selenium | A browser automation framework and ecosystem | Functional Testing library

 by   SeleniumHQ Java Version: selenium-4.10.0 License: Apache-2.0

kandi X-RAY | selenium Summary

kandi X-RAY | selenium Summary

selenium is a Java library typically used in Testing, Functional Testing, Selenium applications. selenium has no bugs, it has a Permissive License and it has high support. However selenium has 1 vulnerabilities and it build file is not available. You can download it from GitHub, Maven.

Selenium is an umbrella project encapsulating a variety of tools and libraries enabling web browser automation. Selenium specifically provides an infrastructure for the W3C WebDriver specification — a platform and language-neutral coding interface compatible with all major web browsers. The project is made possible by volunteer contributors who've generously donated thousands of hours in code development and upkeep. Selenium's source code is made available under the Apache 2.0 license.

            kandi-support Support

              selenium has a highly active ecosystem.
              It has 26831 star(s) with 7595 fork(s). There are 1320 watchers for this library.
              It had no major release in the last 12 months.
              There are 160 open issues and 8929 have been closed. On average issues are closed in 68 days. There are 29 open pull requests and 0 closed requests.
              It has a positive sentiment in the developer community.
              The latest version of selenium is selenium-4.10.0

            kandi-Quality Quality

              selenium has 0 bugs and 0 code smells.

            kandi-Security Security

              selenium has 1 vulnerability issues reported (0 critical, 1 high, 0 medium, 0 low).
              selenium code analysis shows 0 unresolved vulnerabilities.
              There are 0 security hotspots that need review.

            kandi-License License

              selenium is licensed under the Apache-2.0 License. This license is Permissive.
              Permissive licenses have the least restrictions, and you can use them in most projects.

            kandi-Reuse Reuse

              selenium releases are available to install and integrate.
              Deployable package is available in Maven.
              selenium has no build file. You will be need to create the build yourself to build the component from source.
              Installation instructions, examples and code snippets are available.
              selenium saves you 164316 person hours of effort in developing the same functionality from scratch.
              It has 197497 lines of code, 13748 functions and 4631 files.
              It has medium code complexity. Code complexity directly impacts maintainability of the code.

            Top functions reviewed by kandi - BETA

            kandi has reviewed selenium and discovered the below as its top functions. This is intended to give you an instant insight into selenium implemented functionality, and help decide if they suit your requirements.
            • Discover all known core steps .
            • Sets up the SOEL method map .
            • Sets up mappings .
            • The main entry point .
            • Adds drivers to the config map .
            • Starts a new session .
            • Determines the hostname and port .
            • Prepare to intercept traffic .
            • Output the ZSHI completions
            • Executes the given command .
            Get all kandi verified functions for this library.

            selenium Key Features

            No Key Features are available at this moment for selenium.

            selenium Examples and Code Snippets

            Rapido ,Example usage
            JavaScriptdot img1Lines of Code : 77dot img1License : Permissive (MIT)
            copy iconCopy
            const Rapido = require('rapidojs')
            const path = require('path')
            const fs = require('fs')
            Rapido.load(url).then(client => {
              return client.startTracing()
            }).then(client => {
              return client.endTracing()
            }).then(({ timeline, network }) => {
            Full Example
            JavaScriptdot img2Lines of Code : 62dot img2License : Permissive (BSD-3-Clause)
            copy iconCopy
            const express = require('express')
            const chromedriver = require('chromedriver')
            const webdriver = require('selenium-webdriver')
            const By = webdriver.By
            const until = webdriver.until
            const path = require('path')
            // if you don't want to decorate, this  
            meteortesting:browser-tests,Dependencies,Selenium ChromeDriver
            JavaScriptdot img3Lines of Code : 5dot img3License : Permissive (MIT)
            copy iconCopy
            $ meteor npm i --save-dev selenium-webdriver chromedriver
            $ TEST_BROWSER_DRIVER=chrome meteor test --once --driver-package 
            $ meteor npm i -E --save-dev selenium-webdriver@3.0.0-beta-2
            $ meteor npm i --save-dev chromedriver
            $ TEST_BROWSER_DRIVER=chr  
            How to set border setting in different colors using Gnuplot?
            Lines of Code : 24dot img4License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            ### set border in different colors
            reset session
            set multiplot
                set margins 0,0,-1,-1   # l, r, b, t
                set origin 0.10,0.10
                set size   0.60,0.90
                set border lw 2
                set grid x,y
                plot sin(x)
                set origin 0.70,0.10
            How to convert a point on screen into indices of the corresponding object in a 2d-array
            Javadot img5Lines of Code : 191dot img5License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
                public Grid() {
                    // this.setSize(300, 300);
                    setPreferredSize(new Dimension(300, 300));
                    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
                        for (int j = 0; j < 10; j++) {
                            grid[i][j] = new Rectangle((i
            Why I cant parse the {{task}} variable inside the v-for in the task-panel child?
            Lines of Code : 75dot img6License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            // props: ['tasks', ⋯],
            props: ['task', ⋯],
            How to chain animation and non-animation functions in Flutter?
            Lines of Code : 286dot img7License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
                shuffle.onPressed() {
                  disable user input;
                  iterate over the grid {
                    if (cell contains a text value) {
                      push Text widget key onto a stack (List);
                      trigger the hide animation (pass callback #1);
            How to add an CheckedChanged or SelectedValueChaged event in a RadioButton
            Lines of Code : 13dot img8License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            var grid = new Grid();
            var radio = new RadioButton() 
               IsChecked = question.Answer != null && question.Answer.Value == qa.Value,
               IsEnabled = !this.IsReadOnly,
               GroupName = $"question-{question.OrderNum}",
            MUI Grid 2 Columns - Custom Heights
            Lines of Code : 27dot img9License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy

            Welcome back SpongeBob!

            This is the main content

            How can I encompass a region of a 2D Array with a square based on the elements in the array?
            Javadot img10Lines of Code : 41dot img10License : Strong Copyleft (CC BY-SA 4.0)
            copy iconCopy
            public static void main(String[] args) {
                int[][] grid = {
                        {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0},
                        {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0},
                        {0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0},
                        {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0},

            Community Discussions


            Selenium-chromedriver: Cannot construct KeyEvent from non-typeable key
            Asked 2022-Mar-25 at 12:17

            I updated my Chrome and Chromedriver to the latest version yesterday, and since then I get the following error messages when running my Cucumber features:



            Answered 2022-Feb-03 at 08:25

            It seems something has changed in the new version of ChromeDriver and it is no longer possible to send some special chars directly using send_keys method.

            In this link you will see how it is solved (in C#) --> Selenium - SendKeys("@") write an "à"

            And regarding python implementation, check this out -->

            Specifically, my implementation was (using MAC):



            Python Selenium AWS Lambda Change WebGL Vendor/Renderer For Undetectable Headless Scraper
            Asked 2022-Mar-21 at 20:19

            Using AWS Lambda functions with Python and Selenium, I want to create a undetectable headless chrome scraper by passing a headless chrome test. I check the undetectability of my headless scraper by opening up the test and taking a screenshot. I ran this test on a Local IDE and on a Lambda server.


            I will be using a python library called selenium-stealth and will follow their basic configuration:



            Answered 2021-Dec-18 at 02:01

            WebGL is a cross-platform, open web standard for a low-level 3D graphics API based on OpenGL ES, exposed to ECMAScript via the HTML5 Canvas element. WebGL at it's core is a Shader-based API using GLSL, with constructs that are semantically similar to those of the underlying OpenGL ES API. It follows the OpenGL ES specification, with some exceptions for the out of memory-managed languages such as JavaScript. WebGL 1.0 exposes the OpenGL ES 2.0 feature set; WebGL 2.0 exposes the OpenGL ES 3.0 API.

            Now, with the availability of Selenium Stealth building of Undetectable Scraper using Selenium driven ChromeDriver initiated google-chrome Browsing Context have become much more easier.


            selenium-stealth is a python package selenium-stealth to prevent detection. This programme tries to make python selenium more stealthy. However, as of now selenium-stealth only support Selenium Chrome.

            • Code Block:



            How To Set ChromeOptions (or goog:ChromeOptions) for Selenium::Chrome in Perl
            Asked 2022-Mar-18 at 09:33

            In Python, I could easily change the browser "navigator.webdriver" property to false, when using the local chromedriver with my local Chrome browser.



            Answered 2022-Mar-18 at 09:33

            Need to use extra_capabilities with goog:chromeOptions



            DeprecationWarning: executable_path has been deprecated, please pass in a Service object
            Asked 2022-Feb-14 at 12:45

            I started a selenium tutorial today and have run into this error when trying to run the code. I've tried other methods but ultimately get the same error. I'm on MacOS using VSC.

            My Code:



            Answered 2021-Nov-10 at 19:03


            How can I send Dynamic website content to scrapy with the html content generated by selenium browser?
            Asked 2022-Jan-20 at 15:35

            I am working on certain stock-related projects where I have had a task to scrape all data on a daily basis for the last 5 years. i.e from 2016 to date. I particularly thought of using selenium because I can use crawler and bot to scrape the data based on the date. So I used the use of button click with selenium and now I want the same data that is displayed by the selenium browser to be fed by scrappy. This is the website I am working on right now. I have written the following code inside scrappy spider.



            Answered 2022-Jan-14 at 09:30

            The 2 solutions are not very different. Solution #2 fits better to your question, but choose whatever you prefer.

            Solution 1 - create a response with the html's body from the driver and scraping it right away (you can also pass it as an argument to a function):



            Python/Selenium web scrap how to find hidden src value from a links?
            Asked 2022-Jan-16 at 02:28

            Scrapping links should be a simple feat, usually just grabbing the src value of the a tag.

