lime | Lime : Explaining the predictions of any machine learning | Machine Learning library

 by   marcotcr JavaScript Version: License: BSD-2-Clause

kandi X-RAY | lime Summary

kandi X-RAY | lime Summary

lime is a JavaScript library typically used in Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning applications. lime has no bugs, it has no vulnerabilities, it has a Permissive License and it has medium support. You can install using 'pip install lime' or download it from GitHub, PyPI.

This project is about explaining what machine learning classifiers (or models) are doing. At the moment, we support explaining individual predictions for text classifiers or classifiers that act on tables (numpy arrays of numerical or categorical data) or images, with a package called lime (short for local interpretable model-agnostic explanations). Lime is based on the work presented in this paper (bibtex here for citation). Here is a link to the promo video:. Our plan is to add more packages that help users understand and interact meaningfully with machine learning. Lime is able to explain any black box classifier, with two or more classes. All we require is that the classifier implements a function that takes in raw text or a numpy array and outputs a probability for each class. Support for scikit-learn classifiers is built-in.

            kandi-support Support

              lime has a medium active ecosystem.
              It has 10684 star(s) with 1746 fork(s). There are 267 watchers for this library.
              It had no major release in the last 12 months.
              There are 72 open issues and 533 have been closed. On average issues are closed in 79 days. There are 15 open pull requests and 0 closed requests.
              It has a neutral sentiment in the developer community.
              The latest version of lime is

            kandi-Quality Quality

              lime has 0 bugs and 0 code smells.

            kandi-Security Security

              lime has no vulnerabilities reported, and its dependent libraries have no vulnerabilities reported.
              lime code analysis shows 0 unresolved vulnerabilities.
              There are 0 security hotspots that need review.

            kandi-License License

              lime is licensed under the BSD-2-Clause License. This license is Permissive.
              Permissive licenses have the least restrictions, and you can use them in most projects.

            kandi-Reuse Reuse

              lime releases are available to install and integrate.
              Deployable package is available in PyPI.
              Installation instructions, examples and code snippets are available.
              lime saves you 1156 person hours of effort in developing the same functionality from scratch.
              It has 2609 lines of code, 137 functions and 32 files.
              It has medium code complexity. Code complexity directly impacts maintainability of the code.

            Top functions reviewed by kandi - BETA

            kandi has reviewed lime and discovered the below as its top functions. This is intended to give you an instant insight into lime implemented functionality, and help decide if they suit your requirements.
            • Returns the D3 locale time format .
            • Returns a clip - side interceptor .
            • Debounce a function at a time .
            • Draws brush event .
            • Compile a template function .
            • Cliply clip circle circle .
            • Computes a clipping clip of a clip .
            • Returns a string representation of locale - number formatting function .
            • Standard scale function
            • Creates a new prediction probabilities .
            Get all kandi verified functions for this library.

            lime Key Features

            No Key Features are available at this moment for lime.

            lime Examples and Code Snippets

            lime - conf
            Pythondot img1Lines of Code : 59dot img1License : Non-SPDX (BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" License)
            copy iconCopy
            # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
            # lime documentation build configuration file, created by
            # sphinx-quickstart on Fri Mar 18 16:20:40 2016.
            # This file is execfile()d with the current directory set to its
            # containing dir.
            # Note that not all possible c  
            How to get Lime predictions vs Actual predictions in a dataframe?
            Pythondot img2Lines of Code : 11dot img2License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            for n in range(0,X_test.shape[0]+1):
                 exp = explainer.explain_instance(X_test.values[n], clf.predict_proba, num_features=10)
            df = pd.DataFrame(l)
            a = exp.to_list()
            copy iconCopy
            from tkinter import*
            def Keys_word(Keys_list):
                for i in Keys_list:
                    pos = 1.0
                    while True:
                        pattern = r"\m{}\M".format(i)
                        pos =,pos,regex
            Manually calculate the boxplot whiskers in altair
            Pythondot img4Lines of Code : 15dot img4License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            whiskers = alt.Chart(df).mark_rect(color='orange').transform_joinaggregate(
                iqr='datum.q3 - datum.q1'
                # VL concatenates these strings so we can split
            Efficient way to generate Lime explanations for full dataset
            Pythondot img5Lines of Code : 2dot img5License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            explainer.explain_instance(... num_features=5, num_samples=2500)
            Python: simple mapping of dataframe styler
            Pythondot img6Lines of Code : 24dot img6License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            def f1(col): return [ dfStyle[][i] for i in range(len(dfStyle)) ]
  , axis=0)
            styleIterator = iter([ row for col in dfStyle for row in dfStyle[col] ] )
            def f1(x): return next(styleIterator)
            Python: simple mapping of dataframe styler
            Pythondot img7Lines of Code : 7dot img7License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            def color(row):
              dfs = dfStyle.copy()
              x = [dfs.iloc[][j] for i,j in zip(row, dfStyle)]
              return x
  , axis=1)
            Kivy app not working while running on samsung
            Pythondot img8Lines of Code : 2dot img8License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            requirements = hostpython3==3.7.8,python3==3.7.8,kivy==1.11.1, certifi,chardet, lxml, docutils, future, idna, Kivy-Garden, Pygments, requests, six, soupsieve, urllib3, deep-translator, arabic-reshaper, python-bidi, openssl, pyopenssl, nump
            Different colors for different keywords in listing environment doesn't work
            Pythondot img9Lines of Code : 46dot img9License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            \definecolor{main-color}{rgb}{0.6627, 0.7176, 0.7764}
            \definecolor{back-color}{rgb}{0.1686, 0.1686, 0.1686}
            \definecolor{string-color}{rgb}{0.3333, 0.5254, 0.345}
            How to clear the screen in kivy
            Pythondot img10Lines of Code : 8dot img10License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            class RecipeWindow(Screen):
                def on_leave(self, *args):
            def go_back(self):
                # self.clear_canvas()  # what should I replace this part with????
                wm.current = 'first'

