bizagi_Ltd, covidpass by covidpass-org, dgc-java by DIGGSweden, DGCValidator by DIGGSweden, covid19-passbook-generator by clawfire, covidpass-api by marvinsxtr, and digitaler-impfpass-reader-js by adrianrudnik provide capabilities across issuance, wallets, and verification of digital COVID-19 certificates.

The Linux Foundation Public Health (LFPH) Libraries

The Global COVID Certificate Network (GCCN) from the Linux Foundation Public Health (LFPH) Libraries are evolving and Cardea by MLBazaar and lfph-landscape by lfph provide a baseline into this future development. Stay tuned for further developments on GCCN.

Python encryption libraries provide base chunks of pre-written code that can be repurposed to develop a unique encryption-decryption system.

These libraries offer a long list of primitives a developer can build upon, choosing from cipher-decipher algorithms like AES, RSA, DES, etc. It allows developers to deal with sideline attacks better. Open-source Python libraries, not being a part of the standard package, can be installed using the PIP function. Python encryptions systems are not web-exclusive; the language allows a developer the flexibility of cross-platform use, unlike other popular coding languages like, say, PHP.

The list below summarizes our top open-source python libraries, consisting of ready-to-incorporate code components for designing encrypted security. Certbot acquires SSL certificates from the open-source certificate authority, Let's Encrypt. It also gives the developer the option to automatically enable HTTPS protocol and to act as a client for certificate authorities running on the ACME protocol. Mailpile, a web-mail client, focuses on the overall experience by providing a clean user interface. While being a web-based interface, it also provides an API and a command-line interface for developers. Ciphey employs artificial intelligence to assess the type of encryption and decipher the input text fast. It is minimalistic and precise.


  • It is a command-line tool for managing SSL/TLS certificates.   
  • It is often used in conjunction with Python web servers, such as Nginx or Apache.   
  • It enables secure communication over HTTPS.  


  • Ciphey is a Python library used in Institutions, Education, Security, and Cryptography applications.  
  • It is a tool designed for automatic decryption of ciphers and codes.  
  • It aims to simplify the process of deciphering encrypted messages. This detects the encryption method and provides the decrypted result.  


  • Mailpile helps in Institutions, Learning, Administration, Public Services, Messaging, and Email applications.  
  • It provides an interface for managing and encrypting emails.  
  • Its primary user interface is web-based. It also offers a basic command-line interface and an API for developers.


  • BYOB in Python generally refers to "Bring Your Own Bytes" or "Bring Your Own Key," depending on the context.  
  • It allows users to provide their own cryptographic keys. Rather than relying on default or generated keys.  
  • BYOB enables customization to meet these needs.


  • It is a Python library used in Security, Cryptography applications.  
  • It exposes cryptographic primitives and recipes to Python developers.  
  • It ensures data confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity.


  • acme-tiny is a Python encryption library.  
  • It helps with Security, Encryption, and Docker applications.  
  • You can install using 'pip install acme-tiny' or download it from GitHub, PyPI. It is used as a tiny script to issue and renew TLS certs from Let's Encrypt.


  • yadm is a Python library used in Devops, Configuration Management applications.  
  • yadm is a tool for managing dotfiles.  
  • It helps ensure consistency and ease of setup by keeping track of configurations.


  • ssh-audit is a Python library.  
  • It is a tool used to audit the security configurations of SSH servers.  
  • It identifies potential vulnerabilities and weaknesses in the SSH configuration.


  • PyBitmessage is a Python library used in Telecommunications, Media, Telecom, Networking applications.  
  • It is a P2P communication protocol used to send encrypted messages to another person.  
  • It aims to hide metadata from passive eavesdroppers.


  • RsaCtfTool is a Python library used in Security and Cryptography applications.  
  • It is a Python-based tool designed for solving RSA Capture the Flag (CTF) challenges.  
  • It plays a crucial role in CTF competitions. Its participants often encounter RSA-related problems. 


  • PyCrypto is important for several reasons in the context of encryption.  
  • PyCrypto supports various encryption algorithms, hashing functions, and random number generators.  
  • PyCrypto facilitates interoperability by supporting used cryptographic standards.


  • EQGRP_Lost_in_Translation is a Python library.   
  • It helps in Programming Style applications.  
  • It decrypts content of odd.tar.xz.gpg, swift.tar.xz.gpg and windows.tar.xz.gpg.


  • asyncssh is a Python library that provides an asynchronous framework for SSH communication.  
  • SSH relies on encryption algorithms to secure data transmission.  
  • asyncssh supports various encryption algorithms, providing a secure means of communication over networks.


  • Cloakify is a Python library used in Testing and Security Testing applications.  
  • It is a tool designed to obfuscate or "cloak" data in various formats, making it less conspicuous.  
  • This is useful for hiding sensitive information in plain sight.


  • demiguise is a Python encryption library.  
  • It helps in Security, Encryption applications.  
  • It is an HTA encryption tool for RedTeams.


  • Crypton is a Python library used in Security, Cryptography applications.  
  • Crypton is an educational library to learn and practice Offensive and Defensive Cryptography.  
  • It is an explanation of all the existing vulnerabilities on various Systems.


