mailinabox | Box helps individuals take back control of their email | Email library

 by   mail-in-a-box Python Version: v60.1 License: CC0-1.0

kandi X-RAY | mailinabox Summary

kandi X-RAY | mailinabox Summary

mailinabox is a Python library typically used in Messaging, Email, Docker, Wordpress applications. mailinabox has no bugs, it has no vulnerabilities, it has a Permissive License and it has medium support. However mailinabox build file is not available. You can download it from GitHub.

By [@JoshData] and [contributors] Mail-in-a-Box helps individuals take back control of their email by defining a one-click, easy-to-deploy SMTP+everything else server: a mail server in a box.

            kandi-support Support

              mailinabox has a medium active ecosystem.
              It has 12136 star(s) with 1348 fork(s). There are 298 watchers for this library.
              It had no major release in the last 12 months.
              There are 458 open issues and 1110 have been closed. On average issues are closed in 367 days. There are 49 open pull requests and 0 closed requests.
              It has a neutral sentiment in the developer community.
              The latest version of mailinabox is v60.1

            kandi-Quality Quality

              mailinabox has 0 bugs and 0 code smells.

            kandi-Security Security

              mailinabox has no vulnerabilities reported, and its dependent libraries have no vulnerabilities reported.
              mailinabox code analysis shows 0 unresolved vulnerabilities.
              There are 0 security hotspots that need review.

            kandi-License License

              mailinabox is licensed under the CC0-1.0 License. This license is Permissive.
              Permissive licenses have the least restrictions, and you can use them in most projects.

            kandi-Reuse Reuse

              mailinabox releases are available to install and integrate.
              mailinabox has no build file. You will be need to create the build yourself to build the component from source.
              Installation instructions, examples and code snippets are available.
              mailinabox saves you 3609 person hours of effort in developing the same functionality from scratch.
              It has 7856 lines of code, 298 functions and 44 files.
              It has high code complexity. Code complexity directly impacts maintainability of the code.

            Top functions reviewed by kandi - BETA

            kandi has reviewed mailinabox and discovered the below as its top functions. This is intended to give you an instant insight into mailinabox implemented functionality, and help decide if they suit your requirements.
            • Scan mail log
            • Print a user table
            • Scans the mail log file
            • Print a time table
            • Generate HTML documentation
            • Fix up special characters
            • Parse a bash script
            • Parse bash script file
            • Runs the status checks
            • Run checks
            • Return a list of custom DNS configuration files
            • Set DNS record
            • Write a custom DNS configuration file
            • Send a request to the management server
            • Write a custom DNS configuration dictionary
            • Return a list of custom DNS servers
            • Provide certificate information
            • Create a new login session
            • Return the status of the SSL certificates
            • Show system status
            • Runs the checks
            • Get the status of a user
            • Run Duplicity verification
            • Run migrations
            • Check the status of a service
            • Decorator that ensures that the user is logged in
            • Kick an Environment
            • Perform a full backup
            • Run a munin command using munin
            Get all kandi verified functions for this library.

            mailinabox Key Features

            No Key Features are available at this moment for mailinabox.

            mailinabox Examples and Code Snippets

            No Code Snippets are available at this moment for mailinabox.

            Community Discussions


            Send/Receive/View/Access WebMail(i.e:"") Emails Over Basic HTML Version WebSite From Basic WebBrowser
            Asked 2020-Dec-26 at 02:49

            QUESTION(s) : (1) How can users or I have direct-access (aka: view, send, receive, etc capacity) for  web-emails/web-mails (i.e:"") , from  simple/basic/lightweight/mobile  web-browser  thru/over  secure/encrypted  connection  and by using their  plain/basic/lite/lightweight/mobile  HTML  version based  web-service/WEBSITE/SITE ?
            and  (2) What Other Alternative Web-Mails Solutions (preferably: free solutions) I/User Can Use To  Send/Receive  Emails ?
            and  (3) Which Sites/URLs Need To Be Added In Cookie-Or-Script EXCEPTION List, To Allow Communication With Web Mail Servers ?

            if you have NO time to read more info, or if you have NO-respect that i/someone can have different preferences/choices, etc, or if you don't want to figure-out 1orMore solutions for my/user's problems, or avoid/skip when you don't want to helpout )

            abbr :  i.e.=in-example . aka=also-known-as .