            Community Discussions


            I want to disable the snake being able to go in opposite directions
            Asked 2022-Apr-14 at 13:20

            2 questions: I want to disable the snake being able to go in opposite directions (so when it is moving left it cannot go right, if going up cannot go down etc.). How do I do it? Newbie here. Please, as descriptive as possible.

            What are all those variables? px, py, gs, tc, ax, ay, yv

            Here is the full code:



            Answered 2022-Apr-14 at 13:20

            px, py, gs, tc, ax, ay, yv are the inital x and y coordinate of snake and the first bullet and the size of the two elements

            to disallow move in oposite direction, you can store the previous move inside a variable and allow to move the snake in another direction only if previous move was not the oposite one



            How to save state of collapsed children rows (JS)
            Asked 2022-Mar-18 at 16:59

            I'm trying to make a collapsable table for a project, and so far I'm succeeding pretty well. I'm only encountering one problem that I can't figure how to manage : Actually my collapsable rows (the ones which have children) are collapsing, but if I collapse a child, then the parent, and then I expand the parent, the children is expanded as well. How can I save the state of the children so that they don't expand when we expand the parent?



            Answered 2022-Mar-18 at 16:59

            If I correctly understood your issue, you want to be able to open a "parent" without opening its children.

            But then, why did you write your code to do so ?

            See the culprit in the code bellow:



            Xml - Find Elements By tag using Python and print to console
            Asked 2022-Feb-23 at 20:12

            I'm trying to write a program which will find all the lines containing the XML tag properties "name", "top" and "left" and will write value of this properties in console.

            This is what I got so far:



            Answered 2022-Feb-23 at 20:12

            Try changing your for loop to



            How to use react hook in Bubble chart using chart.js
            Asked 2022-Feb-17 at 10:40

            I'm trying to add new bubble in the chart whenever we click on add button I am able to update the state of data i.e. Chartdata using usestate hook but the chart does not re-render and does not show the chart according to the new updated data.



            Answered 2022-Feb-17 at 06:14

            From what I can tell you are mutating the data object, which is a reference to the same object you initialized your chartData state to, and then save the mutated data object back into the chartData state.

            In React you necessarily need to shallow copy all state that is being update. Create a newChartData object from the current chartData state and shallow copy the root properties, then declare a new datasets array by shallow copying the previous state's datasets array. This is a new array reference that you can push new values into.



            Is there a way to adjust the **angle** of the *linear gradient* in Tailwind CSS?
            Asked 2022-Feb-15 at 17:23

            Is there a way to adjust the angle of the linear gradient on a background image style of an HTML component using Tailwind CSS? The only thing I can do is choose between the directional options :'t(top)', 'tr(top-right)', etc but I want to set the angle of the gradient to 24 degree for an hr element with a Tailwind class like ".bg-gradient-[160deg]" (and the colors: ".from-lime" ".to-red")



            Answered 2022-Feb-15 at 02:32
            .repeating-linear {
            background: repeating-linear-gradient(-45deg, red, red 5px, blue 5px, blue 10px);



            how to repeat the height for grid-auto-rows
            Asked 2022-Feb-08 at 22:51

            I am trying to show only the first two rows of a CSS GRID.
            The width of the container is unknown therefore it should be responsive.
            Also the content of each box is unknown.