  • It is a tool used for analyzing and breaking simple XOR-based encryption.  
  • XOR is a bitwise operation that helps in encryption.  
  • It is a tool used to analyze multi-byte xor cipher.


  • tf-encrypted is a Python library that extends TensorFlow.   
  • TansorFlow extends to enable privacy-preserving machine learning using encrypted data.  
  • It aims to make privacy-preserving machine learning available, without requiring expertise in cryptography.


  • GlobaLeaks is a Python library used in Security, Encryption applications.  
  • It is an open-source whistleblowing framework designed for secure and anonymous communication.  
  • It provides tools for organizations to set up their own secure whistleblowing platforms.


  • servers enable secure connections, like HTTPS. HTTPs are vital for protecting sensitive information during data transmission over networks.  
  • It ensures the confidentiality and integrity of data by handling encryption keys.  
  • It provides a central point for managing cryptographic operations.


  • ssl_logger is a Python library used in Security, TLS applications.  
  • It helps in identifying potential vulnerabilities, debugging handshake problems, and ensuring secure communication.  
  • It Decrypts and logs a process's SSL traffic.


  • simp_le is a Python library that helps with encryption.  
  • It Encrypts Client. It has no bugs and has no vulnerabilities.  
  • simp_le can download it from GitHub.


  • FeatherDuster is a Python library designed for educational purposes.  
  • It is to help users understand various aspects of cryptography.   
  • It helps in penetration testing scenarios. It assesses the security of cryptographic components in apps and systems.


  • featherduster is a Python library used in Security, Cryptography applications.  
  • It is an online service that allows users to create encrypted messages with a sharable link.  
  • Cryptanalib is the moving part behind FeatherDuster, and helps with FeatherDuster.


  • tfc is a Python library used in Networking, Router applications.  
  • It helps developers install privacy-preserving machine-learning techniques.   
  • It is a Tinfoil Chat - Onion-routed, endpoint secure messaging system.


  • pyOpenSSL is a Python wrapper around the OpenSSL library.   
  • It provides support for secure sockets (SSL/TLS) and cryptographic functions.  
  • It allows Python apps to establish secure connections over the internet. It uses the SSL/TLS protocol.


  • NuCypher is provides a decentralized key management system.  
  • It allows for proxy re-encryption, enabling data sharing without exposing sensitive keys.  
  • This is valuable for apps requiring secure and decentralized access control in blockchain. 


  • RAASNet is a Python Encryption library.  
  • It helps with Testing and Security Testing applications.  
  • It is an Open-Source Ransomware as a Service for Linux, MacOS and Windows.


  • dnsrobocert is a Python library used in Security, TLS, Docker applications.  
  • It obtains SSL/TLS certificates through an automated process.   
  • It integrates with DNS challenges for verification.


  • Xeexe-TopAntivirusEvasion is a Python library used in Security, Firewall applications.  
  • It is an Undetectable & Xor encrypting with custom KEY.  
  • It bypasses Top Antivirus like BitDefender, Malwarebytes, Avast, ESET-NOD32, AVG, & Add ICON and MANIFEST to excitable.


  • A decentralized internet can enhance security in Python encryption libraries. It reduces the reliance on central authorities.  
  • This enhances the robustness of encryption implementations.  
  • It can contribute to user privacy by minimizing the collection of sensitive data.


  • PacketWhisper is a Python library used in Testing, Security Testing applications.  
  • PacketWhisper helps to address specific needs or vulnerabilities in network communication.  
  • It could be valuable for scenarios where secure packet transmission is crucial.


  • Python-Paillier is a library that implements the Paillier cryptosystem in Python.  
  • In machine learning, Python-Paillier applies to build privacy-preserving models.  
  • Python-Paillier, being an open-source library, encourages collaboration and contributions from the community.


  • covertutils is a Python encryption library   
  • It helps with Testing and Security Testing applications.  
  • It is a framework for Backdoor development.


  • It is crucial for retrieving original data from encrypted content.  
  • It ensures data confidentiality. It allows authorized users to access and understand the information.  
  • It is essential in scenarios were sensitive data needs transmission or storage.


  • nufhe is a Python library used in Security, Encryption applications.  
  • It is a NuCypher homomorphic encryption (NuFHE) library implemented in Python.  
  • You can install using 'pip install nufhe' or download it from GitHub, PyPI.  


  • rsa-wiener-attack is a Python library used in Security, Cryptography applications.  
  • A Python version of the Wiener attack targeting the RSA public-key encryption system.  
  • It targets cases where the private exponent is small. It allows an attacker to factorize the modulus.


  • an2linuxserver is a Python encryption library.  
  • It helps in Security, Encryption applications.  
  • It is a Sync Android notification encrypted to a Linux desktop.


  • It provides functionality for working with RSA encryption, a used public-key cryptosystem.  
  • python-rsa helps ensure the confidentiality and integrity of data during transmission.  
  • It provides tools for managing RSA keys, including key generation, serialization, and storage.


  • NXcrypt is a Python library used in Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning applications.  
  • It is a polymorphic 'python backdoors' crypter written in python by Hadi Mene (h4d3s).  
  • NXcrypt can inject malicious Python files into a normal file using a multi-threading system.