            I recently came across this website ( where the href value of a tags of each item cannot be found, but the redirection still works. I'm trying to figure out a way to grab the items and their corresponding links. My typical python selenium code looks something as such



            Answered 2022-Jan-15 at 19:47

            You are using a wrong locator. It brings you a lot of irrelevant elements.
            Instead of find_elements_by_class_name('thumb-img') please try find_elements_by_css_selector('.collections-page .thumb-img') so your code will be



            Efficient code for custom color formatting in tkinter python
            Asked 2022-Jan-11 at 14:31

            [Editing this question completely] Thank you , for those who helped in building the Periodic Table successfully . As I completed it , I tried to link it with another of my project E-Search , which acts like Google and fetches answers , except that it will fetch me the data of the Periodic Table .

            But , I got a problem - not with the searching but with the layout . I'm trying to layout the x-scrollbar in my canvas which will display results regarding the search . However , it is not properly done . Can anyone please help ?

            Below here is my code :



            Answered 2021-Dec-29 at 20:33

            I rewrote your code with some better ways to create table. My idea was to pick out the buttons that fell onto a range of type and then loop through those buttons and change its color to those type.



            Unable to build and deploy Rails app on heroku - Throws gyp verb cli error
            Asked 2022-Jan-02 at 10:07

            Hi i was deploying a branch on heroku and threw up this error. I also tried deploying a branch which worked perfectly, but that is also showing the same error.

            local yarn verion : 1.22.17 local node version : v12.22.7 Please help !!!

            Tried building without yarn.lock and package-lock same thing.

            This is how it starts Heroku deployment build log through CLI



            Answered 2021-Dec-18 at 14:32

            I had a similar problem but resolved by following steps.

            1. Run the following command. heroku buildpacks:add heroku/nodejs --index 1
            2. Update node version from 16.x to 12.16.2 in package.json.



            Log4j 1: How to mitigate the vulnerability in log4j without updating version to 2.15.0
            Asked 2021-Dec-22 at 02:45

            I am using log4j 1.2.16. I am using this with maven selenium testng java project. I am looking for a solution without upgrading the version of log4j.



            Answered 2021-Dec-16 at 15:08

            Since you're using log4j 1, the specific vulnerability is not present there. However, note the following from

            Is log4j 1.x vulnerable? Given that log4j version 1.x is still very widely deployed, perhaps 10 times more widely than log4j 2.x, we have been receiving a steady stream of questions regarding the vulnerability of log4j version 1.x.

            As log4j 1.x does NOT offer a JNDI look up mechanism at the message level, it does NOT suffer from CVE-2021-44228.

            However, log4j 1.x comes with JMSAppender which will perform a JNDI lookup if enabled in log4j's configuration file, i.e. or log4j.xml.

            An attacker who ALREADY has write access the log4j configuration file will need to add JMSAppender into the configuration poisoned with malicious connection parameters. Note that prior legitimate usage of JMSAppender is irrelevant to the ability of the attacker to mount a successful attack.

            Also note that poisoning the configuration file is not enough. The attacker also needs to force log4j to reload its configuration file with the poisoned parameters. Given that log4j 1.x does not offer automatic reloading, the poisoned configuration file will typically only become effective at application restart.

            Nevertheless, while not easy, such an attack is not impossible. Thus it makes some sense to make job of the attacker even harder by removing JMSAppender altogether from log4j-1.2.17.jar.

            In the absence of a new log4j 1.x release, you can remove JMSAppender from the log4j-1.2.17.jar artifact yourself. Here is the command:



            TypeError: WebDriver.__init__() got an unexpected keyword argument 'firefox_options' error using firefox_options as arguments in Selenium Python
            Asked 2021-Dec-12 at 22:00

            I'm trying to create a script which downloads a file from a website and for this I want to change the download filepath. When I try to do this with the Firefox options it gives me this error:



            Answered 2021-Dec-12 at 21:50

            The browser option parameter firefox_options was deprecated in Selenium 3.8.0

            • Browser option parameters are now standardized across drivers as options. firefox_options, chrome_options, and ie_options are now deprecated

            Instead you have to use options as follows:


            Community Discussions, Code Snippets contain sources that include Stack Exchange Network


            No vulnerabilities reported

            Install selenium

            To build the most commonly-used modules of Selenium from source, execute this command from the root project folder:. If you want to test you can run then you can do so by running the following command. The test_size_filters argument takes small, medium, large. Small are akin to unit tests, medium is akin to integration tests, and large is akin to end to end tests. The test_tag_filters allow us to pass in browser names and a few different tags that we can find in the code base.
            Bazel files are called BUILD.bazel, and the order the modules are built is determined by the build system. If you want to build an individual module (assuming all dependent modules have previously been built), try the following:. In this case, javascript/atoms is the module directory, test is a target in that directory's BUILD.bazel file. As you see build targets scroll past in the log, you may want to run them individually.
            bazel makes a top-level group of directories with the bazel- prefix on each directory.
            If you're finding it hard to set up a development environment using bazel and you have access to Docker, then you can build a Docker image suitable for building and testing Selenium in from the Dockerfile in the dev image directory.


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