            My current hacky solution is to define the following two rules:

            • use an automatic height for the first two rows
            • set the height of the next 277 rows to 0 height

            grid-auto-rows: auto auto 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0;

            I tried repeat() like this: grid-auto-rows: auto auto repeat(277, 0px) but unfortunately it didn't set the height to 0.

            Is there any clean way to repeat height 0?



            Answered 2022-Feb-07 at 21:16

            Define a template for the two rows and then use grid-auto-rows with 0



            Efficient way to generate Lime explanations for full dataset
            Asked 2022-Feb-04 at 11:21

            Am working on a binary classification problem with 1000 rows and 15 features.

            Currently am using Lime to explain the predictions of each instance.

            I use the below code to generate explanations for full test dataframe



            Answered 2022-Feb-04 at 11:21

            From what the docs show, there isn't currently an option to do batch explain_instance, although there are plans for it. This should help a lot with speed on newer versions later on.

            What seems to be the most appropriate change to get better speed is decreasing the number of samples used to learn the linear model.



            How can I make the text invisible when hovering over a tex and pressing the mouse button?
            Asked 2022-Jan-19 at 15:25

            I'm new, tell me how to implement so that when you hover and click on the mouse button, the text should be made invisible. And when you click on the spacebar, it will be deleted from the page. Can this be done with just HTML and CSS? Or can it be implemented using JavaScript? Tell me how to do it better? Here is the code where I implemented the text change:



            Answered 2022-Jan-19 at 15:16

            If I understood what you needed done correctly. It can be done using some CSS and JS.

            Here's a code snippet



            Default colors given in tailwind documentation are not working
            Asked 2022-Jan-14 at 19:29

            I was trying to use colors such as amber and lime, which are mentioned in the documentation. These colors didn't work. Only colors with names such as the primary color name (eg. red, pink) worked.

            Colors which are not working: amber, emerald, lime, rose, fuchsia, slate, zinc, and even orange.

            I'm using version 2.26, but I used the Tailwind playground to check the versions between 1.9 and 2.25, and still these colors didn't work. Even in the playground, these color names are not suggested.

            Why can't I use these colors?



            Answered 2022-Jan-14 at 10:15

            This is documentation for Tailwind version 3, it has expanded color palette.

            You either need to update to this version or use version 2 documentation and expand palette manually, like that:



            How do you use a random element from an array, remove that element from the array, and keep using random elements until the array is empty?
            Asked 2022-Jan-12 at 01:03

            This is my first stack overflow question, so if I am presenting something wrong, please let me know. I am pretty new to computer programming, so I just have a small webpage where I am just implementing things that I am learning.

            I made a little quiz with random trivia multiple choice questions you can take if you press a button. I am using window prompts to ask the questions and get the answers, and I have all of the questions and answers stored as objects with question/prompt and answer pairs. All of those objects are stored in an array in a variable called shortQuizPrompts. I already have the quiz working and everything, aka., It tells you after every question if you got the answer to that question right or wrong, and it gives you a grade afterwards... I also have it set up so that if you enter an answer that is not "a", "b", "c", or "d", it lets you know that it isnt a valid answer. Those sorts of things.

            As of right now, you can choose how many questions long you want the quiz to be out of the 24 total questions I have so far. It just asks the questions in the order that they are stored in the array. For example, you will never be asked the last question in the array if you do not choose for the quiz to be the full 24 questions long. However, I want to make the quiz ask the questions in a random order, while also removing those questions from the array as to not ask the same question multiple times.

            I have tried increasing the iterator while looping through the array to a random number from 0 to the length of however many questions they chose. Then checking to see if the iterator was larger than the length of the number of questions they chose, it would decrease the iterator until it found a question that is still in the array that it could ask...

            If anyone knows how to go about doing that, it would be great. Sorry for the long question btw. I am pretty new to coding, so this is probably a simple answer, but I digress. I'm pretty sure I did everything right. Thx.



            Answered 2022-Jan-12 at 01:03

            You can shuffle the shortQuizPrompts array before starting the quiz. Array shuffle details can be found in this answer.


            Community Discussions, Code Snippets contain sources that include Stack Exchange Network


            No vulnerabilities reported

            Install lime

            The lime package is on PyPI. Simply run:.


            For any new features, suggestions and bugs create an issue on GitHub. If you have any questions check and ask questions on community page Stack Overflow .
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          • PyPI

            pip install lime

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            gh repo clone marcotcr/lime

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