  • GPG in Python, it's crucial for key management, encryption, and digital signatures.  
  • GPG provides a way to secure communication and data integrity.   
  • It can enhance the security of your apps. It helps in dealing with sensitive information.


  • ShellcodeWrapper is a Python encryption library, used in Security and Hacking applications.  
  • Wrappers help organize code by encapsulating related functionalities.  
  • Wrappers often serve as a convenient interface or encapsulation for underlying functionality.


  • nfreezer is a Python library used in Security, Encryption applications.  
  • nFreezer (for encrypted freezer) is an encrypted-at-rest backup tool.  
  • It helps in the cases with untrusted destination servers.


  • oscrypto is a Python library that provides a high-level interface to cryptographic operations.  
  • It is built on top of the cryptography library. It aims to simplify the use of cryptographic functions in Python.  
  • Its ability to offer a consistent API for various cryptographic tasks.


  • Encrypted DNS (Domain Name System) in Python encryption libraries.  
  • It is crucial for enhancing the security and privacy of internet communication.  
  • It integrated with encrypted DNS. It ensures the process of resolving domain names to IP addresses is secure.


  • It provides a simple interface for symmetric encryption and decryption.  
  • It can serve as an educational tool. This tool helps individuals who are learning about encryption.  
  • It allows developers to install basic encryption. It enables them to focus on other aspects of their projects.


  • privy is a Python encryption library.  
  • It helps in Security, Encryption applications.  
  • It is an easy, fast lib to password-protect your data. 


1.What is encryption?  

It is the process of converting plaintext data into a secure and unreadable form. It is also known as ciphertext, to protect sensitive information.  


2.Why should I use encryption in Python?  

Encryption helps secure data during transmission or storage, preventing unauthorized access. It's crucial for protecting sensitive information like passwords, personal data, or confidential files.  


3.Which encryption libraries to use in Python?  

Popular encryption libraries in Python include cryptography, PyCryptodome, and cryptography. This library provides high-level cryptographic primitives.  


4.How do I install a Python encryption library?  

You can install most libraries using a package manager like pip. For example, to install the cryptography library, run pip install cryptography.  


5.What types of encryption algorithms are supported?  

Python encryption libraries often support various algorithms. It includes AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), RSA (Rivest-Shamir-Adleman), and others. Check the documentation for the specific library to see which algorithms are supported.

Amazon was recently fined $886 million for EU data privacy. The Luxembourg National Commission for Data Protection (CNPD) imposed the fine on Amazon Europe in a July 16 decision, the company disclosed in a regulatory filing. Amazon further stated that they strongly disagree with the CNPD’s ruling, and intended to appeal against it. In 2019, Google was fined a GDPR penalty of €50 million.

The penalty stems from the 2018 complaint by French privacy rights group La Quadrature du Net, to ensure Big Tech companies don’t use consumer data to manipulate their behavior for political or commercial purposes. It was filed on behalf of more than 10,000 customers and alleged that Amazon manipulates customers for commercial means by choosing what advertising and information they receive. The complaint also targeted Apple, Facebook, Google, and LinkedIn.

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the strictest privacy and security law in the world. The regulation was put into effect on May 25, 2018. While it has been in effect for a while, complying to its 99 Articles and 173 Recitals of the Regulation could be difficult as seen with the case with the tech majors. The GDPR has inspired other legislations, such as Brazil’s LGPD to the CCPA in California. Hence compliance is critical for businesses around the world.

kandi collection on GDPR Compliance Solutions showcases popular open source libraries that help you in achieving GDPR compliance. The use cases span across frameworks and checklists, data scanners, and compliance toolkits. Do not construe this as legal advice.

GDPR Frameworks and Checklists

GDPR-Transparency-and-Consent-Framework by InteractiveAdvertisingBureau and gdpr-checklist by privacyradius can help you understand the GDPR requirements and implementation approach.

GDPR Scanners

Use the below libraries for scanning GDPR compliance across different technologies and providers.

GDPR Compliance Libraries

Leverage the below libraries for implementing GDPR compliance, privacy policies and cookie consent in your website across specific technologies.

Over 850 footballers in the UK have threatened to sue over 17 sports data processing companies over using their personal data without consent. While they have initially identified companies across sports data analytics, entertainment and betting, they believe over 150 companies could be using players' data without consent. The core of the plea is non-compliance under Article 4 of the GDPR, which prohibits using personal data such as physical, physiological, location information without consent. To highlight the scale of the issue, about 7,000 pieces of information on one player are being used in analytics and other uses. If this legal action is successful, it can reshape how data is used in sports and across many industries. It can even create a new economy around 'data trading'. While GDPR adherence and PII usage guidelines shape up globally over the next many years, it is essential for developers to proactively comply with current GDPR and develop strong practices around PII data governance. kandi kit on GDPR Review and Compliance showcases popular libraries that provide frameworks, scanners, best practices, and implementation utilities for GDPR compliance. News source: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-58873132

GDPR Frameworks and Audits

Solutions for understanding the GDPR framework, audit tools, and scanners.

GDPR Compliance Implementation

Utilities that enable you to implement GDPR compliance in our solutions.