            Why using "" ?  Instead of using all of these (, HushMail, ProtonMail, Tutanota, Zoho-Mail, Mailfence, iCloud, Excite-Mail, etc ) WebMail based mail/email service providers (ESP/MSP) NAME AGAIN & AGAIN , here i will use only  ""  to refer to all/any of these webmail based ESP/MSP.

            Few EXAMPLEs of simple/plain HTML version based website/webservice to access emails, which is also known as basic webmail/webemail service, etc.

            GMAIL : any user can access "GMail" (from Google) emails over their secured & plain HTML version site, by using below link:
            and to use Standard version (with all features) back again, this can be used:
            Reference for "GMail":

            • GMail also allows free access by using these mail-server services:
              IMAPS or POP3S,
              and SMTPS,
              Note: select Connection-Security: TLS/SSL, Auth-Method: "Normal Password".

            YAHOO : any user can access "Yahoo" emails over their secured & plain HTML version site, by using below link:
            and to access "Yahoo" emails over standard HTML version site:

            • Yahoo emails can also be accessed for free by using free IMAPS+POP3S+SMTPS mail-server services directly from Email-Client programs, more info:
              IMAPS or POP3S,
              and SMTPS,
              Note: select Connection-Security: TLS/SSL, Auth-Method: OAuth2.

            Hotmail/Outlook/Live/MSN/etc : Microsoft(MS) Outlook/Hotmail/Live/etc free email service(s) can be accessed for free on "" or "" website(s) . The "" site includes an option (which is available after login via standard-HTML mode) to access site/service over "Light Version" mode , Once/when that is set/enabled then MS webmail service allows to access emails over plain HTML site.

            • And MS also allows free IMAPS+POP3S+SMTPS mail-server access, which can be used from plain email-clients, for accessing emails of free email-account (or free microsoft account). To access emails use the info from "MSN" line shown here:
              IMAPS or POP3S,
              and SMTPS,
              Note: select Connection-Security: TLS/SSL, Auth-Method: "Normal Password". As normal-password goes thru TLS/SSL encrypted connection so its fine & secure (if its using strong encryption).
              Tell/Inform Microsoft to SWITCH from STARTTLS into TLS/SSL, as TLS/SSL is more secure than STARTTLS . STARTTLS can be abused 1, 2, 3, 4 to violate Privacy-Rights of users: to STEAL-from Or SPY-on users.
            • QUESTION: Can "" (Outlook/Hotmail/Live,etc) free emails be accessed over plain-HTML site by using a specific URL (like something that is similar to Yahoo/Google) without enabling the "LightVersion"-option ?


            WebMail/WebService access is needed into online webmail based email/mail service providers (ESP/MSP).
            "" MSP seems to NOT-provide any free IMAPS/POP3S based services to free-accounts holders to get/view their received emails, and neither provides any free SMTPS service(s) to send emails outward from free-accounts . So it appears that, only free options i/user with free-accounts have, are to use their services either thru "" website from any web-browser, or access their site thru their own "" app . And their official app also does not have any option to use PGP/OpenPGP/GPG/SMIME based secured emails.

            • Another problem is, "" Or it's parent-company seems to use too many other micro web-services from too many other sub-domains, etc !!!
              "" & its sub-domains are not DNSSEC+DANE signed, so users cannot be 100% sure if they are using authentic site/service.
            • So i (and users) need to know How to easily send+receive+view "" emails from simple/BASIC/LIGHTWEIGHT WEB-BROWSER, by using secured/encrypted connection but over plain-HTML or lightweight-HTML version of web-email web-service from "".
            • It will also be okay, if "" can be directly accessed (for free-accounts) from email-client programs (i.e: Thunderbird, SeaMonkey, etc) by using some addons on the email-client, e.g: BrowseInTab, ThunderBrowse, WebApp, WebMail, etc . Do you know of any other/better addons ? ( this wud be my preferred way for accessing "" )
            • And please also share info with me+users about same for other (major) online Email Service Providers, if you know & if you want to.
            • Please assume i'm using a very simple & basic (or lightweight) web-browser, or pls assume i'm using a very basic email-client program.
            • Similar to "", these following email-service (webmail / web-service based) providers also do not provide free IMAPS/POP3S/SMTPS access to free email-account users, but provide only HTTPS(port-443) protocol based web-service/web-access (webpage based email access) for free , So they are "webmail"-providers . Many users from below email-services also need a solution (to my top-side question), to access emails by using email-service provider's basic/plain HTML version website to use from basic/lightweight web-browser software or to use from basic/lightweight email-client software.
              • Webmail-providers: HushMail, ProtonMail, Tutanota, Zoho-Mail, Mailfence, iCloud, Excite-Mail, etc.
                But these service providers should provide atleast POP3S+SMTPS protocol based access for free, as those 2-protocols are minimum & being used atleast from 1984, and needed for accessing emails from email-client software, and also needed to easily send+receive secure (signed or encrypted or encrypted+signed) emails.