It is truly a 'Hello World' moment! Multiple global stakeholders are stressing the need and doing their bit on decarbonization. The US reaffirmed its commitment to the Paris accord. French lawmakers recently approved a ban on short domestic flights to instead promote trains for journeys that can be covered in under two-and-a-half hours.

Did you know there are thousands of libraries available to you to try your bit with decarbonization? We've assembled a few interesting starter components for you to experiment with your first steps in decarbonization.

If you are further interested, ask the Greta personal assistant listed in the collection, or search to discover more exciting components to jumpstart your application development on kandi.

Carbon Emissions Data

CO2 Emissions (kt) | World Bank Open Data by Rearc and co2-data by owid help you start with data.

Visualize Carbonization

electricitymap-contrib by tmrowco, IndustrialSmokePlumeDetection by HSG-AIML, Carbon-Footprint-Calculator by absambam, and Footprint by ubclaunchpad enable you to visualize your surroundings, your travel, or your food in the context of carbonization.

Reduce Technology Carbon Footprint

If you are passionate about technology, codecarbon by mlco2, carbontracker by lfwa, and low-web-extension by lowwebtech are good starters to understand and reduce your technology carbon footprint.

Fun Projects on Decarbonization

If you want to try some fun activities towards decarbonization, carbon0-web-app by Carbon0-Games is a simple gamified approach; FI-Automated-Greenhouse by fisherinnovation helps you run your own hydroponic greenhouse in small spaces, and lastly, greta by protea-earth gives you your own Greta personal assistant.

Natural language processing is critical for developing intelligent systems. If you want to train your model faster and make it more relevant for users, developers must use data gathered from the real world.

And for that, NLP libraries in Python are the most obvious choice. Python is one of the hottest programming languages across the globe because of its flexibility and features, and its ability to integrate with other languages. It is also highly acclaimed in the AI community and has grown to become one of the most sought-after languages for NLP (which, being a part of AI, relies heavily on machine learning). 

So, without any further ado, let’s take a look at some of the best Python libraries for natural language processing. Spacy is a professional-grade Python library for advanced NLP. Built on top of Python and Cython, it’s your no-frills go-to library for large-scale information extraction. Gensim is, again, one of the best Python libraries for natural language processing in terms of Topic Modelling. It offers memory-independent implementation capabilities and excels at retrieving information. With more than 47k stars on Github, Transformers offers thousands of pre-trained models to be implemented on texts for classification, translation, extraction, question answering, and summarizing in more than 100 languages. You can quickly download the APIs and start using them on any given text.


  • It helps to capture contextual information in a sequence of words.  
  • It provides thousands of pre-trained models to perform tasks on different modalities. Those are such as text, vision, and audio.  
  • This has improved tasks like text classification, language translation, and sentiment analysis.


  • It enhances various tasks like text classification, named entity recognition, and sentiment analysis.  
  • It is a new method of pre-training language representations.   
  • It obtains state-of-the-art results on a wide array of NLP tasks.


  • SpaCy is crucial in the NLP landscape due to its efficiency, accuracy, and design.  
  • It excels in processing large volumes of text. It offers robust tokenization, part-of-speech tagging, named entity recognition, and dependency parsing.  
  • Its pre-trained models, like en_core_web_sm, provide a solid foundation for various NLP tasks.


  • It is crucial for advancing language understanding in various applications.  
  • It enables more accurate sentiment analysis, improved machine translation, and enhanced chatbot interactions.  
  • Continuous development empowers researchers and developers to create innovative solutions. It makes language technology more accessible and effective.


  • Paddle is a deep-learning platform that includes a library for NLP.  
  • PaddleNLP, the NLP library within Paddle, offers pre-trained models and efficient training pipelines.  
  • It supports various NLP tasks. Also, it contributes to the ease and effectiveness of NLP research and applications.


  • It is an open-source framework that helps with building conversational AI.  
  • Being open source, Rasa encourages collaboration and community contributions.  
  • It allows developers to customize and extend the framework according to their needs.


  • It provides efficient tools for topic modeling, document similarity analysis, and other tasks.  
  • It focuses on scalability and performance. This makes it suitable for handling large text corpora and valuable for apps.  
  • It supports popular algorithms like Word2Vec, Doc2Vec, and LDA.


  • It refers to a combination of techniques and models.   
  • It enhances the performance of various NLP tasks.  
  • Flair's contextual embeddings help address some of the limitations of traditional word embeddings.


  • It converts graphical user interface (GUI) designs into executable code.  
  • It uses computer vision techniques to interpret screenshots of GUIs.  
  • It generates Code from a Graphical User Interface Screenshot.  


  • It provides a powerful and flexible framework.  
  • With pre-built components and models, it simplifies the implementation of complex architectures.  
  • Its modular design encourages the development of custom models and extensions.


  • It provides tools and resources for working with human language data.  
  • NLTK includes a collection of diverse corpora and lexical resources.  
  • NLTK is often used as an educational tool in NLP courses.


  • It helps in Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Deep Learning.  
  • It is also used in Pytorch, Tensorflow, Neural Network applications.  
  • You can install it using 'pip install numpy-ml' or download it from GitHub, PyPI.