            Another major/big usage & need of having web-access for emails (aka: webmail, aka: web-browser based access) : in my case, its for accessing MY-OWN SELF-HOSTED1, 2 (small) MAIL-SERVER , And similarly many other users & teams & groups, etc also need to have web-access into emails, either for their business or for their own project or simply for their own personal/private usage, by SELF-HOSTING.

            • Such mail-servers (comparison) usually use open-source & free software, and owner/user often/usually use less-powerful or overloaded SERVER computers, and often/usually many mail-servers do not have a widely accepted public-CA (certificate-authority) based SSL/TLS cert/certificate configured for it (and may instead use a simple free self-signed TLS/SSL-cert ) , and some mail-servers also get overloaded because of extra memory-usage & extra computing resources consumed by virus/malware/spamware checker, scanner,etc software.
              • Recently, free SSL/TLS certs from a CA : LE(Let's-Encrypt 1, 2) has been widely used, (and even more recently another new-comer CA : ZS(ZeroSSL 1) is becoming popular over its ease of usage) . So LE based SSL/TLS cert has began to increase encryption usage in Web+Email servers & so user's (and server owner's) Privacy is increasing.
              • And, if individual or small-business or small-group/team based mail-server operator wants to, then they/he/she can avoid execessive protocols by reducing usage of specific 4-protocols : IMAP4S/993, POP3S/995, Mail-Submission/587, Mail-Submission-Over-TLS/465,
                and instead they/he/she can increase usage of 2-protocols : HTTPS/443 protocol based webmail to interact with end-users, & SMTPS/25 protocol to send emails-to (or receive emails-from) remote (mail) servers.
              • Users can easily create Mail-Servers with these free (and open-source) mail-server-bundle (aka: mail-server-suite, aka: mail-server-package, aka: mail-server-stack) : Mail-in-a-Box , MailCow (for Docker) , Modoboa, Usermin(webmail), iRedMail+iRedAdmin (opensource edition of this combo only has four features), etc.
              • There are also many (open-source) server-admin (aka: hosting server control panel) type of software, which can also create full-featured mail-server (and also many other servers) : Webmin+Virtualmin , GNUpanel, ISPConfig, etc, etc . You may also see a Comparison of server control panel in wikipedia site, or here.

            BASIC WEB-BROWSER:
            A lightweight/plain/simple HTML site/website usually uses very simple basic/plain HTML, may use simple CSS styles, may use very very less JS(JavaScripts) or No JS at all, does not use any Flash/Java or any other objects/medias, etc.

            A plain-HTML site/website/web-service is usually tuned/optimized to work on a small-scale or light-footprint web-browsers that usually supports minimum+safe standard (or latest/best) security (encryption/decryption) protocols, but lightweight browsers usually do not have advanced viewing/interface support/capabilities (that is, they may lack big/wide screen, so lightweight web-browsers need to show less elements to make minimal items meaningful for the User so that User can use it by touch/tap/mouse), and lightweight browsers often/usually running on a device which has very-less computing-resources available (or low-speed or low FLOP/S microprocessor), etc constraints.
            More info on lightweight web-browsers:
            More info on mobile web-browsers:

            "Email-Clients" means, a type of program, which allows to receive/send/view emails. More info:

            Internet or computer-network connection ports used by email/mail handling systems:
            ISP = Internet Service Provider, they also provide Mail Service, so they are also MSP.
            MSP = Mail Service Provider. For example: online mail/email service provider, webmail/web-email service provider, etc.
            IMAPS/IMAP or POPS/POP service are used to view/get emails (from mail-server into user's (email) client software/app). SMTP service is used to send emails.
            PROTOCOL(aka: Service) : PORT# ;
            IMAPS/IMAP4S : 993 (encrypted) ; IMAP/IMAP4 : 143 (not-encrypted, usually not-private) ;
            POPS/POP3S : 995 (encrypted) ; POP/POP3 : 110 (not-encrypted, usually not-private) ;
            SMTP/SMTPS : 25 (usually used for Email Server To Server communication, can be encrypted or not-encrypted, depends on email-server software capability, and it is usually allowed in business-class ISP connections, and usually not-allowed in residential-class ISP connections, Email-clients used inside business-class connections can use port 25 to send emails) ;
            SMTPS/SMTP (Mail-Submission) : 587 (usually for Email-Clients in residential ISP connections, and usually STARTTLS encrypted, but it may use non-encrypted protocol) ; If your ISP/MSP uses STARTTLS then tell/push them to switch into TLS/SSL, as TLS/SSL is more secure than STARTTLS . STARTTLS can be abused 1, 2, 3, 4 to violate Privacy-Rights of users: to STEAL-from Or SPY-on users ;
            SMTPS/SMTP (Message Submission Over TLS protocol) : 465 (usually for Email-Clients in residential-class connections, and usually TLS/SSL encrypted) ;
            HTTPS (Secure-HTTP) : 443 (webmail. web-service. SSL/TLS encrypted. For accessing (view, receive, send) emails by using web-browsers) ;
            HTTP : 80 (not-encrypted, not-private) (Avoid using it) ;

            When info/msg is sent/received by using Not-Encrypted protocol(s) or by using unencrypted (aka open) protocol(s), in such case, email/message contents can be immediately viewed+stored+cached by anyone in the middle, so private-info is not-private anymore.

            By the way, my question is NOT about an Email's message (or email body or content) viewing (or writing) formats or choices like these: "Plain Text" Email, or, "HTML" Email.

            EXTRA  INFO:
            if you have NO time to read more info, or if you have NO-respect that i/someone can have different preferences/choices, etc )

            Encrypted protocols help to protect information/data privacy, when info/data is transiting/going thru Internet, in-between User's (local) device/computer and remote web server (or remote service provider). Encrypted protocols can keep data private+secured for some short amount of time, until the encryption is weakened/cracked/broken after some time by using various reckless schemes/backdoors by violating user's Privacy-Rights, these schemes/backdoors are also discovered+accessed by many other harmful & more-reckless entities/persons.

            • If regular person or their children have no "cloth"-protection of their body, & only special-group & rich can have "cloth" (or special+rich are also purposefully removing their cloth), then, those special & rich won, and achieved the harm on regular person (e.g: virus infections, sun-burn/cancer, social-chaos from nudity, hospital+pharma industries make more money, only special/rich/corrupt persons are allowed to do unethical & immoral closed-door secret discussions that affects billions of people, etc backward+uncivilized) . "Encryption" is like "Cloth" in internet, & more. We all must have cloth(real-world)+encryption(cyber-world) . All internet devices can have varieties of encryption software, no special hardware is needed for encryption, just math based encryption can work fine on all devices, So all must use one of the available encryption from a common set of encryption , we must work-on real innovative+constructive ways (instead of backward ways or thief's ways) to fix & make sure cloth+encryption not-abused by anyone, but definitely Not by going backward by breaking,removing, backdooring,weakening it , such removalsteller-wind, prism, echelon, xkeyscore, USA-spy-on-UN of real-encryption has endangered security & privacy of data & human life/safety support/depending systems, etc, that is why Privacy-Rights has high priority & placed at number 4th place as 4th-AmendmentACLU, Law.Cornell.Edu, B in USA-Constitution (1791) . UN/EU also supports Privacy-Rights (1948 Article-12 section of UDHR, also 2014 Res-69/166, etc), all member-states signed/agreed with it.
            • With Guns,Powers(Lawfares/Abusive-Laws/Impunities) mainly in the hand of one major race of Police/LawEnforcement/JusticeDept side, have created massive civil inequalities & massive systematic crimes+corruption, and it empowered harmful racism, etc, etc , So Guns,Powers,Lawfares,etc need to be equal for all side and all must have equal+same+easy access , that is why we have 2nd-Amendment in 2nd highest priority place . One person or only some-people cannot be above the Law . Law must be applied equally on anyone & all, whoever will meet the Law's criteria . If all cannot have same set of Guns,tools,etc, and, if all do-not have same & easy equal-access to those , then one solution is : all must give-up those Guns,tools,etc & also sacrifice access to those , to create equality & justice for all . Disarming people from their self-protection tools is not-good, only bad people/dictator benefits from absence of those tools, bcuz then they know they do not have to fear people when they will commit more crime or abuse more pople or loot more money from people . All People need training/education on these responsibility, (for example: to handle Vehicles/Cars, driving training+test(s) are needed, right ? so to handle those tools, training+tests are also needed ) , and LawEnforcement person needs to have ATLEAST 10-TIMES MORE TRAINING+TEST & atleast 10-TIMES MORE HUMANITY INSIDE THEIR BRAIN+HEART , TO REALLY "SERVE-&-PROTECT" PEOPLE INSTEAD OF "STEAL-&-KILL" their life/privacy,etc . All human need regular/frequent TEST for (real-world) eligibility to carry/have/access these tools to response+stop attacks by evil-people who are inside the country . Similarly, All people must also have equal training & easy-access to similar tools to use inside internet(cyber-world) to response+stop attacks & data-theft by Evil-Corporations, evil-entities, evil-thief-agencies, etc that are inside the country.

            End of EXTRA-INFO.

            END OF DETAILS.



            Answered 2020-Dec-26 at 02:49

            Most of the WebMail service providers with free-service support basic/mobile web-browser and ofcourse supports general/full web-browser.
            These type of service provider's web-mail-servers can detect user's (client-side) web-browser software, by detecting the User-Agent string & can switch & transfer to that mode of specific web-pages.

            Below solution # 1 worked on basic lightweight web-browser, so it partially answers your question's 1st part,
            and solution # 2 is the answer for your 2nd & 3rd part of the question.

            SOLUTION # 1 :
            Web Access Based Solution For Basic Web-Browsers:
            In basic web-browser "qutebrowser" (with JS support) just goto website.

            • "" web-servers will detect your browser & approximate location & connect your browser into appropriate web-servers related to those, just enable JS for only 7 sites/addresses shown in below, that should be sufficient, to access (view, send, receive) your emails.
            • I have tested "qutebrowser" v1.13.1 on MacOSX Catalina (64bit-only macOS) & it works fine, by the way qutebrowser installer for MacOSX is 144MB as it includes all dependencies, & so it uses half-gigabyte space after decompress.
            • if your basic/lightweight web-browser does not support JS, then this solution # 1 will not work, So wait for someone else to answer with a solution for that problem.

            SOLUTION # 2 :
            Website/webmail/Web-Service Access Based Solution For Thunderbird (Email-Client):
            this solution/process is the preferred way, as mentioned in above/OP's Question.
            Tested + worked on Thunderbird ( v68.12.1 ).

            • Load "BrowseInTab" Thunderbird addon : Thunderbird > Tools > Addons > in "Find More Extensions" box, type: BrowseInTab
              click on [ + Add To Thunderbird ] button > "Add" > restart Thunderbird.

            • now send a HTML-formatted email (not plain-text Email) , into any one of the email-address (or email account) that is already setup in your Thunderbird, in that email you must send an URL LINK, this link:
              If you need to connect to a different site, then change above site.

            • goto Thunderbird "Preferences"/"Options"/Settings > Privacy > goto "Web Content" section.

              it should by-default have the option "Accept Cookies From Sites" unselected, for now keep it like that, (if not unseleted, then unselect it), in that row in right side, there is a button [ Exceptions ], click on that, then type-in (or copy from here) each of below web-address (URL) into the "Address of Website" textbox, & then press [ Add ]/[ Allow ] button, after all 7-sites are entered, then press [ Save Changes ]:

     (Mobile/Basic Version) web-service:

              • Above list is valid for users in (southern) California, USA.
              • NOTE: number 4 & 5 web-addresses (or URL(s) or site-addresses) may be DIFFERENT for your location.
              • FF = Firefox . TB = Thunderbird.
              • EXCEPTION / EXCLUSION LIST (BASIC/MOBILE VERSION) : How To Obtain Basic/Mobile Version Service URLs ? To find out, what exact URLs/sites are used by BASIC or MOBILE version web-service (for-example: ""), you will have to load "NoScript", "User-Agent Switcher", "User-Agent Switcher and Manager" addons on a regular FF=Firefox web-browser . Start TB, send yourself one HTML based email with an URL/LINK in it, either this URL/LINK: "" or this "" , open that message/email in TB , right-click on url/link , click-on "Open Link in New Tab" , TB will open the URL/LINK in a new browser-tab inside TB . Copy user-agent string code of your TB that will be shown there . Open another browser-tab in FF , and set/change that FF tab's User-Agent string by using the User-Agent switching/changing addon, & set/change default User-Agent string of FF into the User-Agent string code obtained from TB . Then visit the "" website in that FF tab , website/web-service will provide web-pages to Firefox tab, based on Thunderbird's User-Agent string code that we setup in FF earlier . One by one allow+add URLs which MUST be approved/allowed in NoScript addon, for the web-service to work . Now we have a list, this is the EXCEPTION LIST for using basic/mobile web-service.
              • add "" web-addresses in NoScript addon except for the number 4 & 5 . When you will "sign-in" into "" website, then you will see, immediately after sign-in with correct email-address & correct password, that, Firefox web-browser's URL bar is showing a slightly different website address, MAY BE its not exactly same as number 4 shown as above, write down the part after the word "navigator-" or the "3c-" . So this new part of server-name word is what you have to use after the "navigator-" for the above URL/web-address # 4 in your case, and use that same part also after the "3c-" for the URL # 5 . So now you know & can enter the correct URL # 4 & 5 , so enter those inside the Thunderbird's Cookie EXCEPTION list.
            • goto the received email which has the link
              in Thunderbird (TB) > right-click on that link > you will see an new option "Open Link in New Tab", use that, a new browser Tab will open up in Thunderbird.

            • now you can access (view, receive, send) your emails on "" site itself directly, from your Email-client program, over port-443 based secured+encrypted (HTTPS + TLS/SSL) connection.

            • This Tab in TB should stay open, when you close/open TB next time.

            • regularly clear TRACKING-DATA (aka: COOKIES) inside TB.

            • Since you're using (basic browser) web browser tab(s) inside Thunderbird, & it will not-only connect with primary webmail website, but will also connect with too many different types of websites, So you MUST also install protection addon : AdBlock (or alternative) addon to stop intrusive/annoying/data-stealing ADs. I prefer to use uBlock-Origin addon. But user may Allow simple or Text based small ADs which do not steal (your data) & has obtained your specific permission.

            If you/user want to use "" mail services normally, thru default general full version web UI (user-interface), but inside the Thunderbird browser-tab (or inside other minimal or basic web-browser), then, also allow these URLs (along with previous 7-URLs in above), as "" uses these for full version UI:

            • (Full/default Version) web-service:
              You may/should AVOID adding below:
              26. Advertisements from , location tracking from, usage profiling+tracking,etc from

            If you look into above multiple web-services, it can be very easily said, "" DO NOT RESPECT USER's PRIVACY-RIGHTS, AND "" IS VIOLATING+ABUSING PRIVACY-RIGHTS , they are sharing PRIVATE data with too many ESP (external-service-providers) (aka: TPSP = 3rd-party service providers), vendors, etc , using too many APIs from ESP/TPSP, vendors, etc.

            If your phone sends your voice, fingerprint, face, etc your PRIVATE biometric data outside of your phone into remote server for processing or whatever, then that is huge THEFT & STEALING AND Violation+Abuse of Privacy-Rights , because phone can use builtin+INTERNAL software, tools, etc for processing.

            So similar way, the services that for-example: "", a WebMail service provider needs, those must be used+processed INSIDE the "" SERVERS (inside's premise & under their control), their ESP/TPSP/vendors,etc can have remote access into their software (inside "" server), but not any access into user's PRIVATE DATA/database, etc . Private data must not travel/copied outside of "" servers . So "" should create different sub-domain for their each ESP/TPSP/vendor,etc.