  • Associated with computer vision tasks, image processing and deep learning.  
  • It could refer to altering the writing style of a given text while preserving its content.  
  • This is useful in generating diverse outputs for chatbots.  


  • It helps in Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Tensorflow applications.  
  • It helps to turn your two-bit doodles into fine artworks with deep neural networks.  
  • It generates seamless textures from photos. It then transfers style from one image to another.  


  • BERT is an NLP model developed by Google. It helps with pre-training language representations.  
  • It uses an enormous amount of plain text data available on the web.  
  • Trained in an unsupervised manner.


  • Sonnet is a deep learning library.  
  • It helps to construct neural networks for many different purposes.  
  • Sonnet is also simple to understand.


  • Keras-GAN generates realistic and coherent text.  
  • Keras-GAN helps with style transfer in text.  
  • It enables the transformation of the style of one piece of text to mimic the style of another. 


  • Patterns play a crucial role in NLP libraries.  
  • It helps us to identify structures, relationships, and trends within language data.  
  • NLP often involves analyzing and understanding text, and patterns help extract meaningful information.


  • It is important in NLP because it simplifies natural language processing tasks.  
  • It provides a simple API for common NLP operations. Those operations are like part-of-speech tagging, noun phrase extraction, and more.  
  • Its ease of use allows quick prototyping for NLP applications.


1. What is Natural Language Processing (NLP)?  

NLP is a field of artificial intelligence. This focuses on the interaction between computers and humans through natural language.  


2. What does an NLP library do?  

An NLP library provides tools and functions. Those are for processing and analyzing human language. It includes tasks like text classification, sentiment analysis, and named entity recognition.  


3. Which programming languages to use with NLP libraries?  

Python is used for NLP. Also used in popular libraries include NLTK, SpaCy, and the Natural Language Toolkit.  


4. What is the role of part-of-speech tagging in NLP?  

It assigns a grammatical category to each word in a sentence. This aids in syntactic analysis.  


5. Can NLP libraries handle many languages?  

Many NLP libraries support many languages. It supports many languages with varying degrees of skill depending on the library.  

Python object detection libraries are used for object detection in an image. It is a computer vision library to detect the objects present. 

The Python object detection libraries can be used to build a machine learning model for detecting objects in the images or videos. One of the best in class, Detectron, is Facebook AI Research’s software system that performs object detection with various state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms like Mask R-CNN. It is powered by the Caffe2 deep learning framework with the goal to provide a high-quality codebase for object detection research.

Pillow or PIL is another open-source Python library for image processing. With it, you can read, rescale, and save images in different formats. Part of the OpenMMLab project, MMDetection is a PyTorch-based object detection toolbox. The following is a comprehensive list of the best open-source libraries that you can use for object detection:

Open Source Intelligence has played a pivotal role in key events like tracing Covid-19 origins, MH17 downing, the Boston Marathon bombing, and the Myanmar refugee crisis. Approximately 500 million tweets are published every day, totaling over 200 billion posts in a year. Facebook users upload 350 million photos per day. YouTube users add nearly 720,000 hours of new video every day. Almost all devices are online today in the connected world.

While monitoring messages was exclusive to intelligence agencies, the tons of information available in the public realm today has made it possible for general and security enthusiasts to look for insights that might not have been possible earlier. The U.S. Department of State defines OSINT as "intelligence that is produced from publicly available information and is collected, exploited, and disseminated promptly to an appropriate audience to address a specific intelligence requirement."

Designed correctly, OSINT can reduce risk across a variety of common risks such as weather conditions, disease outbreaks, corporate risk management, data privacy, reputation management, in addition to higher-order tasks like national security and cybersecurity. Do not construe this as legal advice, promotion, or authorization to indulge in any activity whatsoever.

OSINT Framework

The OSINT framework enables gathering information from free tools or resources. The below open source libraries introduce and enable gathering information based on the OSINT Framework.

Target Reconnaissance

Recon-ng is a full-featured reconnaissance framework designed with the goal of providing a powerful environment to conduct open source web-based reconnaissance quickly and thoroughly.

Information Collection

theHarvester and similar tools gather emails, names, subdomains, IPs and URLs using multiple public data sources.

Track Online Assets

Shodan and Amass enable researchers to see the exposed assets.

Google Search

Google dorks provides information through the usage of operators, which are otherwise difficult to extract using simple searches.

Why aren't consumers allowed to fix their gadgets on their own terms? Advocates worldwide have been attempting to push for effective' right to repair' laws. The 'right to repair' movement has faced resistance from tech giants such as Apple, Amazon, Tesla, and Microsoft. They counter that opening up their design and IP to third-party services, or repairers could lead to IP misuse and reduce the safety and security of their devices.

The goal of the 'right to repair' movement is to get manufacturers of devices to make spares, tools, and the know-how to repair devices available to the public to increase the lifespan of products, improve recycling and eliminate waste.

US President Joe Biden signed an executive order calling on the Federal Trade Commission to curb restrictions imposed by manufacturers that limit consumers' ability to repair their gadgets on their terms. The UK also introduced right-to-repair rules that make it much easier to buy and repair daily-use gadgets.

kandi collection on Right to Repair - Service Management Solutions showcases popular libraries across stand-alone Repair and Service Management Solutions, Service Management Integrations to ECommerce and ERP and Predictive Maintenance libraries.