            If a person/entity really wishes to NOT violate/abuse human-rights , then there are always (many) ways for that.

            various (remote) web-service & other online service providers may/often use OAuth (OAuth 2.0, etc) based verification to allow user to sign-in/login into their site/service-site from user's/client's software . OAuth verification process need to save a token as a Cookie inside your web-browser software , this process uses HTTPS/443 protocol based connection via a web-browser . If your web-browser blocks cookies, to create safety, from tracking cookies of various human-rights violating websites/web-services, etc , then you/user have to allow OAuth verification related specific cookies by adding specific OAuth verification related websites/webservices, into your web-browser's Cookie/Script EXCEPTION LIST . After that OAuth verification related sign-in/login will succeed & an approved token as a cookie will be saved . OAuth verification may use one or few more extra web-sites/URLs from your (remote) service provider, than the sites that are generally used for a general login/sign-in . When this token/cookie is saved & available inside a client software, then it can be used to verify user's client-software (that i connecting with (remote) service provider) for various other protocol based services, for-example: IMAP/POP3, SMTP mail-server services, IM(instant-messaging) chat network services, etc, etc.

            Normally without OAuth, user have to verify from the client software's connection into the (remote) web-server that it is indeed he himself (or she herself) is accessing the (remote) web-services, by providing the password (web-service access main/master password) as a proof each time, or by saving this main/master password inside the software . So if this client software is hacked or a backdoor/bug/vulnerability is found then harmful entity may/will also have the main/master password and takeover your account . But this risk can be reduced, by saving a token/cookie instead of the main/master password, and use that token/cookie to prove that its you who is accessing the service from that client software . If you suspect there was a remote access event occurred in your computer/device, then just clear saved token/cookie/password, & re-verify via OAuth to save a new token/cookie . Harmful entity when obtains the token/cookie can access your some data, but not all data, as other sensitive data access (may) require entering main/master password.

            So even OAuth has weakness1, 2, 3 & strength1, so use wisely where & when appropriate . When its used with other SECURED process only THEN it can be better.

            Client software/app which cannot handle web-browser connection to use OAuth, for those type of app/clients, you can go into your web-service provider's website, find-out the section that allows to generate/create a TP(Third-Party) App Access Key (AAK) code, or Secure Mail Key (SMK) code, etc . This type of (app access key) code should be used as password in/with your client-software, then main/master-password remains safe . This is much better solution than OAuth.
            Some service-providers will allow you to use (app) access-key in your client-software first, then they will also allow to use OAuth if you need-to.

            TB = Thunderbird .

            EXCEPTION / EXCLUSION LIST (OAUTH RELATED) : First, please follow the procedure shown in above "" section on How to find-out & add EXCEPTION to allow BASIC/MOBILE VERSION based access service by using a basic web-browser (or by using builtin browser-tab inside TB email-client software).
            Then Begin OAuth verification process in your client software , open OAuth verification URL in a web-browser (or open inside TB's builtin browser-tab) , in bottomside near app border AND in topside URL bar, you will see which web-sites it is attempting to connect or connecting, etc , either take screen-shot picture(s) whenever URL/website changes by pressing specific screenshot buttons , or write down each URLs when URL changes.
            If only one extra site/website is needed for OAuth, then after adding that one site (in EXCEPTION list) , oauth verification will complete, but as it is still not yet inside the Exception list, OAuth will not succeed , So add the URL/website in web-browser's (or TB's) Cookie/Script EXCEPTION list . And again initiate OAuth verification in your client software/app . this time it will succeed.
            If oauth verification need to use multiple sites, then you will also have to add multiple times different URLs in EXCEPTION list, and you also have to initiate oauth verification process multiple times from client software.
            When oauth succeeds then you're done.
            Time to share that list with others (please mention if 2FA option was enabled in your case or not).
            Share only URL portion, not the portion that is after the left-side first single / slash:

            For example, below pictures showing OAuth verification process during adding a new mail-account inside Thunderbird email client software.

            • after pressing the "Done" button during adding/creating New Mail-Account in Thunderbird=TB , TB email client software has initiated OAuth2 verification process in browser-tab
            • after adding few more yahoo related URLs into Exception-list, Yahoo asking user to Sign-In with Yahoo main/master password, to verify & find-out indeed an authentic user has initiated this process or not
            • Yahoo verifying user is authentic or not with 2FA type of verification, showing 2FA verification options
            • Yahoo sending 2FA notification in their Yahoo Mail mobile app in user's smartphone
            • Yahoo asking user to approve TB client/app for OAuth
            • Thunderbird email client app is approved & added into authorized/approved app list, and it can be seen (via Firefox) inside Yahoo Mail web-access site's Recent Activity section
            • Even though in above picture, the URL is shown, but actually i needed to approve only in EXCEPTION list.
            • in below goto Yahoo section to see which exact URLs were approved & needed for OAuth2.0
              End of OAUTH section.