Repair and Service Management Solutions

Servo by fpsw, RepService by victordomingos, field-service by OCA, otrs by OTRS, felicity by Unotechsoftware and Geoclarity by babupriyavrat provide Repair and Service Management capabilities

Service Management Extensions for ECommerce and ERP

ofbiz-framework by apache and woocommerce-return-warranty-management by ChiliDevsTeam enable Service Management in ECommerce and ERP

Experiment with Predictive Maintenance

Try Predictive-Maintenance-using-LSTM by umbertogriffo, AI-PredictiveMaintenance by Azure and predictive-maintenance-using-machine-learning by awslabs to experiment with Predictive Maintenance

Python has quickly gone up the ranks to become the most sought-after language for statistics and data science. It is a high-level, object-oriented language.

We also have a thriving open-source Python community that keeps developing various unique libraries for maths, data analysis, mining, exploration, and visualization.

Keeping that in mind, here are some of the best Python libraries helpful for implementing statistical data. Pandas is a high-performance Python package with easy-to-grasp and expressive data structures. It is designed for rapid data manipulation and visualization and is the best tool when it comes to data munging or wrangling. With this 30k stars+ Github repository, you also get time series-specific functionality. Seaborn is essentially an extension of the Matplotlib plotting library with various advanced features and shorter syntax. With Seaborn, you can determine relationships between various variables, observe and determine aggregate statistics, and plot high-level and multi-plot grids. We also have Prophet, which is a forecasting procedure developed using Python and R. It’s quick and offers automated forecasts for time series data to be used by analysts.


  • Pandas offers robust structures like DataFrames for easy storage and manipulation of data.  
  • Efficient tools for aligning and managing data, simplifying data cleaning and preparation.  
  • Provides diverse functions for flexible data manipulation and analysis.  


  • Specialized in predicting future values in time series data.  
  • Can handle missing data and outliers effectively for reliable forecasting.  
  • Captures recurring patterns in data, especially those tied to seasons or cycles.  


  • Simplifies the creation of statistical graphics for a better understanding of data.  
  • Seamlessly works with Pandas DataFrames for easy data visualization.  
  • Allows users to tailor plots for a visually appealing presentation.  


  • Offers a variety of statistical models and hypothesis tests.  
  • Well-suited for economic and financial data analysis.  
  • Provides tools to visualize and summarize statistical information.


  • Enables concise and declarative creation of interactive visualizations.  
  • Leverages a powerful JSON specification for describing visualizations.  
  • Emphasizes simplicity and minimal code for creating sophisticated visualizations.  


  • Allows expressing complex statistical models using a probabilistic programming approach.  
  • Focuses on Bayesian statistical methods for uncertainty estimation.  
  • Integrates with Aesara for efficient symbolic mathematical expressions.  


  • Tools for addressing imbalances in class distribution within machine learning datasets.  
  • Integrates smoothly with Pandas DataFrames for preprocessing imbalanced data.  
  • Offers flexibility through customizable algorithms for imbalanced data handling.  


  • Specializes in analyzing and forecasting time series data.  
  • Provides a modular framework for easy extension and customization.  
  • Seamlessly integrates with other machine learning and deep learning libraries.  


  • Visualizes statistics related to HTTP requests made with the curl tool.  
  • Implemented as a compact Python script for simplicity.  
  • Works seamlessly with Python 3 for compatibility with the latest Python environments. 


  • Tools for manipulating time series data facilitating data preprocessing.  
  • Specialized in making predictions on time series data.  
  • Integrates with deep learning frameworks for advanced forecasting using neural networks.  


  • Focuses on modeling uncertainty in time series predictions.  
  • Integrates with Apache MXNet for efficient deep learning capabilities.  
  • Allows users to experiment with various modeling approaches and customize their models. 


  • Monitors and logs personal data continuously for self-analysis.  
  • Compatible with various platforms for versatility in data tracking.  
  • Aids in tracking and analyzing personal habits and activities for self-improvement.


  • Implements algorithms for efficient time series analysis using matrix profiles.  
  • Identifies recurring patterns or motifs in time series data.  
  • Utilizes parallel computing for faster and more efficient computations.  


  • Analyzes and provides insights into Git repositories.  
  • Features an interactive command-line interface for user-friendly exploration.  
  • Allows users to customize analysis output format.  


  • Logs data from sensors for environmental monitoring.  
  • Provides a user-friendly interface accessible through a web browser.  
  • Enables automation and control of devices based on collected sensor data.  


  • Implements models for probabilistic time series analysis.  
  • Scales efficiently for large datasets and complex models.  
  • Provides tools for diagnosing and evaluating the performance of statistical models.  


  • Automates the process of exploring and analyzing datasets.  
  • Allows for easy comparison of two datasets to identify differences.  
  • Provides flexibility in generating and customizing analysis reports.  


  • Enables efficient backtesting of trading strategies using vectorized operations.  
  • Provides tools for analyzing and visualizing trading strategy performance.  
  • Allows for flexible management of investment portfolios. 