            Yahoo (Basic/Mobile Version) web-service:
            This section contains info on what needs to be allowed in Thunderbird basic-browser tab, to access Yahoo "free" emails over their webmail web-service interface, to do basic functions: view new emails, or send emails. Below # 1 site is the webmail login/access site.

            • List is valid for users in (southern) California, USA, so it will be different based on different location. If you have Yahoo app on your phone, Yahoo may send user-sign-in event verification notice in it, once you select "yes" or allow it, basic browser in TB should take you to yahoo Inbox . NoScript on Firefox was used to obtain the list . Above list will be further different if you use their basic-HTML version site. List will be different if you've subscribed/changed your account into a different type of account. List will be different if you've enabled 2FA for your account . Follow above "" section to apply it.

            Yahoo also has these MOBILE (aka: BASIC-service friendly, aka: BASIC/HTML version) access sites:

            For accessing Yahoo emails via "OAuth2" authentication-method, just add these two URLs as cookie [ Exceptions ] in TB,etc email-clients:

            For accessing Yahoo emails via their full-version (web mail access) website inside Thunderbird's (or Firefox's) browser-tab , use above four URLs and below URL list . These will be slightly different based on your/user's location, etc.

            Microsoft Outlook/Hotmail/Live,etc (Basic/Mobile Version) web-service:
            This section contains info on what needs to be allowed in Thunderbird basic-browser tab, to access MS Outlook/Live/Hotmail "free" emails over their webmail web-service interface, to do basic functions: view new emails, or send emails. Below # 1 site is the webmail login/access site.

            • List is valid for users in (southern) California, USA, so it will be different based on different location. NoScript on Firefox was used to obtain the list . List will be further different if you use their basic-HTML version site. List will be different if you've subscribed/changed your account into a different type of account. List will be different if you've enabled 2FA for your account . Follow above "" section to apply it.

            Microsoft mail services also has these Mobile (aka: Basic-service friendly, aka: BASIC/HTML version) webmail access sites:

            For accessing emails thru "OAuth2" auth-method , use/add above four URLs & below one URL in TB's Cookie [ Exceptions ] list:

            For accessing emails thru full-version webmail access website, lots of URLs need to be added into Exception list.

            Push Microsoft to use TLS/SSL based encryption security, instead of StartTLS encryption security, as TLS/SSL is far far more secured+safer than StartTLS.

            GMail (Basic/Mobile Version) web-service:
            This section contains info on what needs to be allowed in Thunderbird basic-browser tab, to access Gmail (from Google) "free" emails over their webmail web-service interface, to do basic functions: view new emails, or send emails. Below # 1 site is the webmail login/access site.

            • List is valid for users in (southern) California, USA, so it will be different based on different location . NoScript on Firefox was used to obtain the list . List will be further different if you use their basic-HTML version site. List will be different if you've subscribed/changed your account into a different type of account. List will be different if you've enabled 2FA for your account . Follow above "" section to apply it.

            GMail also has these Mobile (aka: Basic-service friendly, aka: BASIC/HTML version) webmail access sites:

            For accessing GMail/Google-Mail emails via "OAuth2" authentication-method , add these three URL exceptions in TB,etc email-client's cookie Exception list:

            For accessing emails thru full-version webmail access website, lots of URLs need to be added into Exception list.



            Mailinabox adding TOTP two-factor authentication to admin panel login
            Asked 2020-Nov-09 at 15:03

            I am trying to add 2FA to mailinabox admin panel login. I am following their documentation but I can't find where that section is explained. From their project repo, I can see a PR that was merged to implement 2FA.

            Someone, please point me to a tutorial or resource that I can use to implement the 2FA to admin panel login on mailinabox?



            Answered 2020-Nov-09 at 15:03

            I just reached out to mailinabox and their response is they will release a version with 2FA in the next 10 days. Link to the discussion


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