  • Analyzes and presents historical metrics related to code development.  
  • Generates visual representations of code-related metrics.  
  • Includes metrics related to code contributor diversity.  


  • Automatically selects suitable ARIMA models for time series data.  
  • Decomposes time series data into seasonal components for analysis.  
  • Integrates with the scikit-learn library for seamless machine learning workflows.


  • Provides up-to-date information on the COVID-19 pandemic.  
  • Offers data at both global and country-specific levels.  
  • Presents COVID-19 data in a visual format for better understanding.  


  • Includes pre-trained natural language processing models for various tasks.  
  • Supports multiple languages for broader applicability.  
  • Allows users to customize and fine-tune models for specific tasks.


  • Retrieves data related to the National Basketball Association (NBA).  
  • Integrates seamlessly with NBA APIs for data access.  
  • Provides tools for analyzing and interpreting statistical aspects of NBA data.  


  • Offers a library for conducting various statistical analyses.  
  • Includes tools for analysis of variance (ANOVA) and regression analysis.  
  • Provides measures for quantifying the magnitude of observed effects in statistical tests.  


1. What makes Pandas a valuable tool for data manipulation and visualization?  

Pandas is a high-performance Python package with expressive data structures. It carries out rapid data manipulation and visualization. Its design and specialized time series functions make it ideal for data munging.  


2. How does Seaborn extend the functionality of the Matplotlib plotting library?  

Seaborn is an extension of Matplot lib, offering advanced features and shorter syntax. It enables users to determine relationships between variables, observe statistics, and plot high-level. This provides a more streamlined approach to data visualization.  


3. What unique features does Seaborn bring to data visualization?  

Seaborn provides advanced features for statistical data visualization. This includes 

  • the ability to determine relationships between variables, 
  • observe aggregate statistics, and 
  • easily create high-level and multi-plot grids. 

Its syntax is designed for simplicity and efficiency in plotting.  


4. What is the role of Prophet in time series forecasting, and why is it notable?  

Prophet is a forecasting procedure developed in Python and R. It offers quick and automated forecasts for time series data. It is user-friendly for analysts and generates accurate forecasts. It does not require extensive manual intervention.  


5. How can the Python community contribute to developing and improving these libraries?  

The Python community can contribute to library development. Contribute by participating in open-source projects, submitting bug reports, and engaging in discussions. Contributing code, documentation, or insights in forums continuously enhances these libraries. 

One of the reasons Python trading libraries are a good choice for financial market analysis is that Python is an OOP language.

Each function in Python and the data manipulated by it belong to a unique object, making it possible to abstract individual functions. Quantitative finance banks on backtesting trading strategies - Python modules provide pre-written code with the lowest possible error potential, making it a reliable language for risk analysis. Augmenting a Python code with a robust framework such as Django enables developers to create an analysis tool capable of machine learning and time series analysis of the market.

Here is a great list of useful Python stock market tracker libraries you can use as a readymade solution for your programs. For crawling the historical data, specifically of China stocks, install the Tushare library. Another great library to have in your collection is yfinance, which gives you the capability of downloading market data. Qlib is a great tool for quantitative investments, providing the trader with capability of using AI in their stock trading applications.


  • It provides access to financial data from various sources. 
  • It is valuable for stock market tracking and analysis. 
  • It helps in cleaning and preprocessing financial data. It saves time for analysts and researchers.


  • It is a quantitative investment library for Python.   
  • Its importance lies in its features tailored for quantitative finance and algorithmic trading.  
  • It supports live trading. It allows users to install and execute their strategies in real-time markets.  


  • It is a Python library used in User Interface, Frontend Framework, Angular applications.  
  • It is a Linux & BSD modular server admin panel.  
  • It is a web-based control panel for managing systems. It includes a dashboard for monitoring various aspects of a system.


  • It provides a simple interface to download financial data from Yahoo Finance.  
  • It allows you to access a diverse set of financial data. It includes historical stock prices, dividends, and splits.  
  • Being used, yfinance benefits from an active community.  


  • It is a Python library used in Analytics, Predictive Analytics applications.  
  • It is a stock trading bot powered by Trump tweets.  
  • The code is written in Python and run on a Google Compute Engine instance.  


  • It is a Python library designed for quantitative finance and algorithmic trading.  
  • It provides a framework for backtesting. Also, it provides a paper on trading strategies using historical market data.  
  • RQAlpha aims to make it accessible for those starting with algorithmic trading.  


  • They are crucial for time series prediction in Python stock market tracker libraries.  
  • The importance lies in the capacity to learn and remember information.  
  • They excel in handling temporal relationships, making them well-suited for predicting stock prices.   


  • pandas-ta (Technical Analysis) is an extension library for Pandas.  
  • It helps to ease the technical analysis of financial market data.  
  • This allows for a thorough analysis of price movements. It helps in making informed trading decisions.  


  • clairvoyant techniques, or predictive analytics, can be important for forecasting future stock prices.  
  • By leveraging historical data and various algorithms, this aims to predict market trends.  
  • This can assist traders and investors in making informed decisions. Its basis is future price movements.  


  • It is crucial to evaluate the performance of trading strategies using historical data.  
  • It allows you to simulate and test how a specific strategy would have performed in the past.  
  • It helps traders and developers refine their strategies and optimize parameters.  


  • It helps in Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning applications.  
  • It is a Deep Learning based Python Library for Stock Market Prediction and Modelling.  
  • It has built files available, and it has medium support. But bulbea has a Non-SPDX License. You can download it from GitHub.  


  • It is a Python library used in Web Site, Business applications.  
  • Traders often check these trends for potential investment insights.  
  • It helps to see trending stock tickers on Reddit and check Stock performance.  


  • It helps in Institutions, Learning, Education, Artificial Intelligence, ML, Nodejs, Unity apps.  
  • This project uses reinforcement learning on stock market. Its agent tries to learn trading.  
  • The goal is to check if the agent can learn to read tapes. 


  • It helps in Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning applications.  
  • It is a module for loading data from Yahoo Finance.  
  • It is a folder to save data dictionaries for later use.


  • It is a type of neural network designed for analyzing and predicting stock market data.  
  • It can capture these dynamics. This allows more accurate predictions compared to simpler models.  
  • Identifies the most important factors affecting stock prices without explicit feature engineering.  


  • AIAlpha refers to the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities.  
  • Integrating AIAlpha in stock market trackers allows for dynamic portfolio management.  
  • It enables stock market trackers to make decisions based on more analysis of data.  


  • Personae, or personas, is a Python stock market tracker library.  
  • It refers to the user roles or profiles that interact with the software.  
  • Active traders may use real-time data and technical analysis tools. It also has customizable dashboards for quick decision-making.  


  • It is a Python library used in Analytics and Predictive Analytics applications.  
  • It is an open-source stock market analysis software. This software uses Elasticsearch to store Twitter and news headlines data for stocks.  
  • It analyzes the emotions of what the author writes and does sentiment analysis on the text.


  • It is a Python library used in Web Services, REST, and Pandas applications. It allows you to access financial data from Yahoo Finance.   
  • Its importance lies in providing a convenient and accessible way to retrieve information.  
  • It simplifies the process of fetching and working with stock-related information.  


  • fooltrader is a Python library used in websites and business applications.   
  • It is a tool or library related to stock market tracking. You can install it using 'pip install fooltrader' or download it from GitHub or PyPI.  
  • Its importance would depend on its features, accuracy, and community support.  


  • ML models can analyze historical stock data to identify patterns and trends. It aids in predicting future stock prices.  
  • It can help assess risk by analyzing market volatility, enabling better-informed investment decisions.  
  • It can process large datasets, extracting valuable information for making informed investment decisions.  


1. What is a Python stock market tracker library?  

A Python stock market tracker library is a set of tools and functions. Those tools and functions access, retrieve and analyze financial market data. It particularly allows us to retrieve stock prices using Python programming language.  

2. How do I install a stock market tracker library in Python?  

You can use a package manager like pip to install a stock market tracker library. For example, you can use pip install yfinance for Yahoo Finance API.  

3. What are some popular Python stock market tracker libraries?  

Some popular libraries include yfinance, pandas_datareader, and alpha_vantage. These libraries provide interfaces to access financial data from various sources.  

4. Can I track real-time stock prices with Python?  

Yes, some libraries, like yfinance and alpha_vantage, provide real-time stock price data. Keep in mind that real-time data might come with limitations depending on the data source.  

5. How do I retrieve historical stock data using Python?  

You can use functions provided by libraries. Those libraries are like yfinance or pandas_datareader to fetch historical stock data.   

For example:  

With yfinance, you can use history = yf.download("AAPL", start="2022-01-01", end="2023-01-01").  

On this Labor Day, I was pondering on the advances made in labor laws and opportunities. The US Labor Day and the International Workers' Day (May 1) date back to the 1880s. The early Labor days were a celebration of unions and early wins on legalizing the eight-hour workday. The subsequent focus was on establishing weekends, sick days, and paid time off. Now some 140 years later, the top labor issues are very much similar. The US Department of Labor lists Discrimination and Harassment, Wrongful Termination, Family and Medical Leave, Minimum Wage, Unsafe Workplace Conditions, and Workers' Compensation for Illness or Injury as the top employment issues. The kandi kit on Top Labor Issues and Solutions showcases open source and reusable libraries across these core issues of Discrimination, Harassment and Wrongful Discharge, Compensation, Family and Medical Leaves, Minimum Wage, Overtime, and Misclassification, and Workplace Safety. While there are a few hundred reusable libraries on each topic, there is still a significant opportunity for developing solutions. If you find any other libraries or use cases, publish them through your own kit.

Discrimination, Harassment and Wrongful Termination

These libraries cover topics across bias and discrimination across the employment lifecycle of hiring, pay, and termination/ discharge.

Compensation, Family and Medical Leaves

These libraries cover topics across Compensation for Illness or Injury, and Family and Medical Leaves.

Workplace Safety

These libraries cover topics across Unsafe Workplace Complaints and Conditions.

Minimum Wage, Overtime, and Misclassification

These libraries cover topics across Minimum Wage, Overtime, and Misclassification, and an interesting library to see your web purchases in multiples of minimum wages to emphasize the enormity of the issue